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PART IV

1. POLICIES FOR THE FUTURE

We believe that reforms are inevitable in all sectors and at all levels of our education system, if we are to become a leading contributor to contemporary civilization, as Atatürk, our great leader, has designated as one of our national goals. The fast pace of change and development in today’s world, with its strong globalization trends, affects job contents, occupational areas and approaches to education and training. The approach to education involving formal grades is leaving its place to the approach involving identification of new disciplines.

In this context, today’s contemporary education consists of three fundamental steps:

BASIC EDUCATION INCLUDES PRE-SCHOOL AND PRIMARY EDUCATION STAGES AND IS AN INDISPENSIBLE PRE-REQUISITE
SECONDARY AND TERTIARY EDUCATION TO ASSURE ADAPTATION TO FREQUENT AND SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN OCCUPATIONAL AREAS, WITH THE TARGET POPULATION BEING THE ENTIRE SOCIETY
CONTINUOUS EDUCATION ASSURING EFFECTIVE, EFFICIENT AND CONTINOUS PARTICIPATION OF INDUSTRY, GEARED TO IMPARTING NEW OCCUPATIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS AS REQUIRED BY THE EMPLOYMENT TRENDS

The first and foremost step in this reform is basic education, currently the top item in our Ministry’s agenda. 1996-2000 Five year Plan reads, in its section on "Legal and Institutional Arrangements", that "transition to eight year compulsory education is targeted". It was stressed in the 15th National Education Council that "our country having achieved compulsory five-year basic education, the Basic National Education Law No: 1739 of 1973 also stipulates inclusion of secondary school education in the scope of compulsory education, thereby realizing transition to eight year compulsory basic education". Furthermore, the Program of the 55th Government as well adopts the same approach to basic education and provides guidelines for the Ministry of National Education. The first and most crucial item of business executed by the 55th Government in the area of education has been to lead the way in legislating Act No: 4306 and put under implementation the CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION YEAR 2000 PROJECT.

2. WORK PLANNED

  1. Oral exams for selecting assistant inspectors of primary education are to be held on January 26-28,2000. Appointments to provinces are to be made by drawing lots.
  2. Pupils’ textbooks, pupils’ exercise books and teachers’ guidebooks are being written in nine provinces. Once written, these books are to be reviewed and revised by the relevant commissions, before they are ready for printing. In-service training will be given to inspectors’ of primary education to help introduce the new education materials to teachers and school administrators and assure that methods of active learning are used.
  3. Targets of Contemporary Education Year 2000 Project:
    1. Opening "Information Technology Classrooms" in all primary education schools, with priority being given to schools in provincial and district centers.
    2. Assuring that the primary education pupils as well as teachers and administrators become computer-literate.
    3. Completing and putting in service the software for transition to computer-aided education.
    4. Delivering computer literacy training to primary education inspectors in February through March 2000.
    5. Delivering computer literacy training to 3000 teachers in July through August, 2000.
    6. Developing physical facilities to ensure 100 percent of the primary education age group by 2000 and classroom size of 30 pupils.
  1. Work is being contemplated in connection with organizing In-Service Training Courses related to problems encountered in implementation.
  2. Transactions are to be carried out in connection with "Primary Education Week" celebrations for the academic year 1999-2000.
  3. Works of art by primary education pupils are to be put on exhibition on the occasion of October 29 the Republican Holiday.
  4. Work and transactions logged in the 1999-2000 Work Calendar is to be carried out.
  5. Provincial Governors have been asked to furnish data on number of classrooms that would be completed in 1999. This data is to be evaluated to assess progress towards the target of "30 pupils in a classroom", as set forth by the Contemporary Education Year 2000 Project, in line with the spirit of Law No: 4306.
  6. Work has started on "2001-2010 Education Planing ", which would constitute the basis for the formation of a contemporary primary education infrastructure, up to universal standards, along the lines of the 15th National Education Council recommendation for "increasing compulsory primary education to 11 years".
  7. A project is to be developed and implemented to have the pupils at YIBO and PIO benefit from the atelier at vocational and technical high schools, in order to introduce them to occupations and prepare them for possible employment after graduation.
  8. School managers and assistant managers are to be provided with in-service training in order to increase quality and efficiency in school management.
  9. Primary education programs regulation books and teachers’ guide books in print are to be distributed to schools and classrooms.
  10. Regulations on bussing in primary education is to be prepared and put in effect.
  11. Grade teachers are to be provided with courses in language instruction in order to assure that primary education pupils learn at least one foreign language.
  12. Plans are to be developed for:
    1. Renovating 178 village schools in Sirnak, Mardin, Van, Bitlis, and Hakkari.
    2. Installing "Information Technology Classrooms" in all primary education schools by 2000.
  1. Primary education inspectors who had previously received training for promoting active methods of learning and newly prepared education materials will be organizing occupational training activities for all primary education school administrators and teachers, countrywide on 1-through-15 September, 1999.
  2. Administrators and teachers of primary education schools where computer laboratories are to be installed will be provided with training in use of computers. There will be at least one trainers’ trainer for each school.
  3. The project for having pupils at YIBO and PIO recognize the various occupations and get prepared for further education or employment will be put under implementation, assuring that these pupils are better prepared for life after graduation.
  4. A 10-year plan (2000-2010) will be prepared in connection with increasing the duration of compulsory education to 11 years.

In conclusion, with considerable distance having been taken in physical infrastructure to support eight-year continuous compulsory primary education, emphasis is now placed on increasing quality of education.

3. TARGETS IN EDUCATION

3.1.The Seventh Five-Year Development Plan.

Education is the top priority sector in this seventh planning period, aiming to catch up with the process of change going on worldwide. An well-educated young population would be Türkiye’s greatest advantage in the 2000s, with respect to both increasing our country’s competitive strength and integration with the European Union.

The targets in the 7th Five-Year Plan are;

3.2. The Fifteenth National Education Council

Recommendations were adopted at the Fifteenth National Education Council, including the following:

3.3 1997-2000 Executive Plan

This plan includes the following targets:

3.4. Education Master Plan (1996-2010)

The Education Master Plan, based on the 15th National Education Council and the 7th Five Year Plan, includes the following activities and targets over a 15-year horizon:

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