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Chapter Three:

Future Strategies And plans

    1. Pre-primary Education

- To make the one-year pre-primary education course compulsory

- To reform the structure of organization and management, in order to create unity among authorities and officials of pre-primary education in Iran (Ministry of Education and State Welfare Organization)

- To support all five – year children (one year prior to starting primary education) to attend preparatory education.

- To build specific educational spaces according to the requirements of different age groups in pre-primary education centers.

- To train and to employ educational experts, administrators, teachers and other specialists for pre-primary educational centers.

- To utilize available facilities of IRIB ( Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting) in every province plus national mass media to reinforce and to facilitate pre-primary education.

2.Primary Education

2.1: Enrollment of all out- of- school children

  1. Planning-To give priority to education of out – of - school females and to educate the children of deprived areas; with particular attention to poverty – stricken provinces such as Sistan & Baluchistan. At present, the enrollment ratio at national level is 97% and all efforts are focused to promote this ratio to 100%.
  2. Resources
  3. - To establish new schools in deprived areas using governmental and non-governmental resources.

    - To employ local people with academic qualifications as teachers of deprived areas.

    - To supply pupils of deprived areas with required textbooks, stationery, clothes and nutrition, free of charge, as a motivation to attend schools.

    2.2: To promote the quality of education

  4. Planning
  5. - To expand the education system’s internal efficiency by identifying the obstacles and eliminating them as well as reinforcing facilitating factors and making use of the relevant results in educational programs to increase promotion rates and length of study and to reduce repetition rates in each grade.

    - To expand education system’s external efficiency by changing and revising curricula’s, topics and the contents of the textbooks so that the quality and quantity of materials would match the daily requirements of pupils as well as their aptitude and potential capabilities.

    - Emphasis on employing specialized teachers, reduction in the overcrowding of classes, improvement and development of educational equipment and educational aids, management stability and employing experienced educators in counseling.

    - Growth and development of counseling and guidance services with respect to specific students needs, for the students of different fields of study through development and enrichment of special counseling centers.

    - Balancing the privileges of the employed teachers and those having the same degrees in each educational course, on the basis of obligatory hours of work and each course specialties.

    - Using the motivating methods to increase teachers employment coefficient through establishing allowance exclusively for deprived areas, and increasing teaching fee.

    - To employ educational aids and new teaching approaches, to devise innovative methods, and to apply them at teaching centers.

    - To establish an educational T.V channel and to publish a specific educational newspaper in order to facilitate the communication of latest findings, concepts and experiences related to students.

  6. Resources
  7. - To employ efficient and specialized manpower in educational planning, management and teaching.

    - To supply educational centers with modern teaching aids.

    - To perform applied researches in order to identify factors leading to students’ underachievement and lagging behind and to render essential plans and ways based on the results obtained from those researches.

    2.3: To expand people’s participation in the process of education.

  8. Planning

- To administer a school-oriented plan in order to decentralize the education system and to expand people’s participation in education process.

- To vest more authority in provincial administrators of the Ministry of Education so that by regarding the specific conditions of every province they can put their efforts to eliminate any probable educational problem.

- In 6 months after the approval of the rule third economic’ Social and Cultural Development Plan, the Ministry of Education with cooperation and approval of the Administrative and Employment Affairs Organization is responsible to accomplish the following steps:

Revising and reorganizing and organizational promotion of educational planning in Provinces under the title of "Educational Organization of the province" for accomplishing de-centralization policy and providing circumstances to transfer most of the responsibilities to the provinces, with omission and insertion of the equivalent and unnecessary activities, so that it would increase efficiency of educational affairs in provinces with respect to the legal authority in administrative, employment, financial, educational and research activities.

- To provide necessary conditions and facilities to attract people’s self – contribution and the participation of private sectors in education.

- To attract the cooperation and contribution of parents to increase their contacts with school to pursue and to pay attention to their children’s education.

- To expand the activities of councils of education in provinces and townships.

- To motivate municipalities to have grates contribution in building educational centers.

- In 6 months after the approval of the third plan, the Ministry of Education is responsible to prepare and present the bill of improving the law relevant to establishment of schools within the following framework:

  1. Diversifying the establishment of non-government schools such as educational staff cooperative schools (Farhangian’s).
  2. Using long-term bank loans for establishment of educational spaces equipment and facilities.
  3. Compiling specific regulations of salaries and fringe benefits of teachers and full-time staff of non-government schools.
  4. Transferring (sale or rent) government educational spaces to non-government ones.
  5. Transferring the lands with educational usage at fair price to the owners of licenses for establishing non-government schools.
  6. Establishing a fund in support of developing the private schools
  7. Advancing part of the government sector’s educational share to non-government schools.

B. Resources

- To improve non-profit schools by providing and offering required facilities to establish such schools.

- To attract the financial contribution of people and benefactors in education.

- Paying special attention to absorb finance resulting from endowment, waqf, gift and… to support people’s participation in providing the finance of Ministry of Education, especially in establishing educational spaces by applying necessary measures such as propagation, encouragement and persuasion of people.

- To utilize available mass media such as radio, television and newspapers to transfer correct information to parents and to improve people’s participation.

2.4: Designing an Education Management Information System (EMIS)

  1. Planning
  2. Designing a comprehensive data base:

    There is no particular center responsible for collecting information related to all educational indicators in the Ministry of Education. Different centers based on their own tasks collect and record information and statistics. So collecting and processing information on needed indicators is not done in a harmonized, centralized way. Since the collection of information is not computerized, designing an EMIS center seems necessary.

  3. Resources

- Public and private resources.

- International aid

3. Adult Education

3.1: Campaign against illiteracy to eradicate it completely

A. Planning

- Changing class-attending education to correspondence education and semi-attending education

- Illiteracy eradication in age group 10-40

- Consolidating and fixing the literacy skill and preventing relapse to illiteracy

- Enrolling children in formal education.

- Encouraging and exerting some limitations to lead the illiterate adults (under 40 years) to literacy classes.

  1. Resources

Making use of public and private resources to campaign against illiteracy.

- Mass media such as radio, television and the press.

- International resources

3.2: Holding follow up programs for neo - literates

  1. Planning
  2. - Increasing the knowledge of neo-literates to make them more cooperative in personal, family and social responsibilities

    - Providing technical-vocational education to impart the required skill in people to enter the job market.

    - Developing the culture of neo-literates by encouraging them to read books and newspapers, broadcasting special programs for new literates from and television radio and providing correspondence education for them.

  3. Resources

- Public and private resources

- Equipping libraries throughout country with the necessary resources.

- Mass media

- International funds

3.3: Developing non-formal education

A. Planning

- Encouraging and facilitating the foundation of scientific, educational and artistic institutes by issuing necessary licenses to private sector.

-Allocating special advantages for the above mentioned institutes.

-Providing non-formal education through radio and television programs.

B. Resources

- Public and private sector resources

- Radio and television


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