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TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 Introduction
1. The right to education: The Jomtien Declaration
1.1 Questions of ethics
1.2 Questions of general policy and organization
2. Basic educational needs
 
 I. The changes of the decade and their impact on education
  1.1 Disparities and convergences
       1.1.1 Realities and cultural issues
       1.1.2 Political, economic and cultural convergenc
  1.2 Difficulties of transition, difficulties of adjustment
  1.3 Falling demographic pressure: A general trend
  1.4 Some effects of "globalization" on education
       1.4.1 As regards economics
       1.4.2 As regards access to knowledge
       1.4.3 As regards mobility
  1.5 Basic education: A solid base in a changing world
 
 II. Inventory: Access to basic education
  2.1 Recognition of the right to education
  2.1.1 Duration of compulsory education
        2.1.2 Provision of universal access to compulsory education
        2.1.3 Persistent difficulties
  2.2 Compulsory schooling and basic education
        2.2.1 Early childhood and the strengthening of basic education
        2.2.2 Access to higher education: a new dimension of basic education
  2.3 The frontiers of basic education
 
 III. The quest for quality: Strengthening basic education
  3.1 Focusing on the pupil
  3.2 Curricular reforms
  3.3 Ways of managing the system
       3.3.1 Decentralization
       3.3.2 Autonomy and partnership
       3.3.3 Management and evaluation
  3.4 Teacher training
       3.4.1 Improving the standards of primary-school teachers through training
       3.4.2 Courses linked to research in educational science
 
 IV. Persistent Problems
  4.1 The fight against inequality: Compensatory measures
       4.1.1 Positive discrimination
       4.1.2 Targeted actions
  4.2 Basic education and mature students
       4.2.1 The fight against functional illiteracy
       4.2.2 Actions to compensate for a lack of education
  4.3 Decompartmentalized approaches: assistance with partnership
       4.3.1 Enabling different sectors to share in the definition of education policy
       4.3.2 Combining actions for greater effectiveness and better quality
 
 V. Prospects for Action: Capitalising on and sharing Experience
  5.1 Remodelling the expanded vision of basic education
       5.1.1 Power and modernity of the concept of basic education
       5.1.2 Integrating the concept of basic education into national policy
       5.1.3 Objectives to be achieved by the year 2015
       5.1.4 Agendas: objectives, resources and pace of implementation
  5.2 Capitalising and sharing: regional cooperation
  5.3 Capitalising and sharing: cooperation with other regions
       5.3.1 Technical measures
       5.3.2 Financial measures
  5.4 By way of a conclusion: Strengthening the EFA process
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  International Consultative Forum on Education for All, 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France. Tel: (33) 1 45 68 21 27, Fax: (33) 1 45 68 56 29, E-mail: t.murtagh@unesco.org Website: www.education.unesco.org/efa
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