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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This Biosphere Reserve is characterized by the Cerrado biome, which includes Cerrado (dense savanna woodlands), Cerrado with twisted short trees and bushes and Cerrado grasslands. It covers areas located in the States of Tocantins, Maranhão and Piauí.The upland grassbeds of Chapada dos Veadeiros, as well as the Parana valley wetlands, harbour unique species. The deciduous and semidecidous forests, with hardwoods that are prized for cattle fencing and construction are also a high priority for biodiversity conservation. The conservation of the Biosphere Reserve of Cerrado focuses on restoration of altered areas and building of ecological corridors. Over 200,000 people (2001) live in the Biosphere Reserve, engaged in ecotourism, production and commerce of native fruit pulps. . The Cerrado Fruits Project is an economic alternative developed by the Timbira communities and their regional neighbours. It aims at income generation, biodiversity, conservation, and economic sustainability. Native fruits, such as cashew, bacury, buriti palm, and hog-plum are collected, frozen and packaged for sale. The whole Biosphere Reserve is managed by a consortium system of different economic, rural planning and conservation actors at the State level, with scientific backing of numerous universities and institutions.
  Major ecosystem type   Cerrado; Tropical grasslands and savannas
  Major habitats & land cover types   Cerrado sensu stricto with lower ligneous layer characterized by Curatella americana, Qualea grandiflora, Q. parviflora, Kielmeyera coriacea etc.; Cerradão (dense savanna woodlands) with Pterodon pubescens, Bowdichia virgilioides, Emmotum nitens, Qualea grandiflora, Q. parviflora etc.; Cerrado prairies in valleys with Aristida ssp., Trachypogon ssp., Axonopus spp., and in highlands with Mesosetum elytrochaetum ferrugineum, Bishopiela erecta etc.; deciduous forest including Tabebuia impetiginosa, Cavanillesia sp., Bursera leptophloeos etc.; gallery forest in dry areas with Buchenavia sp., Tabebuia caraiba, Copaifera grandifolia, and in wet soils with Mauritia flexuosa, Mauritiella armata and Xylopia emarginata; agroecosystems; pasture land; limestone extraction; forestry systems; urban areas
  Location   Phase I: 15°25'S; 48°12'W Phase II: 13°50'S; 47°05'W Phase III: Araguaia NP: 10°31’S; 50°10’W Nascentes do Parnaíba NP: 10°15’S; 46°20’W Uruçuí-Una Ecological Station: 08°51’S; 45°14’W Cantão State Park: 09°30’S; 50°05’W Jalapão State Park: 10°25’S; 46°15’W Mirador State Park: 06°35’S; 45°20’W Fazenda Boqueirão Private Natural Heritage Reserve: 07°35’S; 43°50’W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   29,652,514
  Core area(s)   3,601,014 (of which phase I: 46,000; phase II: 115,714)
  Buffer zone(s)   14,884,200 (of which phase I: 20,000; phase II: 900,000)
  Transition area(s) when given   11,167,300 (of which phase I: 70,000; phase II: 1,900,000)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +200 to +1,676
  Year designated   1993, extension 2000 - 2001
  Administrative authorities   Phase I: Council (Brasilia District); Phase II: Council (Goiás State); Phase III: IBAMA Ecosystems Board, Tocantins Landscape Foundation - Naturantins, Water Resources and the Environment of Maranhao, Environment Secretary of the State of Piauí
  Brief description   Basic, applied and integrated research programmes (phase I)
Interdisciplinary studies and long-term ecological monitoring (phase I)
Hydrology and meteorology
Geological and speleological mapping
Geological, geomorphologic and pedological standards (phase III)
Vertebrate fauna assessment and monitoring
Characterization of the economic potential species of the Maranhão State cerrado arboreal flora (phase III)
Herpetofauna of a cerrado area (phase III)
Flora of cerrado, sandbanks and forests (phase III)
Research on the vegetation and fauna (phase III)
Phytosociological studies
Socio-economical monitoring including in the historical/katunga site (phase II)
Socio-economic research (phase III)
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Geology, geomorphology, hydrology, meteorology, soil, speleology.
  Biodiversity   Amphibians, ecology, fauna, flora, forest systems, methodologies, phytosociology/succession, reptiles, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Cultural aspects, economically important species, monitoring methodologies, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Integrated studies/Interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies.
  Contact address   Gustavo Souto Maior
Secretaria Executiva da Reserva d Biosfera do Cerrado
511 Norte, Ed. Bittar II - 3 Andar, Sematec
70340 Brasilia D.F.
  Telephone   (55.61) 340 3754
  Fax   (55.61) 340 3798

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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