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   Kiribati
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Of the country’s population 38% is urban (South Tarawa and Kiritimati) and 62% rural (the outer islands). The distribution of schools in the urban-rural category is 14%-86% (Table 4). This is seen as a fair distribution when matched with the relative urban-rural population. All schools in the urban centers and 85% in the rural areas offer the full primary range of classes 1-9. Classes 1-7 are to be found only in the rural areas (15% of rural schools).

 

1990

1993

1995

1998

Primary Population

17,489

19,222

20,472

20,798

Gross Enrolment

Ratio %

14,689

84

16,316

84.9

17,108

83.6

17,557

84.4

Urban

Ratio %

3,3000

22

6,013

36.8

6,400

37

7,422

42

Rural

Ratio %

11,389

78

10,303

63.2

10,708

63

10,135

58

Net Enrolment

Ratio %

14,191

81.1

15,931

82.9

16,836

82.24

14,714

70.74

Urban

Ratio %

3,224

18.4

5,977

31.1

6,377

31.1

5,825

28.0

Rural

10,967

62.7

9,954

51.8

6,377

51.1

8,889

60.4

Primary Children Not enrolled

Ratio

2,800

 

16,01

2,906

 

15.12

3,364

 

16.43

2,409

 

15.90

Overage Primary Children in School

170

141

112

1894

Urban

Rural

31

139

12

129

8

104

1,088

806

Underage primary children in School

328

244

160

949

Urban

Rural

45

283

24

220

15

145

509

440

Table 5: Gross/Net Enrolment Ratios (Urban-Rural, Kiribati)

Source: Ministry of Education, Training and Technology, Tarawa

The national Gross Enrolment Ratio has remained in the eighties over the 1990-1995 period. There is not much difference between the GER and NER for these years either (Table 5). The date on urban and rural school-age population was not available.

However, the figures for the 1990 and 1995 urban and rural primary school enrolment indicate a drift of rural children towards the urban centers, mainly Tarawa. The percentage of total national enrolment in the urban centers increased from 22 to 37 between 1990 and 1995 while the rural enrolment decreased from 78 to 63 percentage. The urban schools continue to attract children from the rural areas, as parents in the rural areas generally perceive urban schools to be best. This contributes to overcrowding in urban classes and multi class teaching in rural schools.

Girls are fairly well represented in primary schools, making about 50% of primary enrolment in 1990 through to 1995. The net enrolment ratio for the girls has risen by one percent to 82% in 1995 (Table 6).

 

1990

1993

1995

1998

Total Enrolment

14,689

16,316

17,108

17,557

Boys

Ratio %

7,345

50

8,256

50.6

8,790

51.3

8,939

51

Girls

Ratio %

7,344

50

8,060

49.4

8,318

48.7

8,618

49

Urban

Ratio %

3,300

22.46

6,013

36.85

6,400

37.4

7,422

42.2

Rural

Ratio %

11,389

77.54

10,303

63.15

10,708

62.6

10,135

57.8

Number of Teachers

514

537

547

720

Number of female teachers

Ratio %

295

 

57

317

 

59

324

 

59

411

 

57

Table 6: Enrolment and Teachers, Kiribati

Ministry of Education, Training and Technology, Tarawa

Similarly, women teachers have remained, on average, 58% of the total primary staff since 1990, increasing steadily from 57% in 1990 to 59% since 1993.

Within the present system of classes 1-7 as representing the greater proportion of primary education and classes 8-9 merely serving as the second-chance phase for moving out to Form 1, a reasonable picture of the efficiency of the system can be derived by looking at the numbers that pass the Common Entrance Examination at the end of class seven, and also the number of passes in the same examination from class 9 which provides a second chance for failures from class 7. This system is of course in the process of being revised to a six-year primary followed by a three-year Junior Secondary from 1997.

 

1990

1993

1995

1998

Attendance

Compulsory

Compulsory

Compulsory

Compulsory

Repetition

Ratio %

85

0.57

73

0.45

68

0.40

3

0.01

Survival rate (Class 1- 6)

87

91

91

99

Enrolment

14,689

16,316

17,108

17,557

 

1990

1993

1995

1998

  Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female
Expected to complete

(Class 1-6)

Urban

Rural

957

 

 

 

 

193

764

930

 

 

 

 

156

774

997

 

 

 

 

213

78

1005

 

 

 

 

227

778

1115

 

 

 

 

233

882

1080

 

 

 

 

247

833

1174

 

 

 

 

506

668

1068

 

 

 

 

457

611

Completing Schools

Urban

Rural

833

 

196

637

813

 

189

624

918

 

373

545

908

 

341

567

1007

 

453

554

1003

 

432

571

1095

 

511

584

1028

 

510

538

Percentage Completing

Urban

Rural

87

 

101.6

83.4

87

 

121.2

80.6

92

 

175

69.5

90

 

150.2

72.9

90

 

194.1

62.81

93

 

174.9

68.6

99

 

101.0

87.4

89

 

111.6

88.1

Table 7: Attendance, Repetition and Survival Rates, Kiribati

Source: Ministry of Education, Training and Technology, Tarawa

The survival rate for classes 1-6 has increased from 87% in 1990 to 91% in 1995 (Table 7). However, of those sitting for the CEE, about 70% pass it successfully. Although the pass rates in the three successive examinations, namely CEE, JSC and KNC, are fairly stable at around 71%, 74% and 49%, the total number of students who actually move up the ladder decrease by an average rate of 30%, 26% and 51% at each of the external examinations respectively. In other words, only about 25% of a given cohort of students would reach Form six and appear for the Pacific Secondary Senior Examination. Of these only about 8% finally reach the top of the secondary level, Form 7

  1990 1993 1995 1998
Environment 14,709 16,316 17,106 18,277
% Female n/a 49.4 48.7 49.6
Number of Schools 104 92 105 88
Number of Schools 514 537 547 720
Pupil: Teacher Ratio 28.6 30.4 31.3 24.3

Table 8: Basic Education Trends, 1980-1993.

Source: Ministry of Education, Training and Technology, Tarawa


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