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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Germany

SPREEWALD


© Photo: Weißflog
 
       
  General Description   The Spreewald Biosphere Reserve is situated 100 km south-east of Berlin in the Lausitz region. It is known for its traditional irrigation system which consists of 1,300 km small channels (called ‘Fliesse’) within the 48,400 hectares area. The landscape was shaped during the ice-age. Alder forests on wetlands and pine forests on sandy dry areas are characteristical for the region, however, also grasslands and fields can be found.
About 50,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998). Many of them are descendants of the first settlers in the Spreewald region, the Slavic tribes of the Sorb/Wends. Until today, they have preserved their traditional language, customs and clothing. People mostly depend on tourism. Many tourists enjoy the exploration of the Spreewald in punts. However, also agriculture, forestry and fishery are important sources of income.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Forested low moor landscape with ramose system of water bodies dominated by alder (Alnus glutinosa), Salix viminalis and Carex spp.; grassland low moor landscape with ramose system of water bodies with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea), purple moor grass (Molinia caerulea), Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica) etc.; inland dune pine forest and dry grassland with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), silver birch (Betula pendula) and alder buckthorn (Frangula alnus); old fruit plantations; agroecosystems with cucumber, cabbage etc.; forestry systems with alder (Alnus glutinosa), ash (Fraxinus excelsior), oak (Quercus robur) and pine (Pinus sylvestris)
  Location   51°88'N; 13°81'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   47,492
  Core area(s)   973
  Buffer zone(s)   9,315
  Transition area(s) when given   37,204 (including regeneration zone of 14,912 ha)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +44 to +144
  Year designated   1991
  Administrative authorities   Administration of BR Spreewald is part of the Brandenburg state office for Major Protected Areas under the authority of the Ministry of agriculture, environment protection and regional planning
 
  Brief description   Air pollution, climate, hydrological factors
Ecological environment monitoring on representative forest, agriculture and water research plots
Monitoring of birds, insects, mushrooms and small mammals
Succession of natural forests
Biotope mapping
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
GIS database
Test-cultivating of old sorts (varieties) of potatoes, cereals and fruit trees
Socio-economic monitoring
Indicators of sustainability relevant to economic activities:
plant communities, rare and endangered species, water level, socio-economical indicators will be identified soon
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Acidic deposition/Acid rain, climate, hydrology, pollution, pollutants.
  Biodiversity   Birds, ecology, forest systems, fungi, genetic resources, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies, phytosociology/succession, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, indicators of sustainability, monitoring methodologies, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Geographic Information System/GIS, mapping, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
 
  Contact address   Eugen Nowak
Biosphärenreservat Spreewald
Schulstrasse 9
D-03222 Luebbenau Spreewald
Germany
  Telephone   (49.3542) 8921-0
  Fax   (49.3542) 8921 40
  E-mail   eugen.nowak@lua.brandenburg.de
 
 
   


Last updated: 3/14/2005

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