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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Hara Biosphere Reserve is located in the south of Iran in the Straits of Khuran between Queshm Island and the Persian Gulf. Situated in the Mehran River delta, it hosts the largest Avicennia mangrove along the Persian Gulf shoreline and, therefore, represents a center of biodiversity in Iran. The Strait of Khuran is also a Ramsar site, providing habitat to two globally threatened species: a wintering habitat for the pelican Pelecanus crispus, and a regular feeding place for the green turtle Chelonia mydas.
In 2000, about 30,500 people lived in the area, mainly engaged in trading. Additionally, there are some palm tree plantations, animal husbandry and fishing activities and ship construction industries. Lacking freshwater supply and salty water intrusions constrain agriculture mainly close to the shoreline. Other problems which faces the biosphere reserve today are the development plan for Queshm Island, logging activities for fuel wood by locals in the mangrove forest, overgrazing and illegal hunting and fishing.
  Major ecosystem type   Warm deserts and semi-deserts including mangrove
  Major habitats & land cover types   Mangrove with Avicennia spp.; salt plain characterized by Zygophyllum spp., Anastatica spp. and Centaurea spp. and with Prosopis spp., Stipa spp. and Acacia spp. in sandy locations
  Location   2645' to 2658'N; 5530' to 5550'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   85,686
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +173
  Year designated   1976
  Administrative authorities   Department of the Environment
  Brief description   Monitoring of wildlife
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Methodologies, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
Department of the Environment
P.O. Box 15875-5181
  Telephone   (98.21) 826 99 14
  Fax   (98.21) 826 99 14

Last updated: 17/10/2000

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