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      Biosphere Reserve Information



Photo: Peng Wiaohui
  General Description   This biosphere reserve covers 24,000 hectares on the southern slopes of the Minshan Mountains which is within the transition area between the Sichuan Basin and the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. The natural landscape includes snow-capped peaks, numerous waterfalls, forests, mountain streams and lakes. The altitude ranges from about 2,000 to 4,700 meters above sea level. There are more than 140 bird species and numerous threatened species of plants and animals such as the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca).
The inhabitants (about 1,000 in 1997) are mainly Tibetan and Qiang, who live in nine villages located in the valley. The rapid growth of tourism has brought benefits to these communities but has also created threats to the natural environment. The local authorities are addressing these, for example by controlling the construction of new buildings.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broad-leaf forest and woodlands; mixed mountain and highland systems
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mountain coniferous forest; mixed forest with Quercus liaotungensis and Acer davidiana; shrub vegetation with Lonicera spp., Spiraea sp. and Berberis sp.; mixed coniferous- broad-leaved forest with Pinus tabulaeformis, P. armandii, Tsuga spp. and maximowiczii; alpine scrub-meadow; Tulus vegetation up to snow line with Saussurea medusa, S. gnaphalioides and S. longifolia; lake ecosystem; agroecosystems with planted Brassica pekinensis, B. campestris, Zea mais etc.
  Location   3254' to 3319'N; 10346' to 1044'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   106,090
  Core area(s)   58,915
  Buffer zone(s)   5,382
  Transition area(s) when given   41,793
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,998 to +4,764
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   The Jiuzhaigou Administration Committee takes charge The higher body is the Sichuan provincial government
  Brief description   Site for the Giant Panda habitat rehabilitation
Forest climate monitoring
Monitoring of water quality
Water bodies and landslide monitoring
Forest Insect Monitoring Station
Pests and diseases
Tourist economy
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities:
Cultivated lands suitable for trees will return to forests; business items will move outside the reserve; limitation of the number of tourists each year
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geomorphology, habitat, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies, pests/diseases, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment.
  Socio-economic   Economic studies, indicators of sustainability, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Guan Yan
Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve Management Bureau
623400 Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan Province
  Telephone   (86 837) 773 4198
  Fax   (86.837) 773 4579

Last updated: 12/12/2007

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