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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve consist of a range of different types of ecosystems and natural habitats that represent major biogeographic regions, coupled with traditional forms of local ownership of the land that determine different uses for management and conservation of the site. The main ecological system in the area, due to its extension and biodiversity, is the lowland deciduous or dry tropical forest which is distributed in the lower parts of both strands of the Sierra. Other ecological systems, such as the tropical evergreen forest, seasonal deciduous forests and oak forests which help maintain ecological processes and stable weather conditions in the region. Another important system that is distinguished by its interaction with human activities and is increasingly threatened is the pine-oak forest that is distributed in discontinuous strips along the Sierra and surrounding mixed forests located on the tops of the mountain system. There are also some relics ecosystems like the mountain cloud forest or evergreen cloud forest, scrub and tall pine savannah, which function as an important ecological system that provides unique benefits to area in its totality.

Various types of land ownership in the region have created a mosaic of transformed environments which in a particular way preserve a unique richness and where special management practices are developed so as to assist in conservation of the protected natural area. The main activity in the region is extensive cattle breeding mainly in pine forests and traditional agriculture; both activities are linked to agricultural use of fire, thus putting at risk natural ecosystems. Therefore, alternative practices are also carried out to ensure sustainable development.

In the area there are successful experiences of sustainable development such as the cultivation and use of palm trees in the ejido Sierra Morena that has served as a platform for exchanges of various experiences at local to national and international levels. This ejido, which currently markets the palm tree leaves directly with the buyer in the United States, represents an important model of sustainable development and has already shared its experiences with other biosphere reserves in the country.
  Major ecosystem type   dry tropical forest and tropical evergreen forest
  Major habitats & land cover types  
  Location   16° 00’ 18’’- 16° 29’ 01’’ Latitude N and 93° 24’ 34’’- 94° 07’ 35’’ Longitude W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   167,310
  Core area(s)   13,759-21-25
  Buffer zone(s)   153,550.65
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   60-2,550
  Year designated   2006
  Administrative authorities   Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas
  Brief description   Ecological studies focused on populations of felines and other mammals are being conducted, as well as the biological monitoring of priority species, and inventory of forage species in lowland deciduous forest. Characterization and inventory of lichens and inventory of beetles in agricultural systems and other ecosystems have also been accomplished.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, climate, geology, habitat, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, soil, topography.
  Biodiversity   Alien/Invasive/Exotic/Introduced species, amphibians, autoecology/synecology, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, degraded areas, desertification, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, ethology, fauna, fires/fire ecology, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, phenology, phytosociology/succession, plants, pollination, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, temperate forest, tropical humid forest, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, bioprospecting, capacity building, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, forestry, human health, indicators, indicators of sustainability, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, recreation, resource use, role of women/gender, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.
  Integrated monitoring   Carrying capacity/Sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use.
  Contact address   Alexer Vázquez Vázquez
Director de la Reserva de la Biosfera La Sepultura
2a Oriente Norte No. 227 Col. Centro, Palacio Federal Tercer Piso,Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas
  Web site

Last updated: 08/03/2011

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