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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Lake Fertö represents the westernmost steppe lake in Eurasia, shared by Hungary and Austria. Marshes, a vast reed belt and saline grasslands surround this shallow and alkaline lake. Hills are found on the western shore of the lake and the Hanság basin, a large peat land, is extending from the eastern shore. Lake Fertö is an important staging and wintering site for birds, mainly geese, ducks and shorebirds. This led to its designation as a Ramsar wetland.
The diverse cultural landscape of the Lake Fertö area has also been inscribed on the World Heritage list since it has been the meeting place of different cultures for eight millennia. The remarkable rural architecture of the villages surrounding the lake and several 18th and 19th century palaces add to the area’s considerable cultural interest. About 30,000 people are living within the in 21 settlements in the biosphere reserve (2001). Apart from agriculture, fishing, reed harvesting and mainly tourism are the major economic activities in the biosphere reserve. The lake is impacted by high nutrient inputs from surrounding agricultural areas. The management of the lake and scientific research is carried out in cooperation with the Neusiedler See Biosphere Reserve in Austria, situated adjacent to Lake Fertö Biosphere Reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broad-leaf forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   47°0'N; 16°43'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   12,542
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +114 to +261
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities  
  Brief description   Lake conditions/human effects monitoring (with Austria)
Climate and hydrological monitoring
Water conservation research
Management research on flora and fauna
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Conservation, fauna, flora, freshwater/inland water.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, management issues, monitoring/methodologies.
  Contact address   Rozália Érdine
Head of Department for Nature Conservation, State Secretary for Nature Protection
Ministry of Environment and Water, Fo utca 44-50
H-1011 Budapest
  Telephone   (36 1) 457 3488
  Fax   (36 1) 201 2617

Last updated: 30/08/2001

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