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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   The Tuparro Biosphere Reserve and National Park is located in the eastern plains of Colombia in Vichada county, a flat area bounded by the Orinoco River to the east, the Tomo River to the north and the Tuparro and Tuparrito to the south. The area undulates with a series of small valleys and major rivers and streams. A few areas are permanently flooded during parts of the year. Some 85% of the area is covered with natural grass savanna, dominated by plume grass. Woodlands are found along the watercourses, with different tree species. Especially notable is the ’Morichales‘ formation and the ’mirity areas‘. Mammals of the savanna include white-tailed deer, giant armadillo, small savanna armadillo, tapir and dog fox. Peccaries, pumas, jaguars and different species of monkeys inhabit the woodlands. Noteworthy birds include guans, curassows, screamers, eagles and ducks. Giant otters as capybaras, Orinoco crocodile, caiman and turtles are found along the shores of the rivers, which abound with fish including piranha and electric eel. The biosphere reserve’s most evident characteristic is its diversity in terms of local populations and indigenous communities. Participatory mechanisms are in place, but vary depending on the ethnic groups. Income and benefits to local communities are assured through the direct utilization of the resources. In the transition area, surrounding the Selva of Mataven, named ’the Forest Heart‘ there are 10,000 inhabitants (Sikuanis, piapocos, puinaves, piaroas, curripacos and cubeos) in 16 Indian reserves (2000). A semi nomadic group of Indians, the Guahibos, still live in the reserve. There is a small biological research station and the reserve also contains an administrative center and two landing strips.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical grasslands and savannas
  Major habitats & land cover types   Savanna systems, from dry to humid (bajos savanna systems, seasonally submerged etc.); riparian forests; riparian submerged forests; high-altitude plain forests including Xylopia aromatica, Byrsonima crassifolia, Bowdichia virgiloides, Hirtella sp. etc.; Attalea forests dominated by the palm tree Attalea regia; seasonally submerged forests; agroecosystems
  Location   4°57' to 5°36'N; 67°48' to 69°12'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   548,000
  Core area(s)   548,000
  Buffer zone(s)   0
  Transition area(s) when given   0
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +90 to +130
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities   Unidad Administrativa Especial del Sistema de Parques Nacionales Naturales, CORPORINOQUIA
  Brief description   Monitoring of Hymenoptera and Diptera spp.
Investigations of flora
- Investigations of Pteronura Brasiliensis
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Flora, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Gabriel Tirado
Unidad Administrativa Especial de Parques Nacionales Naturales
Carrera 10 No. 20 - 30
 Bogotá D.C.
  Telephone   (57.1) 3155583438 PBX 353 2400
  Fax   PBX 353 2400
  E-mail   Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta contact
  Web site

Last updated: 27/03/2011

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