of Heaven -- an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing
Beijing, 116° 26' E, 39° 50' N
|Inscribed :1998 Criteria: C (i) (ii) (iii)
Justification for Inscription:
Criterion i: The Temple of Heaven is a masterpiece of architecture
and landscape design which simply and graphically illustrates a cosmogony
of great importance for the evolution of one of the world's great civilizations.
Criterion ii: The symbolic layout and design of the Temple of
Heaven had a profound influence on architecture and planning in the Far
East over many centuries.
Criterion iii: For more than two thousand years China was ruled
by a series of feudal dynasties, the legitimacy of which is symbolized
by the design and layout of the Temple of Heaven.
of the 22nd Session of the Committee
The Temple of Heaven, founded in the first half of the 15th century,
is a dignified complex of fine cult buildings set in gardens and surrounded
by historic pine woods. In its overall layout and in that of its individual
buildings, it symbolizes the relationship between earth and heaven which
stands at the heart of Chinese cosmogony, and also the special role played
by the emperors within that relationship.
with Partner Institutions:
of Heaven (Beijing Xinglihang Science & Technology, Inc.)
WHC Web: http://www.unesco.org/whc/sites/881.html