|Biosphere Reserve Information|
Situated on the northern slopes of the Pirin Mountain in southwestern Bulgaria, the Doupki-Djindjiritza Biosphere reserve comprises a limestone landscape with lakes, waterfalls, caves and pine forests. It covers an area of 2858,5 hectares between 1300 and 2884 meters above sea level. The rugged mountains with some 70 glacial lakes are home to endemic and rare species, many of which are representative of the Balkan Pleistocene flora. Forests in the area are mainly coniferous and include the endemic Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce). Among the rare and endemic vascular plants are Aquilegia aurea, Gentiana lutea, Leontopodium alpinum and Papaver degenii. Threatened bird and mammal species in the area include for example brown bear (Ursus arctos), grey wolf (Canis lupus), marten (Martes martes, M. foina), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), hazel grouse (Bonasa bonasia), and three-toed woodpecker (Picoides trydactilus).
The area receives between 300,000 and 500,000 visitors annually (1992). The biosphere reserve is completely included in the Pirin National Park, which was also designated as a World Heritage site in 1983. The biosphere reserve is currently under revision.
|Major ecosystem type||Mixed mountain and highland systems|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Coniferous (Pinus peuce, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Abies alba, Pinus mugo) and mixed (Fagus sylvatica, Abies alba, Picea abies) forests; alpine grasslands; limestone rocky places|
|Transition area(s) when given|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+1,300 to +2,884|
Ecological studies on chamois
|Biodiversity||Autoecology/Synecology, flora, mammals.|
Pirin National Park Directorate
4, Bulgaria Str.
|Last updated: 1/13/2004|