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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   This biosphere reserve is situated in the West African Savanna, approximately 200 km northwest of Bamako in western Mali. The area (918,000 hectares) which is also designated as a national park comprises two biogeographic zones: the Sudano-Guinean zone to the south and the Sahelian zone to the north. Shrub savanna dominated by Combretum spp., changes into Isoberlinia savanna woodland in the south. Baoulé River is fringed by dense riverine forest. While vegetation in the south shows only few signs of degradation, vegetation in the north is suffering from effects of drought. One major threat to vegetation is also clearing for agricultural use. The area used to support many large mammal populations. However, they have been devastated due to heavy pressure from hunting and competition from livestock. In 1981, the livestock population was estimated to 13,500 zebus and 59,500 sheep and goats.
Various ethnic groups live in the area: sedentary Kakolo, Sarkolés, Malinké and Bambara (farmers), the transhumant Peuhls and Maures and the Bozos (fishers). Depending on the season, between 78,300 and 150,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998). The land tends to be used for pastoralism in the north during the dry season and for agriculture throughout the area depending on the local rainfall conditions.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical dry or deciduous forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Herbaceous steppes and grasslands; wooded savanna with Acacia spp.; bush savanna; Butyrospermum paradoxum savanna; gallery forests; cavities in rocky areas; riverine forest along river; Baoulé river bed; agroecosystems
  Location   13°10' to 14°30'N; 08°25' to 09°50'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   2,500,000
  Core area(s)   533,037
  Buffer zone(s)   177,345
  Transition area(s) when given   1,789,618
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +300 (average)
  Year designated   1982
  Administrative authorities   Opération Parc National de la Boucle du Baoulé (OPNBB)
  Brief description   Climatological monitoring
Ecological monitoring
Mapping the different biosphere reserve zones
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Climate, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, fauna, methodologies.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Mapping, planning and zoning measures/zonation.
  Contact address   Bourama Niagate
Directeur, Parc National et Réserve de la Biosphère - Boucle du Baoulé
B.P. 275
  Telephone   (223) 222 24 98

Last updated: 04/03/2008

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