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Table 2.16

Kind and Number of Private Courses that provide

Essential Skills by Province

District

Kinds of Private Courses

Total

Secretary

Hotel

Computer

Electronics

Automotive

Beautician

Cook-ing

Dress-making

Accountancy

1. Aceh

0

0

22

2

1

23

0

56

19

123

2. North Sumatera

0

0

152

19

24

121

19

510

282

1,127

3. West Sumatera

1

1

164

5

9

37

10

98

130

455

4. Riau

2

0

32

6

6

17

1

35

35

134

5. Jambi

0

0

23

0

0

23

1

91

33

171

6. South Sumatera

3

0

69

2

0

68

0

44

49

235

7. Bengkulu

0

0

24

1

0

111

1

99

24

260

8. Lampung

0

0

46

4

0

442

1

96

20

609

9. DKI Jakarta

28

11

323

51

13

607

24

501

193

1,751

10. West Jawa

9

20

153

24

16

199

35

1,268

251

1,975

11. Central Jawa

20

5

382

46

9

24

22

718

266

1,492

12. D.I.Yogyakarta

14

5

26

9

9

310

6

72

79

530

13. East Jawa

10

2

341

63

68

155

246

960

338

2,183

14. Bali

1

1

86

7

3

42

0

165

78

383

15. NTB

2

0

33

3

2

3

0

44

19

106

16. NTT

1

1

17

6

2

14

1

17

16

75

17. East Timor

0

0

5

1

0

2

0

6

7

21

18. West Kalimantan

0

0

27

5

0

12

0

38

35

107

19. Central Kal.

1

0

33

0

0

19

0

1

1

55

20. South Kal.

3

0

74

4

1

33

1

18

20

154

21. East Kalimantan

2

0

80

6

0

47

7

37

31

210

22. North Sulawesi

0

1

16

1

0

33

0

46

43

140

23. Central Sulawesi

0

0

19

11

3

0

3

6

1

43

24. South Sulawesi

0

0

80

1

2

41

3

91

20

238

25. S.E. Sulawesi

0

0

19

0

0

33

3

9

6

70

26. Maluku

1

0

20

2

1

13

0

2

8

47

27. Irian Jaya

0

0

16

0

0

5

4

18

12

55

Total

98

47

2,282

269

169

2,434

388

5,046

2,016

12,749

Source: Directorate of Community Education

Out of 22,215 courses. there are 12,749 courses—classified as Essential Skills serving about 3 to 4 million learners annually. There are about 175,000 to 215,000 learners each year who took the national exam made up about 65 % of graduation rate in average. The relatively, low graduation rate is on account of the fact that most courses granted their own local exam and the certificate issuances to get the jobs. In the evolving courses classified as essential skills, the Ministry of Education and Culture cooperated with other institutions such as "Kadin" (The Chamber of Commerce), professional bodies and other educational and examination agencies.

d) Training in Vocational Skills

The government has provided vocational skill training for the workforce. The training is intended to provide them skills necessary to get a job or for self-employment. Since 1993/1994 the Ministry of Manpower provided a variety of trainings for those who are unemployed. The training covers the following courses: engineering. electronics. automotive. construction. commerce. and others.

The following table shows the growth of vocational training implemented by the Ministry of Manpower.

Table 2.17

The Growth of

Vocational Skills by Its Type and Year of Implementation

   

Type of Vocational Skill

No.

Year

Engine-ring

Electron-ics

Automot-ive

Construc-tion

Commer-ce

Other Skills (Vocatio-nal)*

1.

1993/1994

5,002

7,096

6,083

5,461

1,305

25,851

2.

1994/1995

2,776

2,399

3,456

3,713

980

15,295

3.

1995/1996

4,096

4,048

3,888

4,129

1,538

14,119

4.

1996/1997

4,672

5,616

4,712

5,712

1,296

22,918

5.

1997/1998

5,337

6,765

6,896

6,896

1,375

31,131

 

Jumlah

           

*) Other skills such as agriculture, fishery, animal husbandary,handicraft.

 

Source: Ministry of Manpower 1998.

The trainings are carried out in all provinces throughout Indonesia,The results of trainings from 1993/1994 to 1997/1998 are described in Table 2,18, The trainings are also carried out by the NGOs in cooperation with the Ministry of Manpower.

Table 2.18

Number of Trainees and Kinds of Vocational Skills conducted

by the Ministry of Manpower by Province

Year 1993/1994 to 1997/1998

No.

Province

Number of Trainees and Kinds of Vocational Skills

Techno-logy

Electro- nics

Autom-otive

Constr-

Uction

Trade

Voc,

Skills

Agri-culture

Total

1

Aceh

726

819

636

642

216

1,662

1,291

5,992

2

North Sumatera

828

807

952

616

432

2,017

2,623

8,275

3

West Sumatera

812

1,262

974

784

112

2,223

1,954

8,121

4

Riau

567

694

628

622

168

1,184

1,043

4,906

5

Jambi

532

791

500

661

352

1,401

1,164

5,401

6

South Sumatera

1,000

1,170

1,015

1,283

408

2,442

1,828

9,146

7

Bengkulu

520

581

588

593

273

1,235

1,035

4,825

8

Lampung

567

655

532

523

224

1,072

1,042

4,615

9

DKI Jakarta

76

322

80

80

32

112

0

702

10

West Jawa

1,980

2,055

1,891

1,994

324

3,494

8,127

19,865

11

Central Jawa

1,776

2,371

2,206

2,495

388

4,438

8,331

22,005

12

D,I,Yogyakarta

736

756

869

768

328

1,914

1,429

6,800

13

East Jawa

2,098

2,548

2,164

2,240

488

6,147

7,312

22,997

14

Bali

496

812

792

568

228

3,554

2,410

8,860

15

NTB

919

875

980

1,264

272

1,962

2,938

9,210

16

NTT

812

492

340

637

48

1,539

1,351

5,219

17

East Timor

328

344

320

544

236

432

1,683

3,887

18

West Kalimantan

668

830

680

736

176

1,846

1,746

6,682

19

Central Kal,

487

508

471

500

244

688

964

3,862

20

South Kal,

1,064

836

1,360

1,172

320

1,990

2,102

8,844

21

East Kalimantan

624

754

651

567

112

918

779

4,405

22

North Sulawesi

436

995

807

519

144

1,107

1,175

5,183

23

Central Sulawesi

792

536

750

851

227

1,104

1,391

5,651

24

South Sulawesi

1,287

1,696

1,264

1,683

476

2,219

2,786

11,411

25

S,E, Sulawesi

644

564

519

1,102

0

612

1,158

4,599

26

Maluku

808

1,144

772

1,264

136

1,799

2,082

8,005

27

Irian Jaya

300

707

974

1,203

128

1,663

1,796

6,771

Total

21,883

25,924

23,715

25,911

6,492

50,774

61,540

216,239

Source: Ministry of Manpower


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