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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Situated in north-east Greenland, this biosphere reserve is the largest biosphere reserve in the world, covering 97,200,000 hectares. There is no permanent settlement in the biosphere reserve, since most of the area is inland ice and the rest is a composite fjord landscape. Many bird species are breeding in the summer within the biosphere reserve, which also includes two Ramsar sites.
There is a permanent research station (Zackenberg), with a field season from late May to early September. Long time series of background ecosystem data is being generated through a long-term monitoring programme, called Zackenberg Basic.
The biosphere reserve is part of the International Tundra Experiment (ITEX), which was initiated within the framework of the MAB Northern Sciences Network in 1990. It is a contributing research site to observe and measure responses of selected arctic plants to changing environmental conditions, such as temperature or duration of snow cover.
  Major ecosystem type   Tundra communities and barren Arctic deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Tundra and high mountain vegetation including willow (Salix arctica), dwarf birch (Betula nana), crowberry (Emptetrum sp.) etc.; shore and marsh communities; grassland; heathland; freshwater communities
  Location   7100' to 8340'N; 1200' to 6300'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   97,200,000
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +3,000
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   The National Park Administration in North-East Greenland
  Brief description   Detection of ecosystem change
Global clima change
Littoral, lake, and terrestrial ecosystems
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, glaciology, global change.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, ecosystem assessment, freshwater/inland water.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address   Mette-Astrid Jessen
Greenland Home Rule, The Ministry of Environment and Nature
P.O. Box 1614
3900 Nuuk, Greenland
  Telephone   (299) 346717
  Fax   (299) 325286

Last updated: 14/03/2005

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