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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve, located on Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, is important for the conservation of the last remnants of the islands’ endemic vegetation, the tropical evergreen forest. About 25% of Mauritius flora and fauna is endemic to the island, but with the invasion of alien species the indigenous nature is at high risk. Being part of the Black River Gorges National Park, the biosphere reserve fosters in situ conservation through human intervention (e.g. weeding of exotic species, trapping introduced macaques) and ex situ conservation such as plant propagation and captive breeding of birds.
No people live in the biosphere reserve. However, about 500,000 tourists spend annually their holidays in the area (1997). Within the national park an information center raises public awareness and provides environmental education through exhibitions, talks and seminars. Furthermore, environmental education is carried out in local schools by the National Parks and Conservation Service.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical humid forests
  Major habitats & land cover types   Marshlands characterized by Lycopodium spp., Pandanus spp., Sphagnum spp. etc.; Philippia/Phylica heath with Astelia hemichrysa, Coffea spp., Blechnum attenuatum etc.; tropical evergreen forest dominated by Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae and Sapotaceae including Sideroxylon grandiflorum, Ocotea cupularis, Tambourissa sieberi etc.; mid-altitude forest composed mainly of Labourdonnaisia glauca, Mimusops petiolaris and Diospyros spp.
  Location   20°22' to 20°28'S; 57°24' to 57°28'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   3,594
  Core area(s)   3,594
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +50 to +65
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   National Park and Conservation Service
  Brief description   Removal of invasive species
Regeneration of degraded forests
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Alien/Invasive/Exotic/Introduced species, degraded areas, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, tropical humid forest.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
  Contact address    
National Parks and Conservation Service

  Telephone   (230) 464 2993
  Fax   (230) 465 1184

Last updated: 24/11/1999

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