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The findings > Applying new technologies in basic education>Summary
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CONTENTS

Executive summary

SECTION 1: GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1 1.1 Principles

1.2 Defining terms

1.3 Limits and methodology

1.4 Structure of the report

SECTION 2: OVERVIEW OF STATE OF DEVELOPMENT 1990

2.1 Alternative institutions

2.2 Raising school quality

2.3 Adult education and extension

2.4 Teacher education

2.5 Open Universities and basic education

2.6 Computers

2.7 The specialised agencies

2.8 Conclusion

SECTION 3: SOCIAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND OPPORTUNITIES 1990-2000

3.1 Global trends in education

3.2 Trends affecting choice of technology

3.2.1 The development towards digitisation

3.2.2 Media liberalisation and fragmentation

3.2.3 Participatory methodologies in development communication

3.2.4 Mainstream status of open and distance learning

3.3 Technologies and their application

3.4 Computers

3.4.1 Rationales for the use of computers

3.4.2 Strategies for getting access

3.4.3 The Internet for professional support

3.5 Broadcasting

3.5.1 Direct class teaching: Interactive radio instruction

3.5.2 Schools broadcasting

3.5.3 Non-formal children's programming

3.6 New technologies and distance education

3.7 Summary

SECTION 4: AUDIENCES AND PROGRAMMES

4.1 Children and adolescents in school

4.1.1 Computers

4.1.2 Educational technologies in the classroom

4.1.3 Broadcasting

4.2 Out-of-school children and adolescents

4.2.1 Alternative secondary systems

4.2.2 Community based approaches

4.2.3 Mass media health campaigning

4 4.3 Marginalised children and adolescents

4.3.1 Computers

4.3.2 Broadcasting and distance education

4.3.3 Outreach activities

4.4 Adult basic education

4.4.1 Information and communication technologies

4.4.2 Broadcasting

4.4.3 Distance education

4.5 Intermediaries: teachers

4.5.1 Course-based teacher education

4.5.2 Resource-based teacher education

4.5.3 Conclusion

4.6 Intermediaries: health workers

4.6.1 ICT in health education and access to health resources

4.6.2 Broadcasting

4.6.3 Distance education

4.7 Agricultural extension agents

4.7.1 ICT

4.7.2 Broadcasting

4.7.3 Distance education

4.8 Summary

SECTION 5 ASSESSMENT OF EXPERIENCE

5.1 Outcomes

5.1.1 Access and equity

5.1.2 Raising quality

5.1.3 Curricular change

5.2 Costs

5.2.1 Costs achieved in practice

5.2.2 Technology choice and costs

5.3 Conditions for success

5.3.1 Computers

5.3.2 Broadcasts

5.3.3 Distance education

5.4 Funding arrangements

SECTION 6 PROPOSED LINES OF DEVELOPMENT FOR 2000 - 2010

6.1 Leapfrogging

6.2 Underpinning: the need for policy

6.3 Software, training, evaluation

6.4 Conclusion

References

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