in higher education, according to Article
11 of the World Declaration on Higher Education, is a
multidimensional concept, which should embrace all its functions,
and activities: teaching and academic programmes, research
and scholarship, staffing, students, buildings, faculties,
equipment, services the community and the academic environment.
Internal self-evaluation and external review, conducted openly
by independent specialist, if possible with international
expertise, are vital for enhancing quality, independent national
bodies should be established and comparative standards of
quality, recognized at international level, should be defined.
Due attention should be paid to the specific institutional,
national and regional contexts in order to take into account
diversity and to avoid uniformity. Stakeholders should be
an integral part of the institutional evaluation process.
Quality also requires that higher education should be characterized
by its international dimension: exchange of knowledge, interactive
networking, mobility of teachers and students, and international
research projects, while taking into account the national
cultural values and circumstances
more information see references from the World
Conference on Higher Education Framework of Action.