Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing
10 km northwest of Beijing, 116° 8' E, 39° 54' N

Inscribed :1998 Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii)

Justification for Inscription: 
Criterion i: The Summer Palace in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of humankind and nature in a harmonious whole.
Criterion ii: The Summer Palace epitomizes the philosophy and practice of Chinese garden design, which played a key role in the development of this cultural form throughout the east.
Criterion iii: The imperial Chinese garden, illustrated by the Summer Palace, is a potent symbol of one of the major world civilizations.
Report of the 22nd Session of the Committee

Brief description:

The Summer Palace in Beijing, which was first built in 1750, largely destroyed in the war of 1860, and restored on its original foundation in 1886, is a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design, integrating the natural landscape of hills and open water with manmade features such as pavilions, halls, palaces, temples and bridges into a harmonious and aesthetically exceptional whole.

Links with Partner Institutions:
The Summer Palace, A Virtual Tour

WHC Web: