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Table (48)

Distribution of public schools according to the number of students and the region for 1998/1999

Region

Less than 50

99-50

-100

149

-150

199

-200

399

-400

599

-600

799

-800

999

More than 1000

Total

West bank

31

48

62

82

374

290

108

30

5

1030

Gaza strip

0

2

0

0

7

36

52

50

53

200

Total

31

50

62

82

381

326

160

80

58

1230

Source: Education database/ Department of Information and Studies – Census service.

Large size schools have several advantages since it is easier to provide highly skilled and well-trained teachers, teaching materials, laboratories, school libraries, as well as other various services.

7- Status of public schools buildings (and Jerusalem schools). A great number of public schools don’t have the minimum in terms of decent school buildings, especially the rented ones. The average of rented public schools is 42 %, private ones 34% and the Agency’s 44%

According to census, 38,3% of Jerusalem schools are rented, and the Islamic endowments are working together with Palestinian civil society in order to solve the problem of narrow classrooms in Jerusalem by extending the existing schools and renting buildings to transform them into schools, though they don’t fit the norms. It seems that there is no clear solution for the schools problem in Jerusalem, since Israel is still holding them, and is competing with the civil society and the endowments on the remaining land and on appropriate buildings for schools.

8- Building and maintaining schools.

The Ministry has been active in building, eliminating and maintaining schools as well as sanitation units. It also contributed to extending the existing schools and building play fields. The lack of schools is being compensated – regardless of the monitoring authority – by:

  1. New schools that are being built
  2. New schools separated from main buildings
  3. Schools that are being transformed into two period schools with two separate administrations.
  4. Schools that are being acquired and/or rented.

Table (49)

Works undertaken regarding school buildings in the West Bank and Gaza strip during 1998/1994

Region

New Schools

Classrooms

Other rooms

Sanitary units

Play fields

Cost/$

 

 

 

Palestine

70

1598

233

79

84

146

82

65,216.3

West bank

36

309

233

22

84

57

- -

18,894.2

Gaza strip

34

1289

- -

57

- -

89

82

46,322.1

Source: Ministry of Education/General Administration for Buildings and Projects

The Ministry is renting buildings to face the flow of new entrants at the beginning of every school year because of the lack of new school buildings, however it has a five-year plan according to which more than 9000 classrooms would have been built by the year 2004.

Table (50)

Projects under study and execution in the West Bank and Gaza strip

Region

New schools

Classrooms

 

 

 

 

 

Palestine

55

244

100

2

4

642,03.2

West bank

36

118

100

2

4

34,639.2

Gaza strip

19

126

 

 

 

29,564

Source: Ministry of Education/General Administration for buildings and projects.

There are 55 schools under execution, 36 in the West Bank and 19 schools in Gaza.

9- Distribution of public school buildings according to the type of ownership

Public schools buildings belong to the Government, some others belong to the municipalities, education committees and various other institutions and associations. In addition, some school buildings are rented against very symbolic rents by education committees, by the Agency or by the Private sector, some schools are partly owned and rented.

Table (51)

Distribution of public schools according to the type of ownership and to the region in 1995/1996 – 1997/1998

Region

97/96

98/97

99/98

owned

rented

Owned/rented

owned

rented

Owned/rented

owned

rented

Owned/rented

West bank

790

110

46

786

118

86

847

119

64

Gaza strip

167

0

0

185

-

-

194

-

1

Total

957

110

46

971

118

86

1046

119

65

Source: idem to the last one

As shown in the table, the Ministry owns about 83,5% of the whole West Bank schools (1996 – 1997) and all the public school buildings of the Gaza strip. The number of schools that belong to the Ministry in the West Bank decreased to 79,4% of the total schools there in 1997/1998 and to 82,2% in 1998/1999, while the number of totally rented schools in the West Bank remained as it is. This is due to the increasing activity of the civil society in Education.

10- School facilities

65% of public schools do not have any kind of vital facilities like rooms designed for school libraries, laboratories, housekeeping, computers, canteens, the administration, and the teachers as well as others. Vital facilities that exist in some remaining schools are in a very bad status. The following table shows public schools with non-classroom facilities.

Table (52)

Number of public schools that contain non-classroom facilities in 1998/1999

Region

No.

Admi-nistration

teachers

services

library

labs

canteen

sports

Cfce room

West bank

1030

90.6

85.1

19.6

31.2

34.5

53.1

23.4

6.1

Gaza strip

200

99.0

93.0

24.9

57.0

66.0

82.5

27.0

3.5

Total

1230

92.0

86.3

20.4

35.4

40.0

57.9

24.0

5.7

Source: Education database/Administration for Planning and Educational Development

It’s worth noting that school libraries have been reactivated at the beginning of the second period. The average number of public schools whose libraries contain less than 100 books represents 13,2% of the total public schools, the Agency’s schools 9,6% private schools 39,9%. The average number of public schools whose libraries contain more than 1000 books represents 37,7%, the Agency’s schools 76,3%, private schools 30,3%. 30% of the schools contain rooms designed for libraries; 27,1% are in the West Bank and 45,4% in the Gaza Strip for the year 1996/1997; 38,6% of the Palestinian schools own rooms designed for libraries, 34,1% are in the West Bank and 62,2% in the Gaza strip. The average number of public schools provided with a conference room is less than 6,3% of the total schools, and less than 54,3% are provided with canteens.

11- Teaching Materials

The application of modern teaching materials is confronted to many problems, like educational problems as well as socio-economic ones. The educational problems consist in the absence of equally provided programs of modern teaching materials to all the educational institutions; but also in the reluctance of teachers to participate in making the required changes. Social problems consist in the slow action of the society in contributing to social change. While the economic problems consist in the high costs of modern teaching materials. The main problem is related to the optimum use by teachers of the materials available in some schools. For instance, in Palestinian schools, a student can have access to computer devices for not more than 300 minutes per week (equipment are not sufficient). But this percentage is likely to increase with the intensive and increasing training of teachers, and this is what the Ministry is seeking to realize.

Table (53)

Schools provided with some teaching materials, according to the region in 1998/1999

Type of the materials

Percentage of schools provided with teaching materials

 

West bank %

Gaza strip %

Total

Computer labs

17.9

35.5

20.7

Television

46.7

14.0

41.4

Video

45.0

13.0

39.8

Projector

59.6

35.5

55.7

Microscope

72.6

64.0

71.2

Slide projector

28.3

10.0

25.3

Film displaying Machine

8.5

0.5

7.2

Cassette Deck

96.5

92.5

95.9

Overhead projector

22.5

.80

20.2

Human body Shape

22.9

4.0

19.8

 

32.1

12.5

28.9

Source: Education database/Administration for planning and Educational Development



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