Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat. Ramsar, 2 February 1971.1

States Group Date of deposit of instrument Type of instrument
 Albania*II31/10/1995Accession
 Algeria**Vb04/11/1983Accession
 Andorra*I23/07/2012Ratification
 Antigua and BarbudaIII02/06/2005Accession
 Argentina*III04/05/1992Ratification
 Armenia*II06/07/1993Accession
 Australia*IV08/05/1974Signature without
 Austria*I16/12/1982Accession
 Azerbaijan*II21/05/2001Accession
 Bahamas*III07/02/1997Ratification
 Bahrain*Vb27/10/1997Accession
 Bangladesh*IV21/05/1992Acceptance
 BarbadosIII12/12/2005Accession
 Belarus**II10/09/1999Notification of succession
 Belgium**I04/03/1986Ratification
 Belize*III22/04/1998Accession
 BeninVa24/01/2000Accession
 Bhutan*IV07/05/2012Accession
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)III27/06/1990Accession
 Bosnia and Herzegovina**II24/09/2001Notification of succession
 BotswanaVa09/12/1996Accession
 BrazilIII24/05/1993Accession
 Bulgaria*II24/09/1975Signature without reservation as to ratification
 Burkina FasoVa27/06/1990Accession
 BurundiVa05/06/2002Accession
 Cabo VerdeVa18/07/2005Accession
 Cambodia*IV23/06/1999Accession
 Cameroon*Va20/03/2006Accession
 Canada*I15/01/1981Accession
 Central African Republic*Va05/12/2005Accession
 ChadVa13/06/1990Accession
 Chile*III27/07/1981Accession
 ChinaIV31/03/1992Accession
 ColombiaIII18/06/1998Accession
 ComorosVa09/02/1995Accession
 CongoVa18/06/1998Accession
 Costa RicaIII27/12/1991Ratification
 Côte d'IvoireVa27/02/1996Accession
 Croatia**II19/11/1992Notification of succession
 CubaIII12/04/2001Ratification
 CyprusI11/07/2001Accession
 Czech RepublicII26/03/1993Notification of succession
 Democratic Republic of the Congo*Va18/01/1996Accession
 Denmark*I02/09/1977Accession
 DjiboutiVa22/11/2002Accession
 Dominican RepublicIII15/05/2002Accession
 Ecuador*III07/09/1990Accession
 EgyptVb09/09/1988Ratification
 El SalvadorIII22/01/1999Ratification
 Equatorial Guinea*Va02/06/2003Accession
 EstoniaII29/03/1994Ratification
 Fiji*IV11/04/2006Accession
 Finland*I28/05/1974Ratification
 France*I01/12/1986Ratification
 GabonVa30/12/1986Signature without reservation as to ratification
 Gambia*Va16/09/1996Ratification
 GeorgiaII07/02/1997Accession
 Germany*I26/02/1976Ratification
 GhanaVa22/02/1988Accession
 Greece*I21/08/1975Accession
 GrenadaIII22/05/2012Accession
 GuatemalaIII26/06/1990Accession
 GuineaVa18/11/1992Accession
 Guinea-BissauVa14/05/1990Accession
 HondurasIII23/06/1993Accession
 Hungary*II11/04/1979Accession
 Iceland*I02/12/1977Accession
 IndiaIV01/10/1981Accession
 Indonesia*IV08/04/1992Ratification
 Iran (Islamic Republic of)*IV23/06/1975Ratification
 Iraq*Vb17/10/2007Accession
 Ireland*I15/11/1984Ratification
 Israel*I12/11/1996Ratification
 ItalyI14/12/1976Ratification
 JamaicaIII07/10/1997Accession
 Japan*IV17/06/1980Accession
 Jordan*Vb10/01/1977Accession
 Kazakhstan*IV02/01/2007Accession
 KenyaVa05/06/1990Accession
 Kiribati*IV03/04/2013Accession
 KyrgyzstanIV12/11/2002Accession
 Lao People's Democratic Republic*IV28/05/2010Accession
 Latvia*II25/07/1995Accession
 LebanonVb16/04/1999Accession
 Lesotho*Va01/07/2004Accession
 LiberiaVa02/07/2003Accession
 LibyaVb05/04/2000Accession
 Liechtenstein*~06/08/1991Accession
 Lithuania*II20/08/1993Accession
 Luxembourg*I15/04/1998Ratification
 Madagascar*Va25/09/1998Accession
 MalawiVa14/11/1996Accession
 MalaysiaIV10/11/1994Ratification
 Mali**Va25/05/1987Accession
 MaltaI30/09/1988Accession
 Marshall IslandsIV13/07/2004Accession
 MauritaniaVb22/10/1982Accession
 Mauritius*Va30/05/2001Ratification
 Mexico*III04/07/1986Accession
 Monaco*I20/08/1997Accession
 MongoliaIV08/12/1997Accession
 MontenegroII26/04/2007Notification of succession
 MoroccoVb20/06/1980Signature without reservation as to ratification
 Mozambique*Va03/08/2004Accession
 Myanmar*IV17/11/2004Accession
 Namibia*Va23/08/1995Accession
 NepalIV17/12/1987Accession
 Netherlands*I23/05/1980Accession
 New Zealand*IV13/08/1976Signature without reservation as to ratification
 NicaraguaIII30/07/1997Accession
 NigerVa30/04/1987Signature without reservation as to ratification
 NigeriaVa02/10/2000Accession
 Norway*I09/07/1974Signature without reservation as to ratification
 OmanVb19/04/2013Accession
 Pakistan*IV23/07/1976Ratification
 Palau*IV18/10/2002Accession
 PanamaIII26/11/1990Accession
 Papua New GuineaIV16/03/1993Accession
 Paraguay*III07/06/1995Ratification
 PeruIII30/03/1992Ratification
 PhilippinesIV08/07/1994Accession
 Poland*II22/11/1977Accession
 PortugalI24/11/1980Ratification
 Republic of Korea*IV28/03/1997Accession
 Republic of MoldovaII20/06/2000Accession
 RomaniaII21/05/1991Accession
 Russian Federation*II11/09/1976Ratification
 RwandaVa01/12/2005Accession
 Saint Lucia*III19/02/2002Accession
 Samoa*IV06/10/2004Accession
 Sao Tome and Principe*Va21/08/2006Accession
 Senegal*Va11/07/1977Accession
 Serbia**II03/07/2001Notification of succession
 Seychelles*Va22/11/2004Accession
 Sierra Leone*Va13/12/1999Accession
 SlovakiaII31/03/1993Notification of succession
 Slovenia*II05/11/1992Notification of succession
 South Africa*Va12/03/1975Signature without reservation as to ratification
 South Sudan*Va10/06/2013Accession
 SpainI04/05/1982Accession
 Sri LankaIV15/06/1990Accession
 SudanVb07/01/2005Accession
 Suriname**III22/07/1985Accession
 SwazilandVa15/02/2013Accession
 Sweden*I05/12/1974Signature without reservation as to ratification
 Switzerland*I16/01/1976Ratification
 Syrian Arab RepublicVb05/03/1998Ratification
 TajikistanII18/07/2001Accession
 ThailandIV13/05/1998Signature without reservation as to ratification
 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia**II04/04/1995Notification of succession
 Togo*Va04/07/1995Accession
 Trinidad and Tobago*III21/12/1992Accession
 Tunisia*Vb24/11/1980Accession
 Turkey*I13/07/1994Accession
 TurkmenistanIV03/03/2009Accession
 UgandaVa04/03/1988Ratification
 UkraineII15/07/1997Notification of succession
 United Arab Emirates*Vb29/08/2007Accession
 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*I05/01/1976Ratification
 United Republic of TanzaniaVa13/04/2000Accession
 United States of AmericaI18/12/1986Ratification
 Uruguay**III22/05/1984Accession
 Uzbekistan*II08/10/2001Accession
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)III23/11/1988Accession
 Viet NamIV20/09/1988Accession
 YemenVb08/10/2007Accession
 ZambiaVa28/08/1991Accession
 ZimbabweVa03/01/2013Accession

1This Convention entered into force on 21 December 1975. It subsequently entered into force for each State four months after the date of deposit of that State’s instrument, except in cases of notifications of succession, where the entry into force occurred on the date on which the State assumed responsibility for conducting its international relations. All the States, with the exception of those marked with two asterisks, are also parties to the Convention as amended by the 1982 Protocol. * The States marked with an asterisk have accepted the amendments to Articles 6 and 7 of the Convention adopted by the Extraordinary Conference of the Contracting Parties (Regina, Canada, 1987). These amendments entered into force on 1 May 1994. ** The States marked with two asterisks are parties to the 1971 Convention alone.