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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Mont Ventoux (1,909 meters above sea level) is located in-between the Alpine massif to the north and the Mediterranean massifs to the south and comprises a diverse relief with a mosaic of microclimates and habitats. The mountain hosts an exceptional floristic and faunistic richness thanks to its intermediate position between the Mediterranean and the Alps and the orientation of its slopes.
The Ventoux summit is exceptionally rich in flora, with some sixty rare species. In the surrounding area, a great variety of trees can be found, notably the beech and juniper. The floristic diversity attracts a wide variety of fauna with dozens of nesting birds and many raptors, including the goshawk, woodlark and rock bunting. South of the Mont Ventoux, the Nesque Gorge harbors endangered plants such as the water arum, reptiles like the viperine snake and birds like golden eagle or vulture.
About 30,000 people live in the biosphere reserve and up to 600,000 visitors per year climb up to the top of Mont Ventoux (1990). The management of the biosphere reserve is the responsibility of the ‘Syndicat mixte’, consisting of villages’ representatives and local authorities. With the establishment of the biosphere reserve, a work plan was developed with a strong emphasis on local development, the protection of the natural heritage and its associated cultural values, and education and information. Recently, approaches to the implementation of sustainable agriculture and sustainable landscapes in the Ventoux area have been examined in concert with a multiplicity of actors.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Woodlands with oak (Quercus pubescens and Q. ilex), beech (Fagus sylvatica), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) etc.; yew (Taxus baccata) and box (Buxus sempervirens) woodlands on slopes; alpine vegetation including Poa cenisia, Festuca halleri, Ranunculus seguieri, Papaver rhaeticum etc.; subalpine vegetation with Avena montana, A. versicolor and Trisetum distichophyllum; cedar (Cedrus atlantica) forest dating from old plantations; vine (Vitis vinifera) yards; agroecosystems with Lavendula sp., Thymus sp. and Prunus cerasus; forestry systems with Cedrus atlantica, Pinus nigra, Fagus sylvatica etc.
  Location   44°10'N; 5°17'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   80,368
  Core area(s)   2,216
  Buffer zone(s)   26,830
  Transition area(s) when given   51,322
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +200 to +1,909
  Year designated   1990
  Administrative authorities   Syndicat mixte d’Aménagement et d’Equipement du Mont-Ventoux (SMAEMV)
  Brief description   Geology, hydrology and climatology
Anthropogenic factors in long-term ecosystem change
Biodiversity monitoring
Evaluation of effects of management practices
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, geology, hydrology.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, ecosystem assessment, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies.
  Socio-economic   Forestry.
  Integrated monitoring   Management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Ken Reyna
Syndicat mixte d'Aménagement du Ventoux, Coordinateur Reserve de Biosphere Mont Ventoux
830, avenue du Mont Ventoux
  Telephone   (33) (0) 4 90 63 22 74
  Web site

Last updated: 23/02/2007

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