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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Almost all of the Reserve areas are covered by wetland (freshwater lake, Tasik Chini and feeder rivers of the lake) and a slightly steep hill (Chini Hill) as well as the Tasik Chini State Park Reserve Forest.The freshwater swamp around the main lake functions as a sponge to absorb water runoff during the raining season.

The topography of the Tasik Chini catchment area varies from 50’ to a spotheight of 1,210’ above mean sea level (MSL), but for about 80% of the area, the topography is well below 250’ MSL. Areas above the 250’ contour are mainly confining to the south west where Chini Hill rises to 2, 103’ MSL. The lake areas are below the 50’ contour. The main water sources contributing to the main lake body comprises firstly, the natural tributaries of Sungai Chini comprising Sungai Perupok to the west, Sungai Melai to the south and Sungai Datang and Sungai Gumum to the north east, secondly from the backflows from Sungai Pahang occurring in the flood season. The Sungai Chini is the only river that drain the lake to meet Sungai Pahang

Tasik Chini is relatively shallow, with depths of the interconnecting channels between ‘ lauts’ for most parts, not exceeding 1 to 2.5 meters and of slightly deeper depth between ‘laut’ proper to a maximum of some 3 to 5 meters, mainly confined to Laut Jemberau, Laut Gumum and the existing Tanjung Kelantan jetty. Almost all of the residents at Tasik Chini area are indigenous indigenous peoples and Malay. The population is more or less 500 people. They live at Kg Gumum, Kg Melai, Tg. Chenahan, Chok, Sepau, and Ulu Gumum. The major economic activities for the indigenes indigenous peoples at Tasik Chini are collecting rattan, rubber tapper and fishery, while the Malay community are working under the FELDA Palm Oil Plantation Scheme.
  Major ecosystem type   Freshwater lake, Lowland dipterocarp forest
  Major habitats & land cover types   Natural Freshwater Lake – Tasik Chini, feeder rivers of the lake and 641 m (Bukit Chini) lowland dipterocarp forest and Tasik Chini State Park Reserve Forest.
  Location   The northern extent of the Reserve is approximately 3o28’0” N.
The southern extent of the Reserve is approximately 3o22’0” N.
The western extent of the Reserve is approximately 102o51’30” W.
The eastern extent of the Reserve is approximately 102o58’30” W.
  Area (hectares)    
  Core area(s)   6415
  Buffer zone(s)   incorporated in the core zone
  Transition area(s) when given   536.66
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   Highest elevation above sea level: 641 metres Lowest elevation above sea level: 17 metres For coastal/marine areas, maximum depth below mean sea level: 6.0 metres (Tasik Chini freshwater lake)
  Year designated   2009
  Administrative authorities   Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE) Ministry of Science and Technology (MOSTI) Pahang State Economy Planning Unit Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) Department of Forestry, Pahang UNDP
  Brief description   The zonation different from low-lying areas (mudflats on the fringes of the lakes, along stream/rivers and within the lakes), the higher and permanent dry areas (this tract of forest rises from below 40’ elevation to elevation to slightly more than 280’ at Tebakang Hill).

Most past and on going research activities that has been carried out in Tasik Chini and the catchment intensively stressed on the monitoring of tourism management of the natural ecosystem of the lake and the surrounding. The relevant researches merely focused on the study to sustain the water quality standard, the conservation of the biodiversity of flora and fauna, the soil study as well as the study of the aquatic fauna that has the crucial roles as the keystones of the lake area and as a tourist destination.
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Abiotic factors, acidic deposition/acid rain, air quality, air temperature, climate, contaminants, erosion, geology, geomorphology, geophysics, groundwater, habitat, heavy metals, hydrology, indicators, meteorology, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, nutrients, pollution, pollutants, siltation/sedimentation, soil, topography, toxicology/toxic substances.
  Biodiversity   Algae, alien/invasive/exotic/introduced species, amphibians, benthos, biodiversity, biogeography, biology, biotechnology, birds, community studies/communities, conservation, ecology, ecosystem assessment, ecosystem functioning/ecosystem structure, ecotone, endemic species, evapotranspiration, fauna, fishes, flora, forest systems, freshwater/inland water, fungi, genetic resources, indicators, invertebrates/insects/spiders, lichens, mammals, microorganisms, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, natural medicinal products, natural resources, pests/diseases, phytosociology/succession, plankton, plants, population genetics/population dynamics, productivity, rare/endangered/threatened species, reintroduction, reptiles, restoration/rehabilitation/redevelopment, species inventorying/inventory, taxonomy, vegetation studies/plant cover, wetlands, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   Agriculture/Production systems, agroforestry, anthropological studies/anthropology, aquaculture/mariculture, archaeology/paleontology, cottage industry/artisanal industry, cultural aspects, demography, economic studies, economically important species, energy production systems/alternative energy, fishery/fisheries, forestry, human health, human migration/population exodus, hunting, indicators, indicators of sustainability, indigenous people, industry, livelihood measures, livestock and related impacts/overgrazing, local participation, micro-credits, mining, modelling, monitoring methodologies, natural hazards, non-timber forest products/ntfp, pastoralism/pastoralists/grazing, people-nature relations/man/nature, poverty, quality economies, recreation, resource use, small business initiatives, social/socio-economic aspects, stakeholders' interests, tourism, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge, transport.
  Integrated monitoring   Biogeochemistry, carrying capacity/sustainability, conflict, ecosystem approach, education and public awareness, environmental change, environmental quality, geographic information system/gis, impact and risk studies/environmental impact, indicators, infrastructure, institutional and legal aspects, integrated studies/interdisciplinaty, interdisciplinary studies, land tenure, land use/land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, management issues, mapping, modelling, monitoring/methodologies, planning and zoning measures/zonation, policy issues, remote sensing, rural systems, sustainable development/sustainable use, transboundary/transfrontiers, watershed studies/monitoring.

Last updated: 12/08/2009

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