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The EFA 2000 Assessment > To know more > Flash 03/04/1999
 What is it?
    Information note on
country reports
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 Why is it important?
 Who organized it?
Regional EFA teams
National coordinators
 How was it done?
 To know more
  Flash 01/09/1998
Flash 02/09/1998
Flash 04/09/1999
  Many regional technical advisory groups (RTAGs) are expressing their concern about the short deadline of the EFA 2000 Assessment. They are also worried about the technical assistance required to come up with reliable and up-to-date data. To this there is only one thing to say: Keep up the good work but try to work a little faster.
  It is important that RTAGs do their utmost to help countries submit good country EFA reports. These reports are the basic building blocks of the EFA 2000 Assessment and without them the regional and global Assessment cannot be a success.
  Final reports are due in September 1999, and it is from them that will be produced a regional synthesis, and after that a global synthesis. Ahead of the September deadline, many countries are producing draft reports which will be reviewed and improved amongst colleagues at sub-regional workshops in May and June.
  Most countries, it must be said, are already a little late in preparing their reports, and a special effort now needs to be made. At the time of writing, East Asia and the Arab States appear to be way ahead in the reporting process; Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America and South West Asia are now beginning to pick up speed; while Europe and Central Asia have been slowly getting started. We are hoping for a special effort from the world's nine high-population countries.
  It is important to remember that the EFA Assessment is an activity of all countries around the world. It is not a programme of UNESCO, nor even of the Jomtien partner agencies. So there is very much depending on the work being undertaken by governments.
  Countries that have difficulties in meeting the September deadline are encouraged to consult the Suggested Outline for Country EFA Reports, as well as the General and Technical Guidelines published by the EFA Forum Secretariat. The relevant RTAGs must also be asked for special technical assistance. Only together will we succeed in this ambitious exercise.
Warren Mellor Co-ordinator of national and regional EFA 2000 Assessment activities
139 countries in EFA Assessment
  Halfway through the global EFA 2000 Assessment exercise there is reason for optimism, according to Svein Osttveit, Executive Secretary of the Education for All Forum.
  Today, 139 countries have appointed national co-ordinators to design and carry out the assessment of progress made and problems encountered in basic education in the past decade. Moreover, ten regional technical advisory groups (RTAGs) are working hard to co-ordinate regional assessment activities and mobilize resources. "After a slow start the EFA 2000 Assessment is now gaining ground in all regions in the world," says Osttveit.
  He notes, however, that progress is uneven between regions. Nearly all countries in the Arab States, Latin America, the Caribbean, East Asia, and South and Western Asia, and the Pacific have appointed national co-ordinators. This is the case for only half of the countries in Europe, Central Asia, Southern and Eastern Africa and Western and Central Africa.
  The RTAGs are doing a great effort to get all countries involved in this ambitious global exercise. In most regions, the five convenors of the EFA Forum (UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF and the World Bank) take an active part in the RTAGs. They provide financial support, organize workshops and offer technical assistance at country level through mobile teams, local consultants, agency missions, and resource mobilization.
  Several development banks are also involved in the Assessment whereas few non-governmental organizations so far have been involved in the exercise. The EFA Forum has now sent a letter to all RTAGs and national co-ordinators stressing the need to involve more NGOs in the Assessment process.
Regional workshops advise countries
  Most countries are now hastening to complete the first draft of the country EFA reports. But the task is huge and the problems many..
  In the next few months, most RTAGs are organizing regional and sub-regional workshops to inform about the eighteen indicators of the EFA 2000 Assessment, to improve data collection and to discuss draft reports. The workshop will also ensure that the presentation of reports is uniform throughout the region.
  Reports should be presented on paper and in electronic form, preferably with colour covers, tables, graphs and maps. Country reports are due in September 1999.
  Participants in the regional workshops are mainly government appointed national co-ordinators. Governments, which have yet to appoint national assessment teams, will be requested to nominate a participant who will thereafter be appointed national co-ordinator.
EFA 2000 Assessments around the world
  The Pacific
All fourteen countries in the Pacific have appointed national co-ordinators. However, it is not easy to co-ordinate Assessment activities in a region that covers close to 30 per cent of the Earth's surface and is bigger than any other region in the world. The response of the RTAG in the Pacific is a mobile team consisting of two women who support and advice each national team.
  The mobile team started out in Samoa. The usual air route problems in the North meant that the only way to cover Kiribat and the Republic of Marshall Islands without adding another week to their schedule was for the team to separate and do one country each. Then they moved to Tuvalu and Nauru and now they are on their way to the Solomons.
  The aim is to have all draft country reports finished by mid-May for a sub-regional workshop to look at progress and further develop the reports. The workshop will take place from 24 to 26 May 1999.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Apia, Edna Tait P.O. Box 5766, Matautu, Apia, Western Samoa Tel: (685) 24276; Fax: (685) 22253 E-mail:
  Western and Central Africa
So far, only thirteen out of twenty-three countries in this region have appointed national co-ordinators. One of the first activities of the RTAG was to send out an information kit to all countries. A training workshop for all national co-ordinators will take place from 14 to 24 June in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Countries that have not yet appointed co-ordinators will also be invited. The RTAG publishes a bi-monthly newsletter on the EFA 2000 Assessment process in the region.
  Countries with no national Assessment team are Benin, Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO BREDA, Pai Obanya 2 Avenue Roume, BP 3311, Dakar, Senegal Tel: (221) 823 5082, Fax: (221) 823 8393. E-mail:
  Southern and Eastern Africa
Only ten out of twenty-two countries in this region have appointed national co-ordinators. In the last few months focus has been on awareness raising and advocacy to stimulate the appointment of more national co-ordinators. However, the RTAG reports that "with the tension building up in some countries, we might not be able to see them as active partners in the EFA 2000 Assessment". At the technical level the region benefits from the presence of the National Educational Statistics Information System (NESIS) programme that has established teams in almost all countries of the region.
  The aims and activities of the EFA 2000 exercise were discussed at two meetings held in the region in January 1999. With the assistance of UNICEF, directors of planning/statistical offices from most African countries were invited to the annual meeting of the ADEA Working Group on Educational Statistics, as well as to the meeting of the NESIS capacity-building network.
  At present, the RTAG is organizing a number of sub-regional capacity- building workshops to discuss and prepare country EFA reports. From 31 May to 11 June, a regional workshop in Nyanga, Zimbabwe will focus on analysing and presenting collected data. In addition, a number of thematic studies are being prepared, highlighting specific challenges that Africa is facing, in particular the challenge of living with HIV/AIDS.
  Countries with no national EFA 2000 Assessment team are Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles and Somalia.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Harare, K. C Tung P.O. Box HG 435, Highlands, Harare, Zimbabwe Tel: (263) 477 6114, Fax: (263) 477 6055 E-mail:
  The Arab States
Sixteen out of twenty countries in the Arab region have appointed national EFA 2000 Assessment teams. Three sub-regional workshops for national co-ordinators and members of the technical sub-group will be held in May in Rabat (with ISESCO), in Damascus (in collaboration with the Department of Literacy in Syria) and in one of the Gulf countries.
  A workshop, held in late January, gave an indication of the task ahead. Countries came face to face with the fact that education systems in the region are not optimally organized to respond to the assessment's requirements. Their data, to take just one example, are not broken down by gender although this is required for most of the eighteen core indicators, on which the major part of the Assessment is based.
  A case study on the Syrian women's association is planned and Tunisia and Morocco will carry out sample surveys on learning achievement and conditions of teaching and learning.
  Countries with no national EFA 2000 Assessment team are Djibouti, the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates..
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Beirut, Victor Billeh P.O. Box 5244, Cite Sportive Avenue, Beirut, Lebanon Tel: (961) 183 0013, Fax: (961) 182 4854 E-mail:
  South and West Asia
This region consists of nine countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. All except Afghanistan have appointed national Assessment co-ordinators and most of them have established a National Assessment Group as well as a Technical Support Group. Obtaining reliable data for the Assessment is a problem in all countries owing to the lack of effective data gathering. However, countries were working hard to finalize EFA draft reports by the end of April.
  Several countries are also undertaking case studies on subjects relevant to EFA. India is undertaking twenty-two case studies, which will provide more information to interpret the quantitative trends and qualitative development of EFA in each state. A national workshop to review India's draft report was organized in April. Nepal is also undertaking five case studies to enrich its main report. Pakistan and Bangladesh have completed the first draft of their EFA report. A sub-regional meeting to review progress in the region is scheduled for 25-27 May.
  In Afghanistan, UNESCO and UNICEF are trying to find the best method to collect reliable data and information about the situation in this war-torn country. UNDP is providing financial support. The work will probably be commissioned from various NGOs working in Afghanistan.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Delhi, Moegiadi 8 Poorvi Marg, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi 110057, India Tel: (911) 1614 1437. Fax: (911) 1614 3351 E-mail:
  East Asia
The EFA 2000 Assessment is well underway in most of the twelve East Asian countries. National Assessment teams in Cambodia, China, Japan, the People's Democratic Republic Lao, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, the Philippines and Viet Nam expect to complete draft reports by April or May. Assessment activities are slower to take off in Indonesia and Myanmar. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea has nominated a national EFA co-ordinator.
  National Assessment teams have been invited to submit to the RTAG their requests for technical assistance.
  A workshop for national co-ordinators, technical co-ordinators and United Nations agencies active in the Assessment will be held in Bangkok from 17 to 20 May. Countries were asked to send their draft EFA reports to reach UNESCO Bangkok no later than 1 May. An international consultant and the RTAG will review the reports prior to the workshop.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO PROAP, Victor Ordoñez Prakanong Post Office, Box 967, Bangkok 10110, Thailand Tel: (662) 391 8471. Fax: (662) 910 866 E-mail:
  Central Asia
All but one of the nine countries in Central Asia are former states of the Soviet Union. National Assessment groups have been established in Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia and Uzbekistan, where national workshops were held in late March and in the beginning of April.
  A sub-regional workshop is planned to take place in Almaty from 3 to 7 May. Participants from China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Mongolia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Uzbekistan will be trained in order to prepare surveys on conditions of teaching and learning in primary schools in the respective countries.
  Countries with no national EFA 2000 Assessment team are Azerbaijan, Georgia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Almaty, Jorge Sequeira c/o KIMEP, 4 Abaia Avenue, Almaty 408100, Kazakhstan Tel: (732) 7264 0771. Fax: (732) 7264 2661 E-mail:
  Europe and Northern America
The main concern in this region is the countries in Eastern and Central Europe. Today, sixteen out of twenty Central and Eastern European countries have appointed national co-ordinators. However, four countries in the Balkans are affected by war and will face severe problems participating in the exercise.
  Some twelve countries will meet in a sub-regional workshop in Bucharest from 3 to 5 May. The aim is to present and discuss the content of country EFA reports and identify the extent and nature of technical assistance needed by individual countries.
  The RTAG is also trying to boost the participation of countries in Western Europe and North America. Today, only six out of twenty-six countries have appointed national co-ordinators in this sub-region.
  Countries with no national Assessment team are Andorra, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Norway, Portugal, the Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States and Yugoslavia.
  Regional Co-ordinator: EFA Forum Secretariat UNESCO Paris, 7, Place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France Tel: (33) 1 4568 0835. Fax: (33) 1 4568 5629 E-mail:
  Latin America
All countries but one (Panama) have appointed national Assessment teams and draft country reports will be presented and analysed at three sub-regional workshops scheduled for late June. In order to facilitate data collection and avoid overlap, all countries have received a package of data on education, collected by Latin American Laboratory of Assessment of Quality in Education.
  Sub-regional workshops will take place in Mexico City for the Central American region (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Cuba and the Dominican Republic), in Santiago for the MERCOSUR region (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay) and in Bogota or Quito for the Andean region (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela).
  UNESCO Santiago is co-ordinating one case study on non-formal early childhood education in Cuba and another one on adult literacy in Guatemala. Brazil is undertaking three case studies on education for street children, an educational programme for poor children and students with special needs.
  An inter-agency technical sub-group has been formed in order to formulate the objectives, agenda and methodology of the sub-regional workshops and plan the strategy for the preparation of the regional EFA meeting in Latin America.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO OREALC, Ana Luiza Machado Pinheiro Enrique Delpiano 2058, Casilla, 3187 Santiago, Chile Tel: (562) 655 1050. Fax: (562) 655 1046 E-mail:
  The Caribbean
All twenty-two countries in this region have appointed national co-ordinators. A three-day workshop was organized in the beginning of March and all but one country were represented. A set of Caribbean-Specific Guidelines was developed. The purpose of these guidelines is to clarify the Guidelines provided by the EFA Forum and to invite Caribbean countries to highlight specific areas where data is scarce such as early childhood, literacy, non-formal education, health and the use of media. The countries also agreed on the structure and format of the country EFA reports, and decided to conduct six regional case studies on non-formal education, as well as a thematic monograph series.
  The workshop revealed that the greatest support needed by countries is more human resources for data collection, statistical analysis, report writing, and coverage of non-formal education and early childhood. A list of the specific needs expressed by each country was made.
  Regional Co-ordinator: UNESCO Kingston, Claudia Harvey P.O. Box 8203, Kingston 5, Jamaica Tel: (187) 6929 7087. Fax: (187) 6929 8468 E-mail:
  Planning of regional EFA meetings
Regional EFA meetings are planned to take place all over the world between November 1999 and February 2000. These meetings will be organized by the RTAGs and will review statistical evidence from country EFA reports and look at challenges in the years to come. They will also formulate educational priorities and strategies and present "best practices"..
  The regional EFA meetings should first of all help to motivate decision-makers and come forward with new commitments and ideas to accelerate the EFA process. The meetings will also serve as a main input to the World Education Forum in April 2000.
  The EFA Forum Secretariat has asked RTAGs to decide on a venue, dates, a provisional agenda, a list of invitees and financing requirements before the end of May 1999.
  The technical advisory group (TAG), established last year to advise the EFA Forum Secretariat on the EFA 2000 Assessment, will meet from 12 to 13 July 1999 to discuss the agenda of the regional EFA meetings. It will also take stock of the EFA 2000 Assessment and decide if specific action is needed. Members of the TAG are staff of UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF and the World Bank..
  EFA Forum Steering Committee meets The Steering Committee of the EFA Forum will hold its next meeting at UNESCO headquarters in Paris from 7 to 8 June 1999. Main items on the agenda are the status of the global EFA 2000 Assessment, the regional EFA meetings to take place from November 1999 to February 2000, and the World Education Forum planned for the last week of April 2000. The meeting will also discuss the future of the EFA movement..
  The Management Group of the Steering Committee will meet on 9 June 1999 to discuss the financial implications of the EFA 2000 Assessment activities.
Staff members of the EFA Forum Secretariat:
Executive Secretary:
Michael Lakin

Deputy Executive Secretaries:
Svein Osttveit, Ulrika Peppler Barry

Information Officer:
Anne Müller

Mary Konin
Assessment co-ordination:
Warren Mellor (country assessment)
Vinayagum Chinapah (special surveys)
The Education for All Newsflash is published by the Secretariat of the International Consultative Forum on Education for All (EFA Forum). It is a special information service for professionals involved in the worldwide EFA 2000 Assessment (1998-2000). The assessment is a major activity in the follow-up of the 1990 World Conference on Education for All.

Editor: Anne Müller

Contact: The EFA Forum Secretariat, UNESCO, 7, Place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France.

Fax: (33) 1 4568 5629; E-mail: Internet homepage:
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