|Biosphere Reserve Information|
SISTEMA ARRECIFAL VERACRUZANO
The Veracruzano Coral Reef System National Park (NPVRS) is located in the State of Veracruz, opposite the municipalities of Veracruz, Boca del Río and Alvarado, at an altitude of 0 metres above the sea level, at the geographic coordinates of 19º 02' 16" and 19º 15' 32" of North latitude (N) and 95º 46' 55" and 96º11'45" of West longitude (W); with a total surface of approximately 52,238 hectares and around 2.7 km at its wider side measured from the coast to open sea, in the continental shelf (Fig. 1). NPVRS borders to the Northwest (NW) with “Lobos-Tuxpan Coral Reef System” located in front of the Lagoon of Tamiahua and Tuxpan, Ver. and to the East (E) with the “Campeche and Yucatán Coral Reef System” (Gutiérrez et al., 1993).
It is composed by 23 coral reefs which are classified according to their location, into two groups:
GROUP I (SOUTH AREA): Anegada de Afuera; Santiaguillo ; Anegadilla ; Topatillo ; Cabezo, Baliza Norte ; Cabezo, Baliza Sur ; En medio ; Rizo ; Chopas ; Polo ; Blanca ; Giote ; Punta Coyol.
GROUP II (NORTH AREA): Ingeniero; Sacrificios; Pájaros; Verde y Paducah; Anegada de Adentro; Blanquilla, Baliza Norte; Blanquilla, Baliza Sur; Galleguilla; Gallega; Punta Gorda; Hornos.
In this area, artisan fisheries is one economic activity on which several sectors of the population depend, ecotourism activities offered by population of the coast adjacent to the Veracruzano Coral Reef System, all this under one management programme created with the participation of several social groups: fisheries cooperatives, tourism sector, educational and research institutions.
|Major ecosystem type||Coral reef|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Coral Reef, seagrass and mangrove.|
|Location||19º 02' 16" - 19º 15' 32" latitude N and 95º 46' 55"- 96º11'45" longitude W|
|Core area(s)||5, 115.239|
|Buffer zone(s)||52, 232, 976.20|
|Transition area(s) when given||28,706.18|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)|
|Administrative authorities||Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas|
The first important researches developed in the Veracruzano Coral Reef System were carried out by Heilprin (1891) scientific studies that reports eleven coral species for this system; Alexander Von Humboldt’s political essay about the “Nova España” describes how the port inhabitants of Veracruz used mucar stone of madreporic origin to build their houses. Subsequently, a growing number of several scientific researches in this zone has been carried out. Amongst these, we can mention those undetaken by: Moore (1958), Kornicker et. al. (1959), Emery (1963), Rannefel (1972), Jordan (1980), Castañares and Soto (1982), Yedid (1982) among others. It is important to note that not until 30 years ago and only after Emery´s research in 1963 who studied the geology, the topography and the sediments of this area, researches were renewed. Currently, a monitoring of coral reef species as well as research projects are being carried out by several universities. This area is under monitoring and permanent surveillance by the national park rangers.
|Abiotic||Abiotic factors, climate, contaminants, geomorphology, heavy metals, physical oceanography/oceans, siltation/sedimentation.|
|Biodiversity||Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, benthos, biodiversity, biology, birds, coastal/marine, community studies/communities, conservation, coral reefs, degraded areas, ecology, ecosystem assessment, endemic species, fauna, fishes, flora, invertebrates/insects/spiders, island systems/islands, mammals, microorganisms, migrating populations/migration, perturbations/resilience/vulnerability, pests/diseases, plankton, plants, rare/endangered/threatened species, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.|
|Socio-economic||Capacity building, economic studies, economically important species, fishery/fisheries, indicators of sustainability, modelling, resource use, social/socio-economic aspects.|
|Integrated monitoring||Education and public awareness, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, management issues, mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.|
Elvira Carvajal Hinojosa
Juan de Grijalva n° 78 Esq. Colon. Col. Reforma
|Last updated: 08/03/2011|