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Education Indicators of Education For All in Saoudi Arabia

The general guidelines set by the International Consultative Forum on Education for All determined 18 indicators that can be used to describe or measure the main components of basic education. Here is a description of the results of these indicators as it is shown in the education statistics in Saoudi Arabia.

Indicator number [1]

General enrollment in the early childhood development programs:

The chart number 9 that includes data about enrollment in early childhood programs for the year 1410-1411h. (1990) Reveals the following:

Chart number [9]

Evolution of the General Enrollment in the early childhood programs*

For the years 1410-1411h. and 1419-1420h. (1990-1999)

     

Enrollment

 

Population

 

Gender

Year

Data

Total

Preprimary educational

 

Other

3 - 5 formal age

 

equality

indicator

     

programs

programs

category

   
 

Total

36575

33815

2760

1001817

3.7

0.9

1990

males

19617

18162

1455

514820

3.8

 
 

females

16958

15653

1305

486667

3.5

 
 

Total

103001

93481

9520

192902

8.6

0.9

1999

males

55629

50034

5595

595925

9.3

 
 

Females

47372

43447

3925

596977

7.9

 

Figure ( 1 )

Evaluation of total enrollment in early childhood programs

1990 - 1999

10                        
9                        
                         
8                        
7                        
6                        
5                        
4                        
3                        
2                        
1                        
0                        

Males

Females

Total

  1990
  1999

*Saoudis only (3 to 5)

programs presented by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs within the framework of social care programs

Indicator number [2]

Percentage of students enrolled in first primary grade and who participated in one of the programs for early childhood development:

The data in chart number 10 about new entrants for the year 1990 show the following:

Chart number [10]

Percentage of newly enrolled in first primary grade

And who participated in the early childhood development programs

For the years 1410-1411h. and 1419-1420h. (1990-1999)

   

New

entrants in first primary grade

Nb of those

Percentage

 

 

Year

 

Data

 

Total

 

Govermental

Non govermental

with early childhood

over new

entrants

 

Gender

       

( private )

development programs experience

 

equality

indicator

 

Total

301743

290333

11410

32155

10.7

0.9

1990

males

166539

6097

17912

11.0

3.8

 
 

females

139107

133794

5313

14243

10.2

 
 

Total

328426

306930

21496

70425

21.4

.08

1999

males

168916

155742

13171

40847

24.2

 
 

females

159510

151188

8322

29578

18.5

 

 

Figure ( 2 )

Percentage of the new entrants who participated in the early chlidhood development programs

1990 - 1999

30                        
                         
25                        
22                        
                         
20                        
                         
15                        
                         
11                        
10.5                        
10                        
                         
5                        
                         
0                        

Males

Females

Total

 

  1990
  1999

Indicators number [3] and [4]

General and Net Enrollment Rate in primary education

General enrollment rate:

Data in chart number 11 about 1419-1420h. (1990) indicate that the Apparent Enrollment Rate is 97% of the total number of enrolled, males and females, while AER for boys reached 101.3% and 92.4% for girls. The increase in the enrollment rates in 1990 was due to dynamic enrollment policies through spreading schools and the educational service attaining all residential areas in the Kingdom.

Net enrollment rate:

The chart number 11 contains data for the year 1999. They indicate an improvement in the NER for girls from 71.4% in 1990 to 75.2% now. This reveals the increase in the number of six-year-old girls enrolling in primary education. This improvement is an assertion of the efforts undertaken in this field especially by the State.

The data about the year 1999 indicate that the NER in the non governmental sector are of 95.5% of the total number of enrolled in comparison with 81.7% in the governmental educational institutions. For males, the rate was 93.5% in the non-governmental sector and 83% in the governmental education, while the rate was the same in both sectors for females (80.1% and 81.1%).

Gender Equality Indicator:

The chart shows that the gender equality indicator for the years 1419-1420h. (1998-1999) reached 0.9 in comparison with 0.8 in 1410-1411h. (1990). This high rate confirms that the efforts undertaken in the childhood care programs are equally distributed to males and females and also shows that the gap between males’ education and females’ education has narrowed considerably. The gender equality indicator is expected to narrow down even more in the coming years.

Data in the chart indicate that the newly enrolled of all ages represent 7% in the non-governmental sector and 93% for the governmental sector. This is a confirmation of the State’s commitment to provide free education that is available for all social categories and to support the efforts of the non governmental sector as a way to improve competition between the two sectors for a better education quality.

Chart number [11]

Evolution of the apparent and net enrollment rates in primary education

For the years 1410-1411h. and 1419-1420h. (1990-1999)

   

New entrants of all ages

New entrants of enrollment ages

Population

    Gender equality indicator

Year

 

Data

Total

Govermental

Non Govermental

Total

Govermental

Non Govermetal

of enrollment age

AIR

NIR

NIR

AIR

 

Total

301743

290333

11410

252601

241300

11301

311014

97

81.2

59

0.8

1990

Males

162636

156639

6097

145111

139066

6054

160483

101.3

90.4

   
 

Females

139107

133794

5313

107490

102234

5256

150531

92.4

71.4

   
 

Total

328426

206930

214496

304266

186299

18105

375566

87.4

81

0.9

0.9

1999

Males

168916

155742

13174

163249

150155

13094

187925

89.9

86.9

   
 

Females

159510

151188

8322

141017

136006

5011

187641

85

75.2

   

 

Figure ( 3 )

Evaluation of AIR in primary education

1990 - 1999

100                        
                         
90                        
                         
80                        
                         
70                        
                         
60                        
                         
50                        
                         
40                        
                         
30                        
                         
20                        
                         
10                        
                         
0                        

Males

Females

Total


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