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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Miramare Biosphere Reserve and Marine Reserve is situated only about 7 km from the city of Trieste on the Gulf of Trieste close to the Slovenian border. It represents a rocky promontory of karst with coastal cliffs and beaches. Marine habitats of special interest from a conservation perspective are the tidal zone which harbors many endemic species, such as Fucus virsoides, and undisturbed cliffs with a diverse benthic fauna. The aim of the biosphere reserve is to maintain biological diversity in the marine environment surrounding Trieste through scientific research and monitoring activities. Environmental education designed for students and the public is also a major activity in the area.
This small biosphere reserve (290 hectares) is not inhabited, however many tourists enjoy underwater tours or visit the castle and garden of the Habsburg family. Both commercial and amateur fishing as well as other recreational activities infringe on the marine habitat. One of the challenges of the biosphere reserve is to involve all stakeholders such as traditional fishermen and the local community, tourism industry, non-governmental organizations, universities and municipalities in the management of the biosphere reserve. The area is managed by the Italian World Wildlife Fund on behalf of Italy’s Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory.
  Major ecosystem type   Mediterranean coastal/marine zone
  Major habitats & land cover types   Zostera marina and Cymodocea nodosa meadows; tidal zone with endemic species such as Fucus virsoides; cliffs where aggregate many commercial fishes; Mediterranean sclerophyllous vegetation on terrestrial part
  Location   45°42'N; 13°42'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   290
  Core area(s)   30 (of which marine: 30)
  Buffer zone(s)   80 (of which marine: 70)
  Transition area(s) when given   180 (of which marine: 80)
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   -18 to +40
  Year designated   1979
  Administrative authorities   WWF Italia on behalf of the Ministry of Environment Management Committee and a Reserve Board
  Brief description   Monitoring of main physical-chemical parameters of seawater
Trends in fish species’ abundance and diversity
Eco-behavioural surveys
Experiments on introduction and spreading of endangered species
Conflict between mussel farming and fishing
Studies on Mediterranean biodiversity "hot spots", and socio-economical parameters
Coastal management
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, coastal/marine, ecology, fishes, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction.
  Socio-economic   Aquaculture/Mariculture, fishery/fisheries, social/socio-economic aspects.
  Integrated monitoring   Conflict, management issues.
  Contact address   Roberto Odorico
Riserva Marina di Miramare
Viale Miramare 349
  Telephone   (39.040) 224 147
  Fax   (39.040) 224 147
  Web site
  Contact address   Maurizio Spoto
Riserva Marina di Miramare
Viale Miramare 349
  Telephone   (39.040) 224 147
  Fax   (39.040) 224 147
  Web site

Last updated: 10/01/2002

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