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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Fanjingshan BR
  General Description   Located in the south of China in Guizhou Province, Fanjingshan is the main peak of the Wuling Mountain Range. The biosphere reserve is situated in the Chinese Subtropical Forest biogeographic region and its altitude ranges from 480 to 2,570 meters above sea level. It is known for its large protophyte forests, the only well-preserved primitive forest ecosystem on the same latitude in the world, as well as for its endemic golden monkey (Rhinopithecus brelichi) population.
Some 1,100 people live permanently in the core area and 15,000 in the buffer zone of the biosphere reserve (1999) which is situated in one of China’s poorest areas. Human activities in the buffer zone include mining, livestock raising and slash-and-burn agriculture. The area has been a sacred site for Buddhism since the Ming Dynasty and receives some 80,000 national tourists per year (1999).
The biosphere reserve has focused on research activities since its establishment in 1986 and is especially successful in research on the ecology, domestication, reproduction and habitats of the golden monkey.
  Major ecosystem type   Sub-tropical and temperate rain forests; mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Evergreen broadleaf forest dominated by chinquapin (Castanopsis chunii), tanbark oak (Lithocarpus spp.), cinnamon, machilus etc.; mixed evergreen-deciduous broadleaf forest with Steward oak (Quercus stewardii), Engler oak (Q. engleriana) and sharp-dent oak (Cyclobalanopsis oxyodon) together with deciduous species such as Engler beech (Fagus engleriana), Chinese maple (Acer sinense) and Wilson maple (A. wilsonii); deciduous broadleaf forest including A. flabellatum, Sorbus keissleri and Photinia villosa; subalpine coniferous forests characterized by Chinese hemlock (Tsuga chinensis) and Faber fir; sub-alpine shrub and meadow zone dominated by Rhododendron spp. and Chung China cane (Sinarundinaria chungii); agroecosystems with cereals etc.
  Location   27°46' to 28°01'N; 108°45' to 108°48'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   38,300
  Core area(s)   25,000 (of which touristic zone: 400)
  Buffer zone(s)   13,300
  Transition area(s) when given   -
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +480 to +2,570
  Year designated   1986
  Administrative authorities   Management Office of Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve National Forestry bureau, Guizhan provincial Forestry department
  Brief description   Monitoring of water resources
Monitoring of habitats of Rhinopithecus brelichi (Guizhou Snub-nosed Monkey)
Permanent plot in forest ecosystem
Trends in economic development of surrounding communities
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Habitat.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, forest systems, mammals, methodologies, natural resources.
  Socio-economic   Economic studies.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Yang Yeqin
Fangjingshan Nature Reserve Administration
17 Sanxing West Road, Shuangjiang
554400 Jiankon County - Guizhou Province
  Telephone   (86.856) 662 0153
  Fax   (86.856) 662 0153

Last updated: 08/01/2002

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