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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Bogd Khan Uul Biosphere Reserve is located to the south of Ulanbaatar, in the southernmost forest steppe zone and the Khentei Mountain area. The northern slopes of the mountains are covered by dense coniferous forest and the southern slopes by bare rocks. Among the most threatened animal species in the biosphere reserve are the Musk deer (Moschus moschiferus), Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), sable (Martes zibellina) and Arctic hare (Lepus timidus). Nature conservation dates back to the twelfth and thirteenth century when the Toorl Khan of Mongolian Ancient Khereid Aimag - who prohibited logging and hunting activities - claimed the Bogd Khan as a holy mountain.
Some 70 families (346 people) live in the biosphere reserve (1994) who are mostly nomads, engaged in traditional livestock raising. It is expected that the development of tourism (30,000 tourists annually in 1994) will bring benefits to local communities. The area of Bogd Khan Uul has a very long research history dating back to the 1940's.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate grasslands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Grasslands; mountains; taiga vegetation; bare rock habitats; mixed forest with larch (Larix sibirica), birch (Betula spp.), cedar (Cedrus spp.), pine (Pinus spp.), poplar (Populus spp.) and fire-tree
  Location   4743' to 4754'N; 10646' to 10710'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   67,300
  Core area(s)   41,651
  Buffer zone(s)   13,433
  Transition area(s) when given   12,216
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +1,309 to +2,268
  Year designated   1996
  Administrative authorities   Administration of Bogd Khan Uul Strictly Protected Area
  Brief description   Land use
Soil contamination
Dynamics of forest and vegetation cover
Ecology of hooved animals
Population genetics
Impact of human activities
Tourism development in transition zone
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Contaminants, soil.
  Biodiversity   Ecology, forest systems, mammals, population genetics/population dynamics, vegetation studies/plant cover.
  Socio-economic   Tourism.
  Integrated monitoring   Impact and risk studies/Environmental impact, land use/land cover.
  Contact address   A. Gambat
Ministry for Nature and Environment
Khan-Uul streat. 2-r khoroo Chinggis Avenue
  Telephone   (976.11) 342620
(976.11) 342137

Last updated: 12/10/2007

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