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      Biosphere Reserve Information
     

Poland

PUSZCZA KAMPINOSKA

 
       
  General Description   Located in the European lowlands in the north-east of Warsaw and parallel to the valley of the Wisla River, this biosphere reserve is characterized by a high diversity of lowland habitats with dune belts separated by swamp areas and a mixture of forest types (bog-alder forest, ash-alder flood plain forest, pine-oak mixed forest and low oak-lime-hornbeam forest). The abundance of natural habitats allowed the successful reintroduction of elk (Alces alces) in 1951 and European beaver (Castor fiber) in 1980. A reintroduction project of lynx (Lynx lynx) started in 1992. The core area of the biosphere reserve includes the strictly preserved areas within the administrative boundaries of the Kampinos National Park.
73,000 people live within the boundaries of the biosphere reserve, mainly in villages in the transition area (1998). Agriculture and tourism are the main economic activities in the area. About 500,000 to 1,000,000 tourists visit the biosphere reserve each year to walk, ride and ski (1998). The core area and buffer zone are important for environmental education, given the large number of visitors from Warsaw and Lod.
  Major ecosystem type   Temperate broadleaf forests or woodlands
  Major habitats & land cover types   Salicetum pentandro-cinareae habitats with Salix cinerea, S. pentandra, S. nigricans etc.; bog-alder forests dominated by Alnus glutinosa, Betula pubescens, Ribes nigrum etc.; ash-alder flood plain forests including Fraxinus excelsior, Alnus glutinosa, Ulmus laevis etc.; Salicetum triandro-viminalis habitats dominated by Salix spp.; willow-poplar flood plain forests with Populus alba, P. nigra, Salix alba, S. fragilis etc.; Ficario-Ulmetum campestris habitats; low oak-lime-hornbeam forest with Quercus robur, Tilia cordata and Carpinus betulus; Potentillo albae-Quercetum habitats; pine-oak mixed forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea and Q. robur; wet, mesic and dry oak-linden-hornbeam forest; bog, wet, mesic and dry pine forest; meadows; sand dunes with communities of Festuco pasmmophilae-Koelerietum galaucae and Spergulo morinori-Corynephoterum, marsches, heats, streams and channels.
  Location   5214' to 5226'N; 2012' to 2057'E
  Area (hectares)    
  Total   76,232
  Core area(s)   5,675
  Buffer zone(s)   ~31,969
  Transition area(s) when given   ~38,588
  Altitude (metres above sea level)   +64 to +107,4
  Year designated   2000
  Administrative authorities   Kampinos National Park Local Communities Mazovian Voivod - Government special administration organisation
 
  Brief description   Groundwater level observations
Water balance
Flora and vegetation
Monitoring of spontaneous changes in ecosystems and of populations of chosen plant species
Monitoring of birds of prey and black stork (Ciconia nigra) - numbers, distribution, ecology
Corncrake (Crex crex) and crane (Grus grus) monitoring, distribution, ecology
Monitoring of small mammals
The olfactory communication in populations of small mammals
Lynx lynx reintroduction in Kampinos National Park
Space activity of lynxes bred in zoos, after reintroduction to natural conditions
Wintering insects
Observations of Tomicus piniperda, T. minor and Lymantria monacha
Observations of numbers of Melolontha melolontha
Spacing of anthills
Monitoring of the forests health condition, estimation of the number of dying trees
Winter observations of the big game migrations
  Specific variables...    
  Abiotic   Groundwater, hydrology, monitoring/methodologies.
  Biodiversity   Birds, breeding/reproduction, ecology, ethology, flora, forest systems, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies, migrating populations/migration, plants, reintroduction, vegetation studies/plant cover, wildlife.
  Socio-economic   n.a.
  Integrated monitoring   n.a.
 
  Contact address   Jerzy Misiak
Kampinos National Park
Tetmajera 38
05-080 Izabelin
Poland
  Telephone   (48.22) 722 60 01
(48.22) 722 60 21 or 722 65 62
  Fax   (48.22) 722 65 60
  E-mail   kampn@medianet.pl
  Web site   www.medianet.pl/~kampn
 
 
   


Last updated: 3/9/2005

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