Joined UNESCO: 04/11/1946

Head of State and/or Government

Presidente de la República: Excmo. Sr. Don Andrés Manuel LOPEZ OBRADOR

Permanent Delegation to UNESCO

H. E. Mr Federico Salas Lotfe
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Delegate (23/01/2018)

Permanent Delegation of Mexico to UNESCO
Maison de l'UNESCO Bureaux B13.31 à B13.39 1, rue Miollis 75732 PARIS Cedex 15

National Commission for UNESCO

Presidente: Excmo. Sr. D. Esteban MOCTEZUMA BARRAGÁN

Secrétaire générale: Mme. María Edith Bernáldez Reyes

Secretario General Adjunto: Lic. Agustín Suárez Ortega

Secretario Técnico: Licenciado Mauricio Yáñez Bernal

Comision Mexicana de Cooperacion con la UNESCO - CONALMEX
Dirección General de Relaciones Internacionales Donceles No. 100,1° piso, Puerta de cristal, Col. Centro, Delegación Cuauhtémoc C.P.06010, Ciudad de México MEXICO, D.F. Mexico
(+52) 55 3600 4600 Ext. 62921
(52) 55 3600 4634
benito.miron(a);agustin.suarez(a); conalmex(a); mauricio(a)
Web site

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Representation in the Executive Board

The 1991 amendment modified Article V of the Constitution, regarding the status of members of the Board. From the 27th session of the General Conference (1993), the Executive Board consists of Member States rather than of persons (26 C/Resolution 19.3).
Title Name Years Sessions
MemberMr Manuel Martínez Báez1946-19501-21
MemberMr Antonio Castro Leal1950-195422-39
MemberMr Pedro de Alba1958-196053-57
MemberMr Silvio Zavala1960-196657-74
MemberMr Manuel Alcalá1968-197181-87
MemberMr Francisco Cuevas Cancino1971-197487-95
MemberMr Victor Bravo Ahuja1976-1977101-103
MemberMr Porfirio Muñoz Ledo1977102-103
MemberMr Luis Echeverría1977-1980103-110
MemberMr Jesús Reyes Heroles1983-1985118-120
MemberMr Miguel González Avelar1985-1987121-127
MemberMr Manuel Bartlett Diaz1989-1992133-199
MemberMr Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon1992-1993139-142

Participation in subsidiary organs

Organs elected by the General Conference

Executive Board
Member (Term expires : 2019)
International Coordinating Council of the Programme on Man and the Biosphere
Member (Term expires : 41st General Conference)
Intergovernmental Committee for Physical Education and Sport
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)
Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Country of Origin or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation
Member (Term expires : 41st General Conference)
Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)
Governing Board of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Members designated by UNESCO's Director-General : Ms Annette SANTOS DEL REAL (Term expires : 31 December 2021)

Other intergovernmental organs

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Councils of UNESCO's Institutes and Centres

Governing Board of the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (former UNESCO Institute for Education, UIE)
Member : Ms Sylvia ORTEGA SALAZAR

Addresses delivered in the general policy debate by the Head of Delegation at the General Conference

37 session of the General Conference

His Excellency, Mr Emilio Chuayffet Chemor, Minister of Education of Mexico

Speech delivered during the General Policy Debate of the 37th session of the General Conference - revised and corrected version of the verbatim records of plenary meetings

37 session of the General Conference

Mr Juan Manuel Gomez-Robledo, Vice-Minister for Multilateral Affairs of Mexico

Speech delivered during the General Policy Debate of the 37th session of the General Conference - revised and corrected version of the verbatim records of plenary meetings

36 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Mario Chacon, Ambassador and Secretary General of the National Commission to UNESCO

Speech delivered during the General Policy Debate of the 36th session of the General Conference and posted as received

35 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Alonso Lujambio Irazábal, Minister of Education

(Translation from Spanish)
“Following an intense contest, the Executive Board chose Ambassador Irina Bokova, whom we would like to congratulate warmly on her nomination.”
“I would first like to thank the Executive Board of UNESCO for its support in the establishment of a category 2 institute in the city of Zacatecas in northern Mexico.”
“(…) Mexico is the proud host of the 16th ordinary session of the International Bioethics Committee, which will be held in Mexico City from 23 to 27 November 2009. I would also like to invite all UNESCO Member States to participate in the World Youth Conference, also to be held in Mexico City in August 2010.”
“(…) UNESCO needs to make education its central focus once again. The Organization must be revitalized as the world’s leading agency for the promotion and development of educational activities, ensuring the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.”
“Mexico firmly believes that education is the foundation of truly human development (…). Only quality education can prepare new generations to confront the complex challenges of living in a globalized world. The Alliance for Quality in Education is an initiative of the Government of President Enrique Calderón that calls upon the government, teachers, related social sectors, parents, and research and academic institutions to develop new solutions to help us break down stereotypes, overcome ignorance and transform teaching. Through the Alliance for Quality in Education the Mexican Government is doing what is necessary to make education a factor of equity and justice, and the foundation of new opportunities for development.”
“(…) From a broad historical perspective, the most important achievement of Latin America in the final decades of the twentieth century is, undoubtedly, to have joined the concert of democracies. (…). Democracy between us however has yet to be consolidated. To do so, to establish ourselves as a solid political and social system, democracy in Latin America requires values that only education can construct upon the very foundations of society. Education is dignity. Education is freedom. Education is needed now, in Latin America and around the world.”

34 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Carlos Garcia de Alba, Ambassador, Secretary-general of the Mexican National Commission of cooperation with UNESCO

Mexico welcomes Montenegro, which recently joined UNESCO and congratulates Singapore on its return.
“The current process of reform of the United Nations system, and by extension UNESCO, is a faithful reflection of the unavoidable need to rely on transparent, efficient and effective multilateral organizations.”
“While Mexico is convinced that the UNESCO Secretariat is making a genuine effort to improve efficiency and avoid wasting resources, without undermining the quality of the specialists who work for the Organization, it must be pointed out that its bureaucracy has grown heavier, and the resources earmarked for staffing programmes must clearly favour the programmes themselves.”
“The programmes must have specific objectives that can be measured and include clauses for validating them against results. The inclusion in document 34 C/4 of a whole chapter on results and indicator-based management is a positive step in that direction.”
“In addition there should be a correlation between programme priorities and the budget lines allocated to them: for eliminating unjustified spending on consultancies and excessive international travel.” Also, relocating some Headquarters staff in national and regional offices could improve the decentralisation. The Organization must adopt a new vision to meet the challenges and needs of the Member States.
“Mexico is standing by its position on zero nominal growth for the 2008-2009 budget and welcomes the Director-General’s decision to reconsider his initial proposal.”
“My Government will continue working within the E-9 Group to bring about an exchange of good practices through South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation.”
“[Mexico] supports measures such as the reform of the education sector, a more succinct and specific implementation of the global action plan, a UNESCO strategy to support national education in a selection of countries and the appointment of the new Assistant Director-General for Education, Mr Nicholas Burnett.”

Celebration of anniversaries

50th anniversary of the National School of Conservation, Restoration and Museography (ENCRyM in Spanish) (Mexico, with the support of Argentina, Chile, El Salvador and Honduras)

The Paul Coremans Cultural Goods Conservation Center was created by agreement subscribed in 1964 between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Mexico government. The center would become the National School of Conservation, Restoration and Museography (ENCRyM) in 1968, as part of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
ENCRyM is recognized by its academic excellence, forming divulgation and research restoration professionals, among them, qualified specialists in museum issues such as cultural goods, museum space and visitors. To present, ENCRyM imparts a Museography Specialty and a Museology Masters Degree. Mexican and foreign students from Jamaica, Chile, Colombia and Japan are currently inscribed. The Museology Masters degree is the only of its kind in Latin America. (CLT)

100th anniversary of the birth of Juan José Arreola, writer (1918-2001) (Mexico, with the support of Argentina, Chile, El Salvador and Honduras)

Juan José Arreola Zúñiga (21 September 1918 – 3 December 2001) was a Mexican writer and academic. He is considered Mexico's premier experimental short story writer of the twentieth century. Arreola is recognized as one of the first Latin American writers to abandon realism; he used elements of fantasy to underscore existentialist and absurdist ideas in his work. Arreola has served as the literary inspiration for a legion of Mexican writers who have sought to transform their country’s realistic literary tradition by introducing elements of magical realism, satire, and allegory. Alongside Jorge Luis Borges, he is considered one of the masters of the hybrid subgenre of the essay-story. He published only one novel, La feria (The Fair; 1963).
He also developed a central work as a literary editor, he created the collection Los Presentes, specialized in editing novel authors; he worked as well in the Economic Culture Fund (FCE) and in the National University (UNAM) press. Thanks to his charisma as a trained actor, Arreola became an important cultural promoter leading numerous programmes in television, bringing the artistic issues to the big audiences. He won his country’s National Linguistics and Literature Prize in 1979, the Juan Rulfo Prize for Latin American and Caribbean Literature in 1992 and the Alfonso Reyes International Prize in 1995, he was also named an officer of arts and letters by the French government in 1977. His main works are: Varia invención (1949), Confabulario (1952) and La feria (novel, 1963). (CLT)

  • 150th anniversary of the foundation of the National Conservatory of Music (1866) (2016)

  • The National Conservatory of Music of the National Institute of Fine Arts is a specialized school in comprehensive academic training of music professionals in the fields of interpretation, research, development and teaching.
    Since its opening, the Conservatory has contributed to the training of leading exponents of music, promoting musical diversity in music and high-level training of musicians and teachers. Due to its long history and vocation, the Conservatory is one of the most important musical educational institutions in Latin America, seeking to promote the cultural development of the region with a deep awareness of the social function of art, by the socialization and professionalization of music education in the region, as well as the promotion of traditions, styles and forms of classical music.
    It has been a seedbed of great exponents of music worldwide, including the renowned tenor Placido Domingo and Faustino Diaz, current winner of the Eighth International Trombone Competition. Furthermore, the Conservatory receives teachers, musicians and students from many others countries, mainly from Europe and Latin America, and it hosts a variety of international events such as courses, workshops, seminars, meetings, etc. among them the International Guitar Festival or the Festival International Piano Competition character.

  • 100th anniversary of the birth of Octavio Paz, writer (1914-1998) (2014)

  • Octavio Paz was born in Mexico City. At an early age he published his first poems and also directed various literary magazines. His wide work includes numerous books of poetry and essays. In 1981 he received the Cervantes Prize and in 1990 the Nobel Prize of Literature.

    200th anniversary of the birth of Benito Juárez (1806-1872) (2006)

    Benito Juárez is considered one of Mexico’s greatest historical figures. During his political career he helped to institute a series of liberal reforms that were embodied into the new constitution of 1857. During the French occupation of Mexico, Juárez refused to accept the rule of the Monarchy or any other foreign nation, and helped to establish Mexico as a constitutional democracy. Due to his protection of human liberties, which served as an example for other Latin American coutries, Benito Juárez was proclaimed Outstanding Patriot of the Americas. After the triumph of the Republic, he gave a famous speech in which he stated: “Between individuals, as between nations, peace means respect for the rights of others”. He also promoted equal rights for Indian population, better access to health car and education, lessening the political and financial power of the Church, and championed the raising of the living standards for the rural poor. Among other remarkable achievements, Juárez was the first Mexican President, and on of the first in the Americas, to recognize the importance of education, and he therefore introduced laws granting free instruction and education to the people in his country.

    150th anniversary of the birth of the Puerto Rican thinker Eugenio Maria de Hostos (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela) (1989)

    Born in'Mayagtiey, Puerto Rico, 11 January 1839.
    Died in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, on 11 August 1903.
    He began his studies in Spain in 1852. He made one of the most valuable contributions to educational work in Latin America and the Caribbean. The ideal of freedom that inspired his life led him to participate in the struggles for independence in Latin America and the Caribbean. He founded the teacher-training college of Santo Domingo. From that base he opposed scholasticism, applying the most modern teaching methods of his day." He consequently proceeded to develop the positivist method. He insisted on the need to educate women, contrary to the patriarchal prejudices of his time. He published sociological and historical works of great importance. He carried out significant academic work in the Republic of Chile and was appointed Principal of the Liceo de. Chilian (1889-1890) and of the Liceo Miguel Luis Amunategui. He wrote works on various subjects, all profoundly erudite. In 1900, following tireless travels throughout Latin America, he returned once more to the Dominican Republic. He was appointed Inspector General of Public Education and applied himself enthusiastically to educational work. He died on 11 August 1903 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. His publications include: Books: Lecciones de Derecho Constitucional Moral Social Articles: Cartas Publicas acerca de Cuba Placido (1872) Peregrinacion de Baycan (1863)

  • 150th anniversary of the birth of Jose Maria Lafragua, barrister, man of letters and politician (1813-1875) (1963) (Mexico) (1963)

  • UNESCO/MC/46

  • 150th anniversary of the death of Jose' Guadalupe Posada, engraver (1852-1913) (1963) (Mexico) (1963)

  • UNESCO/MC/46

  • 100th anniversary of the death of Alexander Von Humboldt (Germany and Mexico) (1959)

  • Reference document: 54 EX/7