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      Biosphere Reserve Information



  General Description   Puerto Galera Biosphere Reserve is situated on Mindoro Island, about 120 km south of Manila. Its 23,200 hectares make up the northern tip of Mindoro Island and are bounded to the north by the Verde Island Passage, to the west by the Camarong River and to the east by the municipality of San Teodoro. Ecosystems represented here are savannas and grasslands, dipterocarp forests, mossy forests, mangrove, coral reefs and coastal ecosystems as well as agroforestry systems. A wide variety of endemic species are present, including tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis).
There are about 22,000 inhabitants in Puerto Galera (1996). Their traditional source of income used to be fishing and subsistence agriculture. However, after the boom of tourism at the end of the 1970s, the service sector became more and more important. Today, the rapid and unregulated development of the tourist sector, which also led to population and economic growth, is the biggest problem of Puerto Galera.
The conservation of coral reefs has been recognized as one of the main tasks of the biosphere reserve since healthy coral reefs are important for the conservation of biodiversity, the maintenance of the traditional lifestyle and culture, tourism revenues, education and research.
  Major ecosystem type   Tropical humid forests with coastal/marine component
  Major habitats & land cover types   Malasimbo rainforest; brushland; mossy forest; marine ecosystems; coral reefs; agroecosystems; coconut plantations
  Location   1323' to 1332'N; 12050' to 12100'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   23,247
  Core area(s)  
  Buffer zone(s)  
  Transition area(s) when given  
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   0 to +1,800
  Year designated   1977
  Administrative authorities   Puerto Galera Biosphere Reserve Department of Environment and Nature Reserves
  Brief description   Biological inventory
Environmental monitoring
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   n.a.
  Biodiversity   Biology.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   Monitoring/methodologies.
  Contact address   Delfin Ganapin Jr.
UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines
Ground Floor, Dept. of Foreign Affairs Bldg. - 2330 Roxas Blvd.
 Pasay City
  Telephone   (63.2) 834 3447
(63.2) 834 4818 or 834 4843
  Fax   (63.2) 831 8873

Last updated: 3/1/2000

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