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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Iran

GENO

 
       
  General Description   The Geno Biosphere Reserve is situated in the very south of the Zagros Mountains, close to the Persian Gulf and the Hara Biosphere Reserve. In Geno, the warm and humid region of the Persian Gulf in the west and the arid deserts of central Iran are separated by mountains reaching an altitude of more than 3,000 meters above sea level. In this biosphere reserve, the change of vegetation with elevation and varying microclimatic conditions can be observed very well. Several hot springs are located in the valleys.
In 2000, about 40,300 people lived in the biosphere reserve who are mainly engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture, labouring and small industries and tourism.
Main problems for the implementation of the biosphere reserve concept come from overgrazing, land use changes for agriculture and forestry, illegal hunting, traffic and unorganized tourism. A research and monitoring station is situated within the biosphere reserve.
  Major ecosystem type   Cold-winter deserts and semi-deserts
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mountain habitats; desert vegetation; hot springs; deep canyons
  Location   2718' to 2729'N; 5556' to 5618'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   27,500
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +50 to +2,347
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
 
  Brief description   Monitoring of wildlife
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Methodologies, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
 Tehran
Iran
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14
  E-mail   mfazel@chamran.ut.ac.ir
 
 
   


Last updated: 2/28/2000

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