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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Ulla-Ulla Biosphere Reserve is located 160 km north-west of La Paz, and the Peruvian border makes up western boundary. Located in the higher parts of Bolivia, the Biosphere Reserve contains a combination of ecological formations including high plateau, tundra, high cordillera, mountains, lakes, the headwaters of the River Euichi and River Turiopa, lakes and a permanent snow zone. The Apolobamba Cordillera stands out as the chief mountain range along with the Cololo massif. Formations of the Yungas type, with its typical plant associations, are formed east of the cordillera. On the high plateau and the tundra, the fauna is characterised by camelids such us vicuna (Vicuņa vicugna) and the Alpaca (Lama pacos) ,with population estimated at 2,556 and 80,000 respectively (1984). In the cordillera and the heads of valleys deer (Odocoileus sp.) and spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) can be found. The human population is estimated to some 15,000 people (1998), including people of Aymara origin. No agricultural activity is possible in any part of the area due to the persistent frosts and low temperatures. Consequently, the sole activity is the raising of alpacas, and to a lesser degree, llamas (Lama glama). Due to the variety of habitats and ecological formations, the reserve is of exceptional importance for scientific research. The main goal of the Biosphere Reserve is to protect natural, cultural, historical and anthropologic values by a sustainable management of natural resources with local participation and scientific support.
  Major ecosystem type   Mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   High plateau tundra with Distichia muscoides, Senecio spp, Calamagrostis vicuanrium sp., Werneria spp.; high cordillera; mountain forests; lakes; "yungas" areas dominated by Stipa spp.
  Location   14°48' to 15°16'S; 69°00'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   200,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +3,000 to +6,000
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla Ministerio de Agricultura
  Brief description   Studies on pasture lands, protection of vicuņas
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Conservation, mammals.
  Socio-economic   Pastoralism/Pastoralists/Grazing.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    Por Contratar
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla
Calle Alfredo Ascarrumz 2620
 La Paz
  Telephone   (591) 224 22 272
  Fax   (591) 224 222 72
  E-mail   Ulla Ulla contact
  Web site

Last updated: 27/03/2011

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