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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Located in the north-west of Corsica, this biosphere reserve follows the limits of the Fango Valley watershed. The Fango River is a mountain torrent that flows into the Gulf of Galéria in Corsica. The biosphere reserve rises from the level of the Mediterranean sea up to an altitude of 2,556 meters above sea level. The different altitude zones are clearly represented in the strongly characteristic Mediterranean-type valley with evergreen broadleaf forest and Mediterranean maquis. The mouth of the Fango River is a biologically rich mosaic noted particularly for its bird life, amphibians and reptiles. The holm oak groves of the Fango are ancient stands where the evergreen oak still dominate. The steep rocky landscapes of the high valley are home to the Corsican mouflon, the bearded vulture or lamergeier and the golden eagle.
Human activity is modest with 435 inhabitants scattered through the various hamlets of the communities of Galéria, Manso and Calenzana (1990). The economy is mainly based on livestock and tourism (12,000 visitors in the 1992 season) and is concentrated on the coast and the banks of the Fango. The management of scarce freshwater resources in the area is one of the main challenges in the biosphere reserve. The ‘Casa Marina’ is used since 1994 to house various environmental education activities. Research has been carried out since 1970 on biological and socio-economic issues.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mediterranean sclerophyllous woodlands dominated by evergreen holm oak (Quercus ilex) including maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) and Corsican pine (P. nigra laricio); tall maquis dominated by myrtle (Myrtus communis) with strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) and phillyrea (Phillyrea media and P. angustifolia); submediterranean maquis with Cistus species such as C. salvifolius, C. incanus and C. monspeliensis; alluvial forest; littoral zone of Mediterranean Sea
  Location   42°23'N; 8°46'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   23,500
  Core area(s)   4,398
  Buffer zone(s)   7,712
  Transition area(s) when given   11,390
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -50 to +2,556
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Parc National Régional de Corse (Charte du PNRC) + Comité d'aide a la gestion (3 communes, ONF, Association APEEM)
  Brief description   Water/Atmospheric long distant pollutants
Meteorological/hydrological monitoring
Multidisciplinary ecological research on the maquis
Regeneration of holm oak forests (Quercus ilex L)
Arthtropod inventory
Entomological biodiversity
History of the vegetation
Socio-economic and demographic problems
People/landscape relations
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, hydrology, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, ecology, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mediterranean type/scherophyll, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Archaeology/Paleontology, demography, people-nature relations/man/nature, social/socio-economic aspects, tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Interdisciplinary studies, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Patrick Lepaulmier
Parc Naturel Régional de Corse, Coordinateur Reserve de Biosphere du Fango
2, rue du major Lambroschini - B.P. 417
  Telephone   (33) (0) 4 95 51 79 09
  Web site

Last updated: 23/02/2007

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