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      Biosphere Reserve Information

Czech Republic


  General Description   This biosphere reserve (declared as Protected Landscape Area on the national level, 70,000 hectares) is located largely in the shallow Trebon Basin in South Bohemia near the Austrian border. The region has been modified by human activities for more than eight centuries. This semi-natural landscape comprises 460 artificial fishponds and lakes that were constructed in the 15th and 16th century and now constitutes the center of Czech fish-farming industry. The Trebon fishponds and Trebon peatlands, which are part of the core area of the biosphere reserve, are also listed among wetlands of international importance within the Ramsar Convention (designated 1990 and 1993 respectively). Other habitats of particular conservation value are floodplain swamps, marshes and forests, primeval forests and sand dunes. As described in a synthesis of the Trebon wetlands (2002), species native to both the northern tundra and warm continental lowlands live in close proximity here, as well as species associated with extremely wet and dry biotopes. The biosphere reserve is also classified as European Important Bird Area (IBA), providing suitable habitats and food sources for both nesting and migratory birds (ducks, geese, white-tailed eagle etc.). It is the core area of the Czech otter population.
The main economic activities of the 26,000 inhabitants of the biosphere reserve (1998) are agriculture, forestry, fish-farming, the extraction of sand, gravel and peat, light industry (timber manufacturing, furniture, construction materials, textile, glass, brewery) and (mainly tourism and spa-treatments) services.
The Trebon Basin Biosphere Reserve Administration and the Czech Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Botany are key bodies in helping to promote appropriate management - articulating links between local and central government, local communities and resource users, and the scientific and educational communities.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate and sub-polar broadleaf forests or woodlands including freshwater wetlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forests of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), silver fir (Abies alba) and Norway spruce (Picea abies); broadleaf forests in river floodplains with oak (Quercus robur), maple (Acer sp.), lime (Tilia sp.) and elm (Ulmus sp.); fen woodland in swampy areas dominated by Alnus glutinosa; fishponds and littoral zones with reed (Phragmites australis), algae and cyanophytes, Typha sp., Phalaris arundinacea etc.; freshwater wetlands such as streams, oxbows, swamps, marshes, willow and alder carrs with Alnus glutinosa, Spiraea salicifolia, Scirpus sp. etc.; valley peat bogs and fens with Sphagnum sp., Pinus rotundata, P. sylvestris, P. digenea, Frangula alnus etc.; landscape with mixed land-use (mosaic of small forests and fields, pastures etc.) including fruit trees, ruderal (Sambucus nigra, Robinia pseudoacacia etc.), urban and exotic species
  Location   48°49' to 49°20'N; 14°39' to 15°00'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   70,000
  Core area(s)   3,749
  Buffer zone(s)   35,879
  Transition area(s) when given   30,372
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +410 to +550
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   The Trebonsko Protected Landscape Area and Biosphere Reserve Administration
  Brief description   Climate and meteorology
Air pollution
Hydrology, hydrogeology and hydrochemistry
Freshwater ecology for fishponds, streams and wetlands
Aquatic and wetland plants and communities
Otter (Lutra lutra) population, its conservation and management
Sustainable agriculture
Recreation in BR and carrying capacity of the landscape
Classification, assessment and protection of scenic values of the landscape
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, air quality, climate, hydrology, meteorology, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Community studies/Communities, conservation, ecology, freshwater/inland water, mammals, plants, wetlands.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, aquaculture/mariculture, recreation.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Josef Hlasek
Trebon Basin Biosphere Reserve Administration
Valy 121
CZ-37982 Trebon
Czech Republic
  Telephone   (42.333) 721 248
  Fax   (42.333) 721 400
  Web site

Last updated: 04/01/2002

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