|Biosphere Reserve Information|
The Islas Marietas, an archipelago made up of two islands and two islets, are located in the transitional zone between the Nearctic and Neotropical biogeographic regions, thus, both on land and in the marine zone, species cohabit which are found at the southern and northern respective limits of distribution. Likewise, these islands are located in an area of confluence of three water bodies, the California Current, the current from the Coast of Costa Rica and the body of water of the Gulf of California (Wyrtki, 1965). These islands are thus a habitat that allows the coexistence of marine species characteristic of central and southern Mexican Pacific with the Gulf of California and the Pacific coast of Baja California.
On account of their geographic characteristics and the great diversity of habitat in the locality, invertebrate species such as sulphur sponge(Aplysina fistularis), cnidarian such as hydroids (Lytocarpus nuttingi), anemones, like those in the sand (Alicia beebei) and the tube anemone (Pachycerianthus fimbriatus), annelid, molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms, find in the area a good substrate to develop properly.
The coastal towns that are involved in the most activities with the islands are located in the municipalities of Bahia de Banderas in the state of Nayarit and in Puerto Vallarta in Jalisco. Populations close to the islands practice artisanal fishing even though fishermen have seen the greatest economic opportunity for their families in ecotourism. The directors of the protected area have made efforts to train residents of the area in matters relating to the application of a suitable and sustainable ecotourism in protected natural areas.
|Major ecosystem type||Pasture and coral reefs|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Rangeland and coral reefs|
|Location||20º 42´ 47” N 105º 33´ 18” W and 20º 41´ 11” N 105º 36´ 00” W|
|Transition area(s) when given||14,124|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)|
|Administrative authorities||Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas|
Since the 1990s, there has been interest from various groups in the conservation of the Islas Marietas. In 2000 and 2002 technical studies were conducted to justify the declaration of the National Park area and were culminated in 2005, being involved in the Declaration process of various institutions in the region which include the University of Guadalajara through the Centro University de la Costa, the Technological Institute of Bahía de Banderas and UNAM. Most of the studies conducted in the Islas Marietas are related to birds and marine mammals. Recently, there has been growing interest in learning about issues that relate to the marine environment of the islands, mainly on sponges, corals, sea slugs, echinoderms and reef fish. Currently the monitored bird species are Sula leucogaster, Sula nebouxii, Fregata magnificens, Larus atricilla y Larus heermanni.
|Biodiversity||Algae, amphibians, biodiversity, birds, conservation, coral reefs, fishes, monitoring/methodologies, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.|
|Socio-economic||Fishery/Fisheries, recreation, tourism.|
|Integrated monitoring||Education and public awareness.|
Jorge Castrejon Pineda
Condominio plaza Marina, Localwes f-19 a F-22, Col. Marina Sol. Puerto vallarta, Jalisco
|Last updated: 08/03/2011|