Thanks to a global, integrated approach in which nature meets culture, the past meets the present, the monumental and movable heritage meets the intangible, the protection of cultural heritage, as an expression of living culture, contributes to the development of societies and the building of peace.
By virtue of its multifarious origins and the various influences that have shaped it throughout history, cultural heritage takes different tangible and intangible forms, all of which are invaluable for cultural diversity as the wellspring of wealth and creativity.
Fragile and threatened by natural disasters, man-made conflicts, theft and plundering, cultural heritage is losing its meaning and its transmission to future generations is uncertain. For this reason, the protection and preservation of heritage for future generations constitute ethical imperatives backed up by a series of normative instruments, which have been reinforced by the principle of collective responsibility since the emergence of the notion of world heritage.
Diversity constitutes the very essence of the different types of heritage – be they monumental, movable, intangible or world heritage. As symbolic spaces for sharing, they provide the most suitable common ground for the promotion of mutual understanding and enrichment between cultures.