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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The landscape of the Manicouagan - Uapishka territory is dominated by the St. Lawrence River in the South, and the Manicouagan reservoir in the North, a circular scar of the earth that can be cleary seen at all scales including from space. They are linked together by a web of rivers that have a strong hydropower potential and flow through vast woodlands.
The hinterland of the Manicouagan - Uapishka area consists of a vast dry plateau. Its surface is formed by hills (between 400 and 600 m) separated by rectilinear valleys and surrounded by the Groulx Mountains massif characterized by some thirty mountain tops exceeding 1000 m.
Baie-Comeau is the largest city in the area with 22613 inhabitants.
  Major ecosystem type   Natural province of the Central Laurentians
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   Point Central (Manic V) 68 43 36 W 50 38 51 N
Limite extrême Nord 68 03 52 W 52 07 23 N
Limite extrême Est 67 15 46 W 51 40 17 N
Limite extrême Sud 68 22 58 W 48 47 44 N
Limite extrême Ouest 70 08 05 W 51 18 32 N
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   5,480,000
  Core area(s)   Terrestrial: 2867,80 km2 Marine:154,90 km2
  Buffer zone(s)   Terrestrial 7919,66 km2 Marine 543,00km2
  Transition area(s) when given   Terrestrial: 40762,54 km2 Marine: 2552,10 km2
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   From -380 to 1104m
  Year designated   2007
  Administrative authorities   Comité de la Réserve de Biosphère Manicouagan - Uapishka
  Brief description   In general, the research objectives are focused on forestry, marine ecosystems, hydrology, wildlife, and coastal dynamics (erosion and climate change). The research activities aim the main management needs attributed to several key issues such as exploration of forest, water, wildlife and marine resources and shoreline erosion.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, climate, erosion, global change, habitat, hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Afforestation/Reforestation, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, biodiversity, boreal forest, coastal/marine, conservation, ecology, ethology, fires/fire ecology, flora, mountain and highland systems, rare/endangered/threatened species, tundra/taïga, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Capacity building, cultural aspects, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, firewood cutting/harvesting, fishery/fisheries, forestry, hunting, indicators of sustainability, industry, mining, natural hazards, people-nature relations/man/nature, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, education and public awareness, geographic information system/gis, institutional and legal aspects, planning and zoning measures/zonation, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Jean-Philippe L. Messier
3 Av. Denonville, Baie-Comeau
G4Z 2W6 Québec
  Web site

Last updated: 23/11/2007

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