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Table 2.2

SLTP NEM Qualifications in Indonesia, 1996/1997

  Province

Average NEM at Schools in 1996/97

Number of School

Remarks

 

A

B

C

D

E

Av.

   
 

(5)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1)

     

DKI Jakarta

13

106

334

540

73

2,4803

1066

A > 7,5
West Java

2

67

349

1724

241

2,10407

2383

6,5 < B <= 7,5
Central Java

14

246

1517

759

5

2,805195

2541

5,5 <= C <= 6,5
DI Yogyakarta

5

72

214

156

0

2,834452

447

4,5 <= D <= 5,5
East Java

15

283

1289

479

8

2,912247

2074

E <= 4,5

JAVA

49

774

3703

3658

327

2,595817

8511

 
DI Aceh

2

64

296

64

8

2,97235

434

 
North Sumatra

2

51

654

913

40

2,43494

1660

 
West Sumatra

0

3

116

212

5

2,348214

336

 
Riau

1

11

176

228

36

2,365044

452

 
Jambi

0

1

60

174

55

2,024138

290

 
South Sumatra

0

11

127

579

135

2,016432

852

 
Bengkulu

0

0

10

131

51

1,786458

192

 
Lampung

0

7

71

531

244

1,813599

853

 
Bali

0

9

94

191

22

2,28481

316

 
NTB

0

6

74

140

17

2,291139

237

 
NTT

0

39

329

116

1

2,837113

485

 
East Timor

0

0

4

68

35

1,71028

107

 
 

0

4

38

357

100

1,891784

499

 
West Kalimantan

0

9

72

57

4

2,605634

142

 
Central Kalimantan

0

4

53

167

21

2,163265

245

 
South Kalimantan

1

5

43

230

21

2,116667

300

 
East Kalimantan                
 

1

47

258

428

83

2,332925

817

 
North Sulawesi

0

3

76

207

11

2,239057

297

 
Central Sulawesi

0

80

351

79

4

2,986381

514

 
South Sulawesi

1

49

135

7

0

3,229167

192

 
Southeast Sulawesi                
 

0

50

162

101

46

2,601671

359

 
Maluku

2

25

107

107

41

2,432624

282

 
Irian Jaya                
 

10

478

3306

5087

980

2,335869

9861

 
OUTSIDE JAVA                

INDONESIA

59

1252

7009

8745

1307

2,456292

18372

Table 2.3.

Development of SLTP NEM in Indonesia During the Last Five Years

 

Province

Average NEM at Schools in 1994/95

N. of

School

 

Remarks

 

A

B

C

D

E

Av.

   
 

(5)

(4)

(3)

(2)

(1)

     

DKI Jakarta

1,61

2,48

2,08

54,05591

4

-16,2486

24

 
West Java

1,46

2,10

1,83

44,11442

9

-13,1358

19

 
Central Java

1,81

2,81

2,59

54,98314

2

-7,75173

15

 
DI Yogyakarta

2,6

2,83

2,87

9,017381

23

1,362995

8

 
East Java

2,04

2,91

2,52

42,7572

10

-13,3389

20

 
DI Aceh

2,31

2,97

3,06

28,67317

16

2,838577

6

 
North Sumatra

2,52

2,43

2,08

-3,37541

25

-14,3792

22

 
West Sumatra

1,71

2,35

2,29

37,32247

13

-2,39516

9

 
Riau

1,53

2,37

2,08

54,57806

3

-12,2189

18

 
Jambi

1,42

2,02

1,91

42,54492

11

-5,51741

13

 
South Sumatra

1,76

2,02

1,73

14,57

21

-14,16

21

 
Bengkulu

1,48

1,79

1,42

20,70664

18

-20,7488

26

 
Lampung

1,18

1,81

2,01

53,69484

5

11,03415

3

 
Bali

1,78

2,28

2,17

28,36012

17

-5,05202

12

 
NTB

1,62

2,29

2,07

41,42835

12

-9,61556

17

 
NTT

1,96

2,84

#DIV/0!

44,75068

7

#DIV/0!

   
East Timor

1,26

1,71

1,36

35,73654

15

-20,3153

25

 
West Kalimantan

1,39

1,89

1,45

36,09954

14

-23,2572

27

 
Central Kalimantan

2,18

2,61

2,71

19,52449

20

4,144144

4

 
South Kalimantan

1,5

2,16

2,04

44,21769

8

-5,92519

14

 
East Kalimantan

1,76

2,12

1,93

20,26515

19

-8,9687

16

 
North Sulawesi

2,75

2,33

2,40

-15,1664

22

2,885435

7

 
Central Sulawesi

1,51

2,24

2,16

48,28194

6

-3,43842

11

 
South Sulawesi

2,67

2,99

3,05

11,84949

26

2,069

5

 
Southeast Sulawesi

3,1

3,23

3,13

4,166667

24

-2,94799

10

 
Maluku

3,09

2,60

2,98

-15,8035

27

14,68185

2

 
Irian Jaya

1,51

2,43

2,05

61,10093

1

-15,5697

23

 

INDONESIA

1,91

2,46

2,25

28,75148

 

-8,37005

   

c) Description of SLTP NEM Quality in 1997/1998

Some important matters concerning the SLTP quality in 1997/1998 may be specified as follows, see Table 2.4. Data concerning SLTP NEM 1997/1998 for NTT (East Nusa Tenggara) are still unavailable.

By using the same ‘cutting point’ and by measuring until 2 digits after the comma to distinguish passing grades from non-passing, the following information has been obtained. First, from the viewpoint of the number of provinces, there is no province outside Java which achieved the provincial average grade sufficient for passing, while on the other hand there were three provinces (Southeast Sulawesi with 3.13 average, DI Aceh with 3.06 and North Sulawesi with 3.05) outside Java with provincial average grades sufficient to pass. Even though, the average provincial grade (2.30) in Java was relatively slightly higher than that of outside Java (2.20). Second, viewed from the number of schools and using measurement up till one digit after the comma, there is no school in Java with grades sufficient for passing. On the other hand three provinces outside Java (Southeast Sulawesi, DI Aceh, and North Sulawesi) achieved passing grades.

Schools with students achieving excellent grades (higher than 7.5) were found primarily in Java (9 out of 8,351) rather that outside Java (6 out of 9,164). On the other hand, schools with students achieving poor grades (less than 4.5) were less available in Java (845 out of 8,351) than outside Java (1,387 out of 9,164). Note: the number of schools differing in 1996/1997 and 1997/1998 may have been caused by the fact that in 1997/1998 not all data concerning schools were collected yet at the time this assessment was written.

In 1996/1997 schools with distribution of student grades nearing normal (the number of students with excellent grades relatively in balance with the number of students with poor grades) were found in Southeast and North Sulawesi. In general, the distribution of grades in each province followed the national pattern, namely tending to lean to the left which means that there are more schools with insufficient grades, for example East Timor. However, the student grade distribution in DI Yogyakarta and DI Aceh tends to lean to the right.

An interesting fact was the grades achieved by students in DI Yogyakarta. In this province, the number of schools with students achieving excellent grades increased, in comparison with the year before (from 5 schools increasing to 9). On the other hand, the number of schools categorized as excellent decreased in North Sulawesi with the exception of one school and in Southeast Sulawesi there is none, the average grades of schools in these two provinces were better than the average grades in schools in DI Yogyakarta at provincial level.

In 1996/1997, viewed from the quality of individual schools, SLTP of excellent quality were primarily found in Java, while parallel to that schools of poor quality were primarily found outside Java.


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