|Biosphere Reserve Information|
© Photo: M. Bouamrane
The Pendjari Biosphere Reserve (880 000 hectares) is located north of the Atakora Cliff in the loop formed by the Pendjari River, serving as the natural border between Benin and Burkina Faso. The nearest town, Natitingou, is situated 45 km south of the biosphere reserve. The flora of Pendjari is characteristic of the Sudanese biome and a large part of the biosphere reserve is made up of savannah and savannah woodlands, open forests, savannah grassland and gallery forests.
30 villages are situated at the outskirts of the biosphere reserve regrouping 30,000 inhabitants (2002). Trophy hunting was re-launched in the Pendjari and Atakora Game Reserves from 1990/1991 hunting season. During the 2001 season, 30% of the hunting profits totalling 15.5 million FCFA (US$ 20,900) was distributed equally among the 30 surrounding villages. The activities in the villages are mainly animal husbandry and agriculture. The cultivation of cotton, cassava and rice, bee keeping and fishing are the main sources of income for the villagers. Eco-tourism and safari visits are increasingly important for the local economy.
The Pendjari Biosphere Reserve has financial support from many partners among which are the German Cooperation Agency (GTZ) and the World Bank. It is also participating in the regional project of UNESCO-MAB and UNEP/GEF on ‘Building Scientific and Technical Capacity for Effective Management and Sustainable Use of Dryland Biodiversity in West African Biosphere Reserves’. This new project should concentrate on scientific research and training, especially on conflict resolution as well as promote exchanges with the five other countries of the sub-region (Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger and Senegal) involved in the project.
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical dry or deciduous forest|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Herbaceous savanna with Pannicum maximum, Mitragyna inermis, Acacia sieberiana etc.; woody and shrubby savanna characterized by Butyrospermum paradoxum, Afzelia africana and Pterocarpus erinaceus; woodland savanna dominated by Daniella oliveri, Borassus aethiopum, Balanites aegyptiaca etc.; open forest and woody savanna with Anogeissus leiocarpus, Ficus congoensis, Capparis corymbosa etc.; gallery forest with Diospyros mespiliformis, Cola laurifolia, Kigelia africana, Pterocarpus santalinoides; floodplain; old villages sites with Adansonia digitata and Parkia biglobosa; agroecosystems; residential areas|
|Transition area(s) when given||A five km zone surrounding the core area and buffer zone|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+150 to +513|
|Administrative authorities||Le Centre National de Gestion des Réserves de Faune (CENAGREF)|
Impacts of agropastoral activities on biodiversity
Conservation of biodiversity (taking advantage of indigenous knowledge)
Mapping of the different biosphere reserve zones
|Biodiversity||Arid/Semi-arid, biodiversity, conservation.|
|Socio-economic||Agriculture/Production systems, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.|
|Integrated monitoring||Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.|
|Telephone||(229) 83 00 65|
|Fax||(229) 83 01 58|
|Last updated: 20/04/2005|