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Table 63 – Primary Education – Repetition rate by grade – Brazil and Regions –1996-1997

Primary Education – Repetition Rate by Grade - Brazil and Regions - 1996-1997

Repetition Rate by Grade (%)

Total

1st grade

2nd grade

3rd grade

4th grade

5th grade

6th grade

7th grade

8th grade

Brazil

1996

14.2

19.1

16.7

12.4

9.2

17.0

13.7

10.4

7.3

1997

11.4

18.3

13.7

9.1

7.1

12.4

9.8

7.6

5.4

North

1996

19.0

26.3

20.0

15.4

12.3

22.2

17.0

12.1

8.9

1997

16.7

25.1

17.9

13.6

10.8

16.4

11.5

8.5

7.0

Northeast

1996

17.6

25.5

20.3

15.2

11.5

16.1

12.9

10.4

7.7

1997

15.5

22.9

17.7

13.1

9.9

14.4

11.0

8.6

6.0

Southeast

1996

10.1

6.7

13.4

10.2

6.4

15.5

11.7

8.4

5.9

1997

6.6

7.1

8.9

4.9

3.7

9.2

7.5

5.8

4.4

South

1996

14.9

18.5

14.6

10.7

10.4

19.8

18.4

14.4

9.3

1997

11.5

17.0

12.9

8.8

8.3

13.9

11.9

9.7

6.1

Mid-West

1996

14.8

19.6

15.9

12.4

9.5

18.4

15.8

12.6

9.0

1997

12.5

17.2

13.4

10.4

7.5

15.7

13.1

10.5

7.5

Source: MEC/INEP/SEEC

Retention rate through the 5th grade (percentage of all students who reach the 5th grade).

In Brazil, data on primary education are unified through the 8th grade, but make no distinction as to the 4th grade. We present the retention rate referring to the last grade of primary education, that is, the 8th grade.

Table 64 - Retention rate through the 8th grade of primary education – Brazil – 1997

Year

Retention rate (%)

1997

66.2

Source: MEC/INEP/SEEC

Efficiency coefficient (ideal number of years of study necessary for a group of students to complete the primary cycle in relation to the average number of years necessary to complete the primary cycle, expressed in percentage).

Table 65 - Primary education – Efficiency coefficient – Brazil – 1998

Minimum number of years for conclusion

Average number of years for conclusion

Efficiency rate

8

10.3

0.78

Source: MEC/INEP/SEEC

Percentage of students who reach the 4th grade of primary education who master the set of basic skills set for the national level – Brazil – 1997

Table 66 - Level of proficiency in the 4th grade of primary education – Brazil – 1997

Percentage of students with expected level of proficiency*

Portuguese (%)

Mathematics(%)

Science (%)

Total

41.6

10.6

51.6

Source: MEC/INEP/DAEB – SAEB/97

Obs.: * Expected level of proficiency in Portuguese and Science: 175.

Expected level of proficiency in Mathematics: 250

Literacy rate in the 15-24 year-old bracket

Rate of illiteracy

15-19 years old

20-24 years old

1970

24.3

26.5

1980

16.5

15.6

1991

12.1

12.2

1995

6.8

7.5

1996

6.0

7.1

Source: IBGE – PNAD 1996

Note: Excluding the rural population of Rond˘nia, Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Para and Amapa in 1995 and 1996.

Rate of adult literacy (percentage of the literate population over 15 years of age)

Table 68 - Rate of literacy – Population of 15 and over – Brazil – 1970-1996

Year

Percentage of literates

1970

66.4

1980

74.6

1991

79.9

1996

85.3

Source: IBGE Demographic Censuses: 1970, 1980, 1991. PNAD (IBGE), 1996.

Population Count, 1996

Rate of literacy by gender

Table 69 - Rate of illiteracy of the population aged 15 and over by gender – Brazil-1980/1996

Gender

Total

Men

Women

1980

25.4

23.6

27.1

1991

20.1

19.8

20.3

1996*

14.7

14.5

14.8

Source: IBGE. Demographic Censuses 1991/PNAD 1995/1996

Note: *Excluding the rural population of Rond˘nia, Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Para and Amapa.


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