|Biosphere Reserve Information|
This biosphere reserve is situated about 135 km north-east of Lagos in the south of Nigeria. Major habitats are dry evergreen mixed deciduous forests in the north and wet evergreen forests in the south. However, plantations and agricultural land can also be found. Main plant species of the area are for instance Diospyros spp., Dracaena manni, Khaya ivorensis and Cordia millenii. Animal species include the grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus), the pangolin (Manis tetradactyla), the tree hydrax (Dendrohyrax arborea) and the elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis).
About 6,000 people live within the biosphere reserve boundaries (1998). Their major economic activities are taking place in the transition area: timber exploitation, fuelwood harvesting, cultivation of arable crops, establishing plantations of indigenous and exotic tree species, hunting and fishing. Loss of biodiversity and soil erosion are the main threats to the biosphere reserve. There are several research programmes in place such as climatic measurements and soil changes with different land use practices, bio-productivity studies, and indigenous knowledge and practise in hunting and fishing as well as the utilisation of non-timber forest products.
|Major ecosystem type||Tropical humid forests|
|Major habitats & land cover types||Moist lowland evergreen forest including Diospyros spp., Strombosia pustulata, Scottellia coriacea, Octolobus angustatus etc.; broken forest with Uvaria spp., Terminalia superba, Nauclea diderrichii etc.; less disturbed, high forest with Nauclea diderrichii, Brachystegia nigerica, Guibourtia ehie etc.; dry evergreen mixed deciduous forest; marshlands with Anthonotha macrophylla, Grewia coriacea and Spondianthus preussii; plantations with Gmelina arborea, Pinus caribaea, Cola sp. and Theobroma cacao species; agroecosystems with cash crops and arables; residential areas|
|Location||06°35' to 07°05'N; 04°19' to 04°40'E|
|Transition area(s) when given||115,600|
|Altitude (metres above sea level)||+15 to +150|
|Administrative authorities||Omo Strict Natural Reserve Department of Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, Abeokuta Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN)|
Climatic measurements and soil changes with different land
Indigenous knowledge and practise in hunting and fishing
Utilization of non-wood products
|Socio-economic||Fishery/Fisheries, hunting, non-timber forest products/ntfp, resource use, traditional practices/ethnology/traditional knowledge.|
|Integrated monitoring||Land use/Land cover.|
|Last updated: 8/30/2001|