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Table 7. Technical state of pre-school institution buildings

 

Pre-school education institutions

out of (%)

Pre-school education institutions

out of (%)

Needs capital repair

Needs emergency repair

Needs capital repair

Needs emergency repair

 

1995

1996

Georgia

1322

35

8

1253

65

15

Tbilisi city

202

41

13

201

76

25

Abkhazeti            
Adjara

49

35

6

46

65

24

Guria

62

32

3

44

43

2

Imereti

249

42

10

249

69

17

Khakheti

203

35

7

216

67

12

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

59

22

10

53

68

28

Ratca-Lechumi &KS

39

26

8

37

49

19

Samegrelo & ZS

108

74

4

108

74

4

Samtskhe-Javakheti

51

35

8

64

58

16

Kvemo Kartli

110

36

7

113

47

10

Shida Kartli

87

24

7

90

64

19

 

1997

1998

Georgia

1223

68

14

1241

75

15

Tbilisi city

198

77

25

186

74

21

Abkhazeti

5

80

0

8

75

13

Adjara

45

80

16

45

76

18

Guria

49

90

12

44

77

11

Imereti

232

71

6

223

77

6

Khakheti

216

67

13

216

78

17

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

58

60

22

58

57

16

Ratca-Lechumi &KS

37

38

16

37

54

8

Samegrelo & ZS

126

82

7

138

86

20

Samtskhe-Javakheti

59

68

15

49

71

18

Kvemo Kartli

103

50

15

105

62

13

Shida Kartli

94

48

14

96

86

19

Figure 8 . Technical state of pre-school institutions buildings

The amount of donations depends on regions. Institutions located in central parts of towns have comparably higher donations than those in regions. It depends on parents’ solvency. The donations at rural areas are very small and parents pay in kind. Therefore, the quality and periodicity of nutrition and its calorie content varies significantly.

The average monthly payment for prestigious central areas of city is equal to 30 Lari, at suburbs of the city it equals to 10 – 15 Lari. At rural areas the payment equals to 5 Lari. For the state kindergartens feed is organised in accordance with the state decree No 342 "About Norms of Nutrition at Nursery Schools, Kindergartens and Pre-school Institutions of Sanatorium Type" issued on 04.05.93. In 1995-1996 an international organisation EKILIBR supported pre-school institutions in several cities. International female organisation actually helped all pre-school institutions.

The centralised system of supply of pre-school institutions existed in the Soviet period was destroyed, financial support of the state was significantly reduced, the work of factories devoted to produce furniture and toys for children was stopped. These were the reason that material and technical base of pre-school institutions has sharply worsened. During the last years the pre-school establishments did not acquire soft and firm stock, toys, utensils, crockery, sport equipment, technical accessories, visual aids, medical equipment and medicine, there was not executed capital and current repair at kindergartens for disabled children.

For the last 2 years the situation was rather improved. For a number of pre-school establishments the state has transferred money to purchase equipment and for repair. Some of pre-school institutions are carried out repair activities and acquiring equipment from different funds.

During last years the most difficult problem pre-school institutions have faced was lack of power supply and problems related with heating and preparation of buildings for winter season.

There are problems related to medical service of children. As the result of conducted health protection reforms, the pre-school institutions have lost the staff of doctors, which were earlier financed by medical authorities and were fixed behind pre-school institutions. For example, in Tbilisi the health services was conducted in 109 institutions out of 201 pre-school organisations. The assignment of payment for the medical forms necessary for admission into institution creates additional problems for parents. Regional medical institutions are not able to execute medical services because of the lack of necessary medicine.

The appropriate regional or urban departments of education according to the acting norms determine the staff of pre-school institutions. For the last years the certain measures for increase of a professional level of the teachers were conducted. In particular at the pedagogical university the special faculty was open, at the same time the change of style of work at Gogebashvili College results in increase of teacher training level.

In 1990 8117 teachers out of 22538 had higher education, 212 of them had incomplete higher, and 11937 have special secondary education, including 8007 with pedagogical education (see Table 8).

Despite of the positive tendencies in providing of pre-school institutions with pedagogical staff, the level of their qualification remains unsatisfactory and does not correspond to the world standards.

Together with the decrease of the number of pre-school institutions, the number of teachers has been decreased as well. Table 8 presents the situation.

Table 8.

Teachers in pre-school institutions

 

1990

1995

1996

1997

1998

Teachers in total

 

Specified education

22538

10491

9368

5397

5795

Higher

8117

4192

3909

2833

2983

Incomplete higher

2121

477

380

205

180

Special secondary

11937

5459

4812

2320

2582

Including Pedagogical Education

 

8007

 

4416

 

3867

 

1831

 

Today 5397 teachers are engaged in pre-school institutions. 2833 (52%) out of them have higher education, 205 (3.8%) have incomplete higher, and 2320 (43%) have special secondary education, 489 out of them have not pedagogical education at all. Due to the reforms of education there is a reduction of staffs of teachers. In current year the number of teachers was reduced on 42.2% in comparison with the previous years and 4.2 times in comparison with 1990. The average ratio children/teacher is 14 children per a teacher. If in 1995 the average number of teachers per a pre-school institution was 5.65, today relevant figure is equal to 3.22 (Table 8, Figure 9).

In Tbilisi this index from 10.58 has decreased to 5.44 in 1997. Due to recovering of second shift teachers that was financed by local government bodies, the figure has grown up to 6.1. The number of children per a teacher

Figure 9. Rate children per teacher at pre-school institutions

has increased. In 1995 one teacher on the average was training 10.98 children, but in 1998 this figure was equal to 18.7. Specific weight of teachers was slightly, but decreased. On the average in 1995 one teacher was training 1.8 attendants of the fixed age-groups, in 1998 this number decreased to 1.2 .

Table 9. Teachers in pre school institutions

 

%

 

Teachers

Teachers/

attendants

Attendants/ teachers

 

Teachers/

groups

Teachers

Teachers/

attendants

Attendants/ teachers

 

Teachers/

groups

Georgia

7465

5.65

10.98

1.79

6564

5.24

12.66

1.71

Tbilisi city

2138

10.58

11.06

1.67

2056

10.23

12.27

1.66

Adjara

340

6.94

11.21

1.94

328

7.13

11.34

1.96

Guria

222

3.58

9.02

2.24

134

3.05

11.41

1.74

Imereti

1283

5.15

11.40

1.88

1007

4.04

15.76

1.57

Khakheti

1061

5.23

10.09

1.85

992

4.59

11.39

1.81

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

237

4.02

9.37

1.91

185

3.49

10.24

2.80

Ratca-Lechumi -KS

117

3.00

10.49

1.63

118

3.19

10.00

1.69

Samegrelo & ZS

334

3.09

13.49

1.56

334

3.09

13.49

1.56

Samtskhe-Javakheti

219

4.29

9.54

1.86

214

3.34

12.27

1.73

Kvemo Kartli

710

6.45

12.82

1.67

620

5.49

14.45

1.52

Shida Kartli

416

4.78

9.93

1.96

397

4.41

10.84

1.91

 

1997

1998

Georgia

3815

3.12

19.66

1.09

3979

3.22

18.64

1.17

Tbilisi city

1078

5.44

19.16

1.06

1220

6.13

18.69

1.21

Abkhazeti

14

2.80

19.64

1.00

30

3.75

12.73

1.50

Adjara

159

3.53

22.48

1.03

171

3.80

21.29

1.11

Guria

75

1.53

18.92

1.12

69

1.57

17.78

1.15

Imereti

688

2.97

20.60

1.19

603

2.70

19.25

1.11

Khakheti

558

2.58

20.01

1.03

519

2.40

20.40

1.05

Mtskheta-Mtianeti

113

1.95

18.39

1.01

142

2.45

14.11

1.31

Ratca-Lechumi -KS

71

1.92

17.32

1.06

79

2.14

15.33

.122

Samegrelo & ZS

279

2.21

19.50

1.15

307

2.22

18.23

1.23

Samtskhe-Javakheti

125

2.12

18.42

1.13

116

2.37

16.26

1.30

Kvemo Kartli

393

3.82

20.46

1.07

382

3.64

19.69

1.09

Shida Kartli

241

2.56

18.49

1.12

226

2.35

19.82

1.03

The number of teachers who have 10 years working experience is equal to 15.8 %, the number of those with 10-15 years working experience is equal to 25.35 %, and the number of teachers having more than 15 years working experience is equal to 51.29 %.

The analysis of data for the last years has shown that the percentage of the teachers having more than 15 years working experience has grown to 1995 and now it equals to 35 %. The cancellation of staffs of the teachers working

 



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