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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Archivio fotografico del Parco nazionale del Vesuvio
  General Description   This biosphere reserve is located on the Gulf of Naples and encompasses the active volcano Vesuvius, which is well know for its eruption in 79 AD, covering the town of Pompeii. The biosphere reserve includes the Vesuvius Park which is strictly protected and its transition area on the surrounding coastline. The ‘Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Ercolano, and Torre Annunziata’ are also inscribed on the World Heritage list. This area has been settled since Antiquity and incorporates the town of Pompeii and the Vesuvian Villas, which were built by rich Napolitan families in the 16th and 17th centuries. The long history of studies on the colonization of vegetation on lava of different ages is of particular research interest. The traditional agricultural areas are diverse in fruit, vines and flowers. The fauna is relatively poor but the site is a resting and staging area for migratory birds. The local population of 200,000 people (1999) essentially practice agriculture, however traditional activities are declining. Measures are being taken to renew interest in the rural heritage and develop cultural tourism and ecotourism.
  Major ecosystem type   Evergreen sclerophyllous forests, woodlands or scrub
  Major habitats & land cover types   Lava flow habitats with Stereocaulon vesuvianum, Helianthemion guttati, Helichrysum litoreum etc.; maquis communities; oak woodlands (Quercus ilex); mixed woodlands with Quercus pubescens, Acer obtusatum and A. neapolitanum
  Location   40°49'N; 14°26'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   13,500
  Core area(s)   4,000
  Buffer zone(s)   5,000
  Transition area(s) when given   4,500
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +1,281
  Year designated   1997
  Administrative authorities   Ente Parco, Ministry of the Environment
  Brief description   Climatic data
Pioneer flora on lava flows
Conservation of genetic resources: "pomodorino vesuviano" (small tomatoes from Vesuvio), "albicocca vesuviana" (apricot from Vesuvio), "uva catalanesca"
Risk assessment in relation to volcanic eruptions
Mapping of the different zones of the biosphere reserve
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate.
  Biodiversity   Conservation, fauna, flora, genetic resources, volcanic/geothermal systems/volcano.
  Socio-economic   Natural hazards.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Maurizio Fraissinet
Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio
P.zza Raffaele Capasso
  Telephone   (39.081) 771 7549
  Fax   (39.081) 771 8215

Last updated: 20/02/2001

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