The EFA 2000 Assessment: Country Reports Homepage of the World Education Forum
   Anguilla
Contents of country report Homepage of country reports Country reports listed alphabetically Country reports by region



Previous Page Next Page



PART 11 : Analytic Section

PROGRESS TOWARD GOALS AND TARGETS

2.0 ACCESS TO BASIC EDUCATION

2.1 Early Childhood Education

2.1.1 Enrolment at the Pre- primary Level

Education at the pre primary level is a private enterprise assisted by Government. Recently there has been a steady increase in subventions to primary school operators. Table 1 shows a very high participation rate among the 3 to 4 years age group, especially among the boys which reached a peak of 98% in 1998. Chart 1 shows the increase of gross enrolment ratio between 1995 and 1998.

TABLE 1

Pre-primary - Gross Enrolment by Sex 1995- 1998

 

Year

 

Official Age Group Population

3 - 4 Years

 

Overall Private School Enrolment

 

Gross Enrolment Ratio

 

Total

 

Fem

 

Male

 

Male/F

 

Female

 

Male

 

Male/F

 

Female

 

Male

 

95

 

457

 

223

 

234

 

401

 

NA

 

NA

 

87.8

 

N A

 

N A

 

96

 

474

 

243

 

231

 

430

 

220

 

210

 

90.7

 

90.5

 

90.9

 

97

 

490

 

251

 

239

 

416

 

221

 

195

 

84.9

 

88.0

 

81.6

 

98

 

506

 

259

 

247

 

469

 

227

 

242

 

92.7

 

87.6

 

98.0

CHART 1

2.1.2 The Teaching Force

2.1.2.1 Pupil-Teacher Ratio

The data in Table 2 indicate a very good teacher/pupil ratio, when 1:10 is an acceptable norm. The overall pupil teacher ratio at the pre-primary level is very low. It declined from 1: 10 in 1994/95 to 1 : 8 in 1996/97. The way how the data were presented did not allow for comparison by school. But taking into consideration that most pre-primary teachers are untrained whilst others are exposed to 'in-sight’ Early Childhood Education training' at the SERVOL Training Centre (Trinidad and Tobago), the groupings are appropriate in the circumstances. There are about 50 % of these teachers SERVOL trained; and there is also a relatively high attrition rate among these teachers resulting in new recruits having to be constantly trained.

TABLE 2

Pupil/Teacher Ratio Pre-Primary

1994/95 to 1996/97

 

Year

 

Pupil Enrolment

 

No. of Teachers

 

Pupil/Teacher Ratio

 

1994/1995

 

260

 

27

 

1:10

 

1995/1996

 

248

 

28

 

1: 9

 

1996/97

 

210

 

28

 

1:8

2.2 Primary Level

2.2.1 Intake Ratio

Primary Education is compulsory. The official entry age is 5 years. The data in Tables 3 & 4 indicate that whereas access to education is high at the point of entry, some concern is expressed over the declining proportion of five year old girls in school, when data in Table 4 are perused.

The steady decline in female enrolment ratio is suspect and would be investigated. On the other hand the 100% + net ratio for boys suggest the influx of immigrants during the period under review as shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3

Primary Apparent Intake Ratio by Sex 1995 to 1998

 

Year

 

Official Grade 1 Population 5 yrs

 

New Intake to Grade 1 Primary Schools

 

Public Schools

 

Private Schools

 

Apparent Intake Ratio

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

95

 

205

 

117

 

88

 

207

 

113

 

94

 

11

 

6

 

5

 

106.3

 

101.7

 

112.5

 

96

 

213

 

122

 

91

 

223

 

110

 

113

 

16

 

5

 

11

 

112.2

 

94.3

 

136.3

 

97

 

220

 

126

 

94

 

207

 

100

 

107

 

3

 

1

 

2

 

101.4

 

100.8

 

102.1

 

98

 

227

 

130

 

97

 

176

 

88

 

88

 

14

 

8

 

6

 

86.3

 

99.0

 

72.3

TABLE 4

Net Intake Ratio Primary Public and Private Schools

 

Year

 

Official Grade 1 Population 5 yrs

 

New Intake to Grade 1 Primary Schools -

5 years only

 

Net Intake Ratio

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

Public

 

Private

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

M/F

 

F

 

M

 

95

 

205

 

117

 

88

 

194

 

95

 

87

 

11

 

6

 

5

 

94.1

 

86.3

 

104.5

 

96

 

213

 

122

 

91

 

207

 

103

 

104

 

16

 

5

 

11

 

104.7

 

88.5

 

126.4

 

97

 

220

 

126

 

94

 

194

 

95

 

99

 

3

 

1

 

2

 

89.5

 

76.2

 

107.4

 

98

 

227

 

130

 

97

 

176

 

88

 

88

 

14

 

8

 

8

 

78.0

 

67.7

 

91.8

TABLE 5

Non National Pupils in Primary Schools

 

Year

 

Enrolment of Non - national Pupils

 

Total

 

New Intake to Grade 1

 

1995

 

73

 

20

 

1996

 

138

 

13

 

1997

 

220

 

33

  • 2.2.2 Gross & Net Enrolment Ratios

  • During the period studied, non-nationals (Table 5) are not accounted for in the estimated census population hence net enrolments continue to show 100+ among the boys. The data in Table 6 suggest that there are tiny pockets of girls of primary school age who are not in school.

    TABLE 6

    Gross Enrolment Ratio Primary

     

    Year

     

    Official Population Age Group 5 - 11 Years

     

    Overall School Enrolment

     

    Gross Enrol. Ratio

     

    Public

     

    Private

     

    MF

     

    F

     

    M

     

    MF

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F/M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    1996

     

    1411

     

    729

     

    682

     

    1423

     

    713

     

    710

     

    12

     

    7

     

    5

     

    101.7

     

    98.8

     

    104.8

     

    1997

     

    1467

     

    758

     

    709

     

    1496

     

    740

     

    756

     

    22

     

    11

     

    11

     

    103.5

     

    99.1

     

    108.2

     

    1998

     

    1516

     

    783

     

    733

     

    1502

     

    736

     

    766

     

    24

     

    12

     

    10

     

    100.7

     

    99.1

     

    95.3

    Net enrolment ratios presented in Table 7 indicate that Anguilla has more or less achieved universal primary education, where the ratio ranges from 101 in 1994 to 99% in 1996. Some caution should be heeded however, since the 100% + ratio registered for boys could include non nationals as indicated in Table 5 and depicted in Chart 3. Overall there was better participation among the boys.

    Chart 2

    TABLE 7

    Net Enrolment Ratio Primary

     

     

     

    Year

     

     

    Official Population Age Group 5 - 11 Years

     

    School Enrolm ent 5 -11 Years

     

     

     

    Net Enrolment Ratio

     

    Public

     

    Private

     

    MF

     

    F

     

    M

     

    MF

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F/M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    M/F

     

    F

     

    M

     

    1996

     

    1411

     

    729

     

    682

     

    1387

     

    690

     

    697

     

    12

     

    7

     

    5

     

    99.1

     

    95.6

     

    102.9

     

    1997

     

    1467

     

    758

     

    709

     

    1478

     

    731

     

    747

     

    22

     

    11

     

    11

     

    102..2

     

    97. 9

     

    106. 9

     

    1998

     

    1516

     

    783

     

    733

     

    1476

     

    732

     

    744

     

    24

     

    14

     

    10

     

    98.9

     

    95. 3

     

    96.3

    CHART 3

    2.2.3 Enrolment By Grade

    There seems to be a pattern emerging among grade enrolment (Table 8), where up to grade 4 there are no marked differences between boys and girls. However, from grade 6, for 1994 and 1995 there is a marked increase in participation among girls.

    TABLE 8

    Primary Enrolment By Grade and Sex

    Public and Private Schools

     

    Grade

     

    Pupil Enrolment

     

    1994-1995

     

    1995-1996

     

    1996 -1997

     

    Total

     

    Fem

     

    Male

     

    Total

     

    Fem

     

    Male

     

    Total

     

    Fem

     

    Male

     

    1

     

    244

     

    120

     

    124

     

    214

     

    108

     

    106

     

    215

     

    109

     

    106

     

    2

     

    207

     

    113

     

    94

     

    235

     

    116

     

    119

     

    218

     

    107

     

    111

     

    3

     

    236

     

    112

     

    124

     

    203

     

    112

     

    91

     

    241

     

    127

     

    114

     

    4

     

    279

     

    136

     

    143

     

    251

     

    113

     

    138

     

    198

     

    103

     

    95

     

    5

     

    199

     

    95

     

    104

     

    281

     

    134

     

    147

     

    256

     

    115

     

    141

     

    6

     

    135

     

    73

     

    62

     

    219

     

    103

     

    116

     

    276

     

    133

     

    143

     

    7

     

    125

     

    71

     

    54

     

    121

     

    71

     

    50

     

    118

     

    56

     

    62

     

    Total

     

    1425

     

    720

     

    705

     

    1524

     

    757

     

    767

     

    1522

     

    750

     

    772

    The declining number of pupils from the lowest to the highest grade suggests that either students are repeating a class or dropping out from the programme .It seems to be the former. For example in 1995/96, the number of under/overaged pupils at the primary level was 350 approximately, i.e 23% of the school enrolment.

      2.2.4 The Teaching Force

      2.2.4.1 Pupil Teacher Ratio

  • The pupil teacher/ ratios for all primary schools are given in Table 9. School principals are included, some of whom have to take classes, especially when teachers are absent, which is reported to be frequent. The ratio is very generous. In 1996/97, it ranged from 1:13 at Island Harbour to 1: 25 at Valley Primary School. An acceptable norm for primary education is 1:30. Rationalisation of staffing would be done to increase gradually an overall ratio of at least 1:25.

  • TABLE 9

    Pupil/Teacher Ratio - Primary Public Schools

    1994/95 to 1996/97

     

    Year

     

    Pupil Enrolment

     

    No. Of Teachers

     

    Pupil/Teacher Ratio

     

    1994/95

     

    1423

     

    75

     

    1:19

     

    1995/96

     

    1496

     

    77

     

    1:19

     

    1996/97

     

    1502

     

    77

     

    1:20

  • 2.2.4.2 Teacher Qualification

  • As shown in Table 10, there is about one third of primary teachers who are untrained. Among this group is a small number designated ‘teacher’, who participated in the In-service Teachers’ Training Programme and were referred.

    TABLE 10

    Primary School Teachers by Qualification & Sex

    1995 to 1997

     

     

     

    Principal

     

    Trained

     

    ‘Teacher’

     

    Untrained

     

    Tr Assistant

     

    Total

     

    M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F

     

    M

     

    F

     

    1996

     

    -

     

    6

     

    4

     

    40

     

    -

     

    5

     

    5

     

    15

     

    -

     

    -

     

    9

     

    66

     

    1997

     

    -

     

    6

     

    4

     

    42

     

    2

     

    6

     

    2

     

    11

     

    -

     

    4

     

    6

     

    71

     

    1998

     

    -

     

    6

     

    5

     

    39

     

    2

     

    6

     

    2

     

    13

     

     

     

    4

     

    7

     

    70

    With the introduction of an Initial In -service Teacher Training Programme the target is to have within 10 years 100% Trained Primary Teachers.

    2.2.5 Physical Accessibility

    There are six primary schools on Anguilla where the school population ranges from 74 to 447 as shown in Table 11.

    TABLE 11

    School Enrollment 1996/1997

     

    School

     

    Pupils

     

    Teachers

     

    Pupil/Teacher Ratio

     

    Valley

     

    447

     

    18

     

    25.1

     

    Road

     

    395

     

    18

     

    22:1

     

    Stoney Ground

     

    352

     

    17

     

    21:1

     

    Morris Vanterpool

     

    166

     

    7

     

    24:1

     

    West End

     

    98

     

    6

     

    16:1

     

    Island Harbour

     

    74

     

    5

     

    15:1

    Source Department of Education 1996/97

    Generally there is adequate space for the numbers and in some schools there are rooms which are not being used at present. Ceilings and floors are variable with the best. at Morris Vanterpool where the floors are attractively tiled and the ceilings are made with polyurethane tiles with inset strip lighting but the majority of the school rooms have poor floors and unattractive ceilings and in some cases no ceiling at all. Furniture is adequate and in good condition. Efforts are being made to enhance the physical conditions of school with collaboration from partners in Education. For example, the West End School has been generously supported by Cable & Wireless.

    2.2.6 Transition From Primary to Secondary

    The Education Act declares that all children who are 11 years of primary education should be admitted to the secondary programme. Consequently whether the pupil has completed the programme or not, he/she is automatically transferred to secondary schooling. Mentioned earlier, is the number of overaged children that remained in the lower grades of primary schools, for one reason or another.

    Within this scenario, pupils are entering secondary programme who do not complete the primary programme. This action has serious consequences for curriculum delivery, performance and behavioural patterns in the Form 1 in the secondary school.

    The transition rates that show 100% +, reflect non nationals. Within recent years there is an influx of Santo Dominicans into Anguilla, in addition to the regular flow of immigrants through work permits etc.

    TABLE 12

    Transition Rate from Primary to Secondary

     

    Year

     Prim. Pupils Eligible for Secondary Education

     Intake to Secondary School

     Transition Rate

     M/F

     Fem

     M

     M/F

     Fem.

     M

     M/F

     Fem

     M

     1995

     198

     107

     91

     202

     107

     95

     102

     100

     104

     1996

     239

     121

     118

     234

     121

     113

     98

     100

     96


    Previous Page Next Page