United Republic of Tanzania

Joined UNESCO: 06/03/1962

Head of State and/or Government

President of the United Republic of Tanzania: H.E. Mr John Magufuli
Vice President: H.E. H.E. Samia SUHULU HASSAN

Permanent Delegation to UNESCO

H. E. Mr Samwel William Shelukindo
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to France, Permanent Delegate (21/04/2017)

Permanent Delegation of the United Republic of Tanzania to UNESCO
Ambassade de Tanzanie 7ter, rue Leonard de Vinci 75116 Paris
Web site

National Commission for UNESCO

Chairperson: Professor Eliphas Bisanda

Secretary General: Dr Hamisi M. Malebo

UNESCO National Commission of the United Republic of Tanzania
UNESCO National Commission of the United Republic of Tanzania P.O. Box 20384 Dar-es-Salaam United Republic of Tanzania
(+255.22) 21 26 598 (Office); (+255) 762377307 (mobile);
(255.22) 21 34 292; (255.22) 21 12 533
Web site

Read more National Commission for UNESCO

Representation in the Executive Board

The 1991 amendment modified Article V of the Constitution, regarding the status of members of the Board. From the 27th session of the General Conference (1993), the Executive Board consists of Member States rather than of persons (26 C/Resolution 19.3).
Title Name Years Sessions
MemberMr Daniel Mfinanga1964-197269-90
MemberMr Donald M. Kusenha1980-1985111-122
MemberMr Immanuel K. Bavu1989-1993133-142

Participation in subsidiary organs

Organs elected by the General Conference

Intergovernmental Council of the "Management of Social Transformations" Programme
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)
Intergovernmental Committee for Promoting the Return of Cultural Property to its Country of Origin or its Restitution in Case of Illicit Appropriation
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)
Intergovernmental Council of the International Programme for the Development of Communication
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)

Other intergovernmental organs

Intergovernmental Committee on World Heritage
Member (Term expires : 40th General Conference)
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

Councils of UNESCO's Institutes and Centres

Governing Board of the UNESCO International Institute for Capacity-Building in Africa
Vice-Chairperson : Dr. Pius Ng’wandu (Term expires : September 2011)

Addresses delivered in the general policy debate by the Head of Delegation at the General Conference

37 session of the General Conference

His Excellency, Mr Shukuru Kawambwa Minister of Education, and Vocational Training of United Republic of Tanzania

Speech delivered during the General Policy Debate of the 37th session of the General Conference - revised and corrected version of the verbatim records of plenary meetings

36 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Shukuru KAWAMBWA, Minister of Education and Vocational Training

Speech delivered during the General Policy Debate of the 36th session of the General Conference and posted as received

35 session of the General Conference

H.E. Dr Amani Abeid Karume, President of Zanzibar (United Republic of Tanzania)

“Let me take this opportunity on behalf of the Governments of the United Republic of Tanzania and Zanzibar and on my own behalf to congratulate Mrs Irina Bokova, the newly elected Director General of UNESCO. Mrs Bokova will go into history books as the first woman Director General to Head this Organisation since its inception more than 60 years ago. I have no doubt in my mind, given her excellent track record of achievements, she will make a good Director General who will lead this Organisation to rise to the challenges facing humanity in the 21st century without compromising the vision and mission of UNESCO as enshrined in its constitution.”
“Let me also seize the opportunity to join other speakers before me to pay tribute to Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, the outgoing Director General, who has served this Organisation for 10 good years.”
“Over the years Tanzania has enjoyed the support of UNESCO in its fields of competence, through up-stream policy advice and capacity building of its institutions and people. Three prominent Universities in Tanzania, namely the University of Dar es Salaam, the Open University of Tanzania and the State University of Zanzibar have collaborative relationship with UNESCO.”
“We appreciate that UNESCO continues to assist Tanzania through various ways, including technical assistance and institutional capacity-building in sector-wide educational planning, capacity-building for implementation of national education plans in the area of literacy and capacity-building for implementation of national education plans in teacher training in the context of Teacher Training Initiative for Sub-Saharan Africa (TTISSA). Other projects include Education Sector Management Information System (ESMIS), UNESCO’s National Education Support Strategies (UNESS), UNESCO chairs, Science Technology Innovation System Review, fellowships and training, and media development within the framework of the Intergovernmental Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC). I would like to express my heartfelt appreciation to the Director General for his assistance and to the Dar es Salaam UNESCO cluster office which has been very co-operative and serving us well.”
“The 35th session of the General Conference of UNESCO is taking place at a time when the world is facing major crises. They include the crisis of global climate change, energy crisis, food crisis, and most recently, the financial and economic crisis.”
“The challenge facing us all now is how to get out of these crises in a world that is so interdependent. It seems to me, more than ever before UNESCO has a critical role to play in sensitizing governments and the international community to look towards the social sector and invest more in education. Therefore concerted efforts must be made in the attainment of the EFA Goals and education related MDGs. It is through education and knowledge the global community can overcome scourges of ignorance, eradicate poverty and pursue a path of sustainable development.”
“The United Republic of Tanzania supports the UNESCO strategy for action on climate change and the Director General’s proposal to look for innovative methods of addressing this problem including the desirability of a standard setting instrument for the ethical principles on climate change.”
“Africa is unchallenged for its rich cultural heritage and its diversity. Africa is also rich in the creative work of art, both tangible and intangible. It is heartening to note that UNESCO has new international standard setting instruments in the field of culture, which include the 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the 2003 International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The United Republic of Tanzania is on the way to ratify these conventions once the necessary procedures have been completed.”
“I look at today’s world as being dictated by a paradigm shift. There are challenges to the prevailing imbalance in socio-economic development among nations and people of the world, illiteracy, and disparity in the application of scientific and technological knowledge, cultural and religious intolerances. Ignorance and illiteracy have not decreased in many parts of the world. Majority of illiterate people live in developing countries, particularly in least developed countries and Africa. Poverty is still rampant.”
“Social exclusion and marginalization pass unchecked. In most parts of the world, life is unsafe due to man induced hazards, wars and HIV/AIDS. Gender disparity and inadequate provision of education of good quality are prevalent, so are violations of human rights. UNESCO has a crucial role to link peace and sustainable development, to promote dialogue among civilizations, cultures and peoples to respect one another and respect cultural diversity. UNESCO has always been looking for new approaches and strategies in response to global challenges. We should all think of new role that UNESCO could play in the 21st century to raise to emerging challenges and support it.”

35 session of the General Conference

Hon. Haroun Suleiman, Minister of Education and Vocational Training, Zanzibar

“(…) On behalf of my Government and on my own behalf I would like to express my profound gratitude to Mr Matsuura for his remarkable service and for the support given to my country to rise to the challenges within the fields of competence of UNESCO.”
“(…) Following three consecutive biennia of a zero nominal growth budget this General Conference is called upon to consider approving an increment of US$18m giving a UNESCO budget a new ceiling of US$653m, which my Government approves along with the recommendations of the Executive Board. My Government supports the emphasis put by the Director General in document 35 C/5 in favour of priority Africa, Gender Equality, LDCs, SIDS and the most vulnerable segments of society.”
“(…) UNESCO should direct its actions in the attainment of EFA Goals and education related MDGs, quality education for all at all levels, teacher education of high quality, eradication of illiteracy, promotion of TVET an skills building, secondary and higher education, HIV/AIDS education, equity and inclusiveness with a particular focus on Africa including the implementation of the Plan of Action for the 2nd Decade of Education for Africa (2006-2015).”
“(…) My Government would like to see measures addressing capacity building for effective exploitation of natural resources; extraction of ground water; the mitigation and adaptation to climate change; promoting science education; engineering and renewable energy; responding to the Africa’s Consolidated Plan of Action for Science and Technology; bioethics and the ethics of scientific knowledge and technology; promoting peace and dialogue among civilizations, culture and people. UNESCO should also play an active role in the promotion of “African Roads to Independence: African Liberation Heritage Programme” and culture of maintenance for sustainable development. My Government is deeply concerned by the digital divide and the ever widening information gap. UNESCO should be at the forefront in the promotion of open source access and digital libraries.”
“(…) I would like to thank the Director General for the assistance extended to the Open University of Tanzania, the State University of Zanzibar, and the University of Dodoma and for his prompt action in support of Tanzania’s national Science Technology Innovation system review. We also appreciate the support given to my Government by the International Institute for Educational Planning through Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ) programme.”
“(…) My Government supports the various UNESCO strategies within its fields of competence, which ensure effective programme implementation taking into account a results based approach.”

34 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania

“The 34th session of the General Conference of UNESCO is taking place at a time when the United Nations reform process is ongoing. For sure, the United Nations reforms will have profound impact and implications on UNESCO’s work, including the manner in which it will be conducting business with its Member States.”
“Tanzania has supported the reform process geared towards making the United Nations more efficient, more effective, more responsive and more representative of Member States’ diverse views and economic strength. Relevant to the work of UNESCO, is the idea that the United Nations, in the operations of its agencies and funds, should deliver as one. My government took an early decision to be one of the first pilot countries where the One United Nations approach is being tested. I am glad to inform you that the UNDP country representative and United Nations Resident Coordinator in Tanzania, has already taken charge of the leadership of all United Nations Agencies operating in the country. This includes UNESCO Cluster Office in Dar es Salaam, which has already moved close to the UNDP offices with effect from 9th July this year.”
“I am also aware of the ongoing reforms within UNESCO. I congratulate the Director-General and his staff for their initiative and their efforts in driving these reforms. I wish them well in dealing with the challenges that lie ahead.”
“The main mission of UNESCO – that of building in the minds of men and women the defences of peace from a culture of war – is as valid today as it was 61 years ago. It is heart-warming indeed, to note that, over the years, UNESCO has discharged its mandate with great successes despite numerous hurdles encountered on the way. There are still many challenges ahead of us but I am confident that with the ongoing reforms and continued support from the Member States and the United Nations, no doubt UNESCO will rise to the challenge and score even greater successes now and in the future.”
“Tanzania cherishes the good relations we have enjoyed with UNESCO since joining the Organization on 6 March 1962, barely three months after our independence. Throughout the years, UNESCO’s support has been instrumental in building the capacity of Tanzanians through education, science, information and culture. We will always remain grateful for UNESCO’s contribution to the development process of Tanzania. We rededicate ourselves to work towards the realization of the objectives of UNESCO in Tanzania and globally.”
“It is indisputable that education is the key to empowerment of people and the key to development of nations and societies. It takes an educated people to promote fast growth and development of a society and a nation. An uneducated population can be a clog in the wheel of a country’s development. It is with this view that the Government of Tanzania has always taken the development of education very seriously. Year after year, it has been increasing budgetary allocations and this year budgetary allocations to education have reached a record high. […] We would like to thank UNESCO for supporting our efforts through the Teachers Training Initiative for Sub Saharan Africa (TTISSA), which has contributed in buttressing our efforts.”
“We are very grateful for UNESCO’s support in developing a national science and technology policy that rimes well with the changed times and circumstances. I would also like to express my very sincere appreciation and thanks for the key role that UNESCO has played in the establishment of the Zanzibar State University the invaluable support extended to the Open University of Tanzania in the area of capacity-building. We look forward to continued cooperation as we continue to expand in tertiary education. […] UNESCO has established a Chair at the Zanzibar State University and the Open University of Tanzania. We look forward to UNESCO doing the same with the new University of Dodoma.”
“UNESCO has also been supportive in the area of culture, very supportive. We welcome and appreciate the cooperation in this regard. UNESCO’s support in the project of tracing the Slave Route from the Great Lakes to Zanzibar, which seeks to document and preserve the history and important relics of the East-African slave trade, is highly appreciated.”
“Another project, which I would like to mention and express my very sincere appreciation for UNESCO’s support, is that of documenting the history of the liberation struggle in the continent. I hope you all know that I am talking about the Road to Independence in Africa: the African Liberation Programme project, which was endorsed by the 33rd session of the General Conference of UNESCO. I am so happy that this important epoch in the history of our dear continent is going to be recorded and preserved. It is unfortunate that in Africa people do not have the habit of keeping diaries and, worse still, we do not write books about ourselves and about important events. So the history of the liberation struggles in the continent is in danger of being lost.”
“Allow me also to express Tanzania’s appreciation for UNESCO’s cooperation in the area of preservation of cultural and natural heritage sites. May I use this opportunity to appeal to UNESCO to be more proactive in the African continent so that more sites could be identified and added to the list of cultural and natural heritage sites for the sake of humanity? Maybe the Rules of Engagement and Procedures could be revisited so that the process can be expedited. I would like to affirm Tanzania’s support for the decision and Tanzania’s commitment to contribute to this fund during the next financial year. We are currently waiting for the necessary modalities.”
“It would be remiss of me if I did not mention UNESCO’s decision, landmark decision, to designate the year 2008 as International Year for the Planet. This landmark decision has come at the right time. We are grateful to UNESCO for the pertinent decision. We would like to express our profound gratitude to UNESCO for having chosen Tanzania for launching the International Year for the Planet Earth for the African continent. We feel greatly honoured and privileged. We assure you of our full cooperation in ensuring the success of this important event. Let me use this opportunity to welcome you all to join us in Tanzania on this auspicious occasion. We will work closely with all participating countries as well as other stakeholders to see to it that this important initiative attains its goals.”

34 session of the General Conference

H.E. Mr Peter M. Msolla, Minister for Higher Education, Science and Technology

“It is gratifying to note that in preparing document 34 C/4 the Director-General gave due consideration to the contribution of UNESCO to the building of peace, poverty reduction, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue. UNESCO, as the moral conscience of humankind, and the United Nations has a unique role to play in addressing the above complex questions.”
“Let me express my gratitude to the Director-General for recognizing Africa and the gender equity as a priority in the fields of competence of UNESCO. I fully endorse the emphasis placed on Africa in document 34 C/4 on the attainment of the EFA Dakar goals, of strengthening capacity for technical and vocational education, higher education, teacher training and the teaching of science, and a culture of maintenance. We also appreciate the role of UNESCO in promoting the African World Heritage Fund, the African liberation heritage programme and the outcome of the 8th AU Summit of Heads of State and Government on Science, Technology and Scientific Research for Development.”
“Tanzania also endorses the inclusion into the strategy of aspects related to least developed countries, women, youth, vulnerable groups and disadvantaged groups as well as AU-NEPAD framework, particularly in pursuing education for all under the Millennium Development Goals, contributing to regional integration, and assisting countries in post-conflict and disaster situations, renewable energy, quality and relevant education and a follow-up to the United Nations proclaimed International Year of Planet Earth. My government further recognizes the role played by the International Institute for Educational Planning in the capacity building of African Member States.”
“My government is grateful to the Director-General for presenting a relevant and more focused Draft Programme and Budget in a single scenario with measurable outputs and performance indicators linked to the Main Lines of Action as elaborated in document 34 C/5 Draft, second version. […] My government supports the Director-General’s proposal for the Budget […] and will continue to support UNESCO’s efforts in the elaboration of international standard-setting instruments falling within its fields of competence.”
“My government takes note of the progress made in the implementation of the programme approved by the General Conference, in particular the achievement made in the improvement of the Global Action Plan for the implementation of the education for all goals, on the reform of the Education Sector, on the findings of the Review Committee on the overall review of UNESCO’s major science programmes, the restructuring of the Culture Sector, among others.”
“With respect to the reform of Major Programme II on Natural Sciences and Major Programme III on Social and Human Sciences, my government will not support any attempt to merge natural and social sciences, which are essentially unique and serve specific purposes. My government, however, supports intersectorality and cross-sectoral approaches between the two science programmes as well as with the other major UNESCO programmes.”

Celebration of anniversaries

  • 50th anniversary of the establishment of St. Joseph’s Kaengesa Seminary (1956) (2006)

  • The Kaengesa Seminary has proved to be a prominent learning institution actively involved in the promotion of education, peace and democracy not only in the United Republic of Tanzania but also in neighbouring countries of the East Africa and the Great Lakes area.

  • 100th anniversary of the establishment of St Mary’s Rubya Seminary (2004)

  • St Mary’s Seminary is a pre-tertiary education institute in Tanzania which offers secondary education in Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi and enjoys a high reputation in the region.
    St Mary’s Junior Seminar Rubya has contributed substantially to capacity-building through its action in education and health.
    (iv) In the field of education, it has trained a large number of teachers, including several university teachers, who teach in secondary schools and higher education institutions in the subregion, thus contributing to attainment of the goals of education for all.
    More specifically, it has enhanced girls’ access to education by funding a higher education institution for girls, thus contributing to the promotion of African women.
    In the field of health, it has helped to establish and develop major hospital centres in the subregion that provide health care to the people and alert them to the matter of preventing infectious diseases.