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      Biosphere Reserve Information



© Photo: Bosque Mbaracayú BR
  General Description   The 'Bosque Mbaracayú' Biosphere Reserve, is the first one designated in Paraguay. It corresponds to a hotspot of biodiversity comprise in the continental part of the Mata Atlántica’s biologic corridor. It is a tropical humid forest ecosystem type, which includes low altitude, medium altitude and inundated Atlantic semi-deciduous forests and savannas with palm trees, dry forests, tropical savannah and pasturelands. More than 16,000 people (2000), including indigenous and local peasants, live in the buffer zone, engaged in agriculture, hunting, logging and fishing, tourism and commerce activities. Only 6% of the population has access to potable water services. In the transition area more than 96,800 inhabitants live in urban and industrial areas and develop forest exploitation of native forest, regulated by the provincial authorities. The management and administration of the biosphere reserve is undertaken by a private foundation. The GEF-World Bank project for Biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in Mbaracayú is being developed in the Biosphere Reserve since February 2003. Local populations have been involved in the biosphere reserve project from the start and they are also involved in interdisciplinary research projects on the conservation of natural areas and resources. Local awareness programmes have also been developed to promote management practices for sustainable use of natural resources such as agro-forestry, enrichment of degraded forests, establishment of subsistence cultivation, capacity building, etc.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical humid forest (Atlantic forest)
  Major habitats & land cover types   Low altitude Atlantic forest characterized by Astronium fraxinifolium, Aspidosperma polyneuron, Tabebuia heptaphylla, Albizia hassleri etc.; medium altitude Atlantic forest dominated by Copaifera langsdorfii, Syagrus romanzoffiana, Cedrela spp. etc.; inundated Atlantic forest dominated by Gomidesia palustris and Calyptranthes concina; savannas with palm trees such as Butia paraguayensis, Acrocomia hassleri and Syagrus sp.; dry forest; tropical savanna; pasture lands; agroecosystems; urban and industrial areas
  Location   24°00' to 24°15'S; 55°25' to 55°32'W
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   280,000
  Core area(s)   64,405.76
  Buffer zone(s)   20,000 approx.
  Transition area(s) when given   215,595
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +140 to +450
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Fundación Moisés Bertoni para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (NGO)
  Brief description   Inventory and research on birds
Biodiversity and ecology of bats in the Atlantic forest
Study of land-use policies
Investigation of the threatened mammal Speothos venaticus
Evaluation of the hydrological resources of Mbaracayú
Soil/landscape relations
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Hydrology, soil.
  Biodiversity   Biodiversity, birds, ecology, mammals, rare/endangered/threatened species, species inventorying/inventory.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Land use/Land cover, landscape inventorying/monitoring, policy issues.
  Contact address   Danilo Arturo Salas Dueñas
Fundación Moisés Bertoni para la Conservación de la Naturaleza, Coordinación de Programas
Prócer Carlos Argüello, 208
CC 714 Asunción
  Telephone   595 48 556
(595.21) 600 855
  Fax   (595.21) 608 741
  Web site

Last updated: 09/03/2011

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