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   Saudi Arabia
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  1990
  1999

Figure (4 )

Evaluation of NIR in primary education

1990 - 1999

100                        
                         
90                        
                         
80                        
                         
70                        
                         
60                        
                         
50                        
                         
40                        
                         
30                        
                         
20                        
                         
10                        
                         
0                        

Males

Females

Total

Indicators number [5] and [6]

General and net enrollment rates in primary education

Primary education is the basis of knowledge building for children and an important factor for improving the teachers’ cultural and social situation. Primary stage covers the first primary grade to the sixth primary grade. Chart number 12 contains the indicators for the academic years 1410-1411h. (1990) and 1419-1420h. (1999) of the general and net enrollment rates for this stage.

The statistical data for the year 1990 reveal the following:

The general enrollment rate for males and females in the Kingdom is 86% for 1990. This rate represents the general level of participation in primary education and the capacity at this stage to admit those who are above the official age or under it for the primary stage (6 to 11). The gender equality indicator is 0.9.

The net enrollment rate is the reality of participation in primary education. The net enrollment rate for males and females in the Kingdom is 64.4% for 1990. The gender equality indicator is 0.8.

Data about general and net enrollment rates in 1999 indicate the following:

If we review the evolution of the general enrollment rate in primary education during the last ten years, we notice that some efforts were undertaken to improve the enrollment rate in primary stage. The general enrollment of all ages and for males and females represented 92.2% of the total of enrolled with an improvement rate of 6.2% in comparison with 1990. The males’ enrollment rate reached 96.6% with a 6.7 point increase while females recorded 90% in comparison with 81.3% in 1990, with an increase of 9.7%. the enrollment rate growth for females is superior by 4 points that of males. This is a proof of the efforts undertaken to improve the general enrollment rates for females.

The data in the chart indicate a considerable increase in the net enrollment rates for males and females in general. They reached 76.3% in 1999 for the age category of 6-11 in comparison with 64.8% in 1990, with an increase of 12%. The net enrollment growth for females reached 73.5% in 1999 with an increase of 10.6%. The net enrollment rate grew by 5.4% and reached 81% in 1999.

The gender equality coefficient indicates 0.9 for the general and net enrollment for the year 1999. The gender equality indicator for the net enrollment rate witnessed a considerable improvement in 1999; it reached 0.9 against 0.8 in 1990. This is an indication of the decrease in the gap between males’ education and females’ education. This coefficient also reveals that the educational policies in the Kingdom succeeded in encouraging all the social categories to enroll in education and facilitate the necessary means.

Chart number [12]

Evolution of the general and net enrollment rates in primary education

For the years 1410-1411h. and 1419-1429h. (1990-1999)

   

Total of enrollement of all ages

Enrollment of those of primary education age

Population of

official primary

    Gender equality indicator

Year

 

Data

Total

Governmental

Non Governmental

Total

Governmental

Non Governmental

education age

GER

NER

GER

NER

 

Total

1487395

1446348

41047

1111897

1072306

39591

1130395

86

64.3

0.9

0.8

1990

Males

813595

790700

22895

672598

650491

22137

901698

90.2

74.6

   
 

Females

673791

655639

18152

516915

499461

17454

828697

81.3

62.4

   
 

Total

1955795

1869155

96640

1618954

1526828

92126

2121723

92.2

76.3

0.9

0.9

1999

Males

1034875

977385

57490

864687

810930

53757

1068159

96.9

81.0

   
 

Females

948158

910669

37489

769481

739469

30012

1053564

90

73

   

 

Figure ( 5 )

Evaluation of GER in primary education

1990 - 1999

100                        
                         
95                        
92                        
90                        
                         
85                        
                         
80                        
                         
75                        
                         
70                        

Males

Females

Total

 

Figure (6 )

Evaluation of NER in primary education

1990 - 1999

90                        
                         
80                        
                         
70                        
                         
60                        
                         
50                        
                         
40                        
                         
30                        
                         
20                        
                         
10                        
                         
0                        

Males

Females

Total

 

  1990
  1999

Indicators number [7] and [8]

Public expenditures on primary education as a percentage of the GDP and as a percentage of the total expenditures on education / the current public expenditures on primary education as a percentage of the GDP per capita.

The data of the chart number 13 indicate that expenditures on education in the Kingdom in general is a top priority for the Government and that the State consecrates a big share of their budget to achieve their educational and development goals. The total current expenditures on education in 1990 were about 25 billion Saoudi ryals. The primary education share was 12.7 billion ryals (49.8%), which represents 3.2% of the GDP.

The expenditures on primary education per student represented 30% of the GDP.

The data shown in chart number 13 reveal a sustainable growth in the education share of the finance in general. In 1998, it was 45.6 billion ryals with a 48% growth. Primary education received in 1999 30 billion ryals in credit, which corresponds to an increase by 79% over the 1990 share.

The expenditures on primary education in 1999 represent 4.1% of the GDP, with a 28% increase over the 1990 figures.


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